Charles Sloane Cadogan, Earl Cadogan, Papers: Finding Aid

Finding aid prepared by Mary L. Robertson, January 7, 2012.
The Huntington Library, Art Collections, and Botanical Gardens
Manuscripts Department
1151 Oxford Road
San Marino, California 91108
Phone: (626) 405-2129
Email: reference@huntington.org
URL: http://www.huntington.org
© 2012
The Huntington Library. All rights reserved.


Overview of the Collection

Title: Charles Sloane Cadogan, Earl Cadogan, Papers
Dates (inclusive): 1763-1767
Collection Number: mssHM 76788-76848
Creator: Cadogan, Charles Sloane Cadogan, Earl, 1728-1807.
Extent: 61 pieces in 1 box
Repository: The Huntington Library, Art Collections, and Botanical Gardens. Manuscripts Department
1151 Oxford Road
San Marino, California 91108
Phone: (626) 405-2129
Email: reference@huntington.org
URL: http://www.huntington.org
Abstract: The core of this small collection consists of letters addressed to British politician Charles Sloane Cadogan (1728-1807), treasurer to Prince Edward Augustus (1739-1767), reporting or justifying various expenditures made during the Prince’s European travels between 1763 and 1767.
Language: English.

Access

Open to qualified researchers by prior application through the Reader Services Department. For more information, contact Reader Services.

Administrative Information

Publication Rights

The Huntington Library does not require that researchers request permission to quote from or publish images of this material, nor does it charge fees for such activities. The responsibility for identifying the copyright holder, if there is one, and obtaining necessary permissions rests with the researcher.

Preferred Citation

[Identification of item]. Charles Sloane Cadogan, Earl Cadogan, Papers, The Huntington Library, San Marino, California.

Provenance

Purchased from John Hart Rare Books of Binham, Norfolk, in November 2011.

Biographical Note

Charles Sloane Cadogan (1728-1807), son of the 2nd Baron Cadogan and Whig Member of Parliament for Cambridge, was appointed in 1756 to be Keeper of the Privy Purse and subsequently Treasurer to Prince Edward Augustus (1739-1767), Duke of York and Albany, the next younger brother of King George III. Based in London, Cadogan authorized disbursements made by and on behalf of the Prince and his attendants during their Italian tour in 1763-1764, during a trip to Hanover and to visit his sister the Princess Augusta, Duchess of Brunswick, in 1765, and on the Prince’s final, fatal trip to France and Monaco in 1767. (Edward Augustus died of a “miliary fever” in Monaco on September 17, 1767). In August 1766 the Prince, as Lieutenant of the Forest of Windsor, had appointed Cadogan to the office of Deputy Lieutenant. Cadogan succeeded his father as the 3rd Baron Cadogan in 1776 and was created Viscount Chelsea and Earl Cadogan in 1800.

Bibliography

“Edward Augustus, Prince, duke of York and Albany (1739-1767)” Oxford Dictionary of National Biography.
Ingamells, John. A Dictionary of British and Irish Travellers in Italy, 1701-1800. (New Haven and London, Yale University Press for the Paul Mellon Centre, 1997).
Sainty, J. C. and R. O. Bucholz (comps.) Office Holders in Modern Britain. XI-XII. Officials of the Royal Household, 1660-1837 (London: University of London, Institute of Historical Research, 1977-1978).

Scope and Content

The core of this small collection consists of letters addressed to Cadogan reporting or justifying various expenditures made during the Prince’s European travels between 1763 and 1767. The chief correspondents are Edward Augustus himself (9 letters), his Groom of the Bedchamber Colonel (later General) Henry St. John of Rockley, Wiltshire (32 letters), his Master of the Horse Colonel Sir William Boothby, Baronet, of Ashbourne Hall, Derbyshire (10 letters), his equerry Colonel George Morrison (2 letters), and his younger brother Prince William Henry, Duke of Gloucester (1 letter only).
There are passing references to travel plans, people met, and social entertainments attended, but little descriptive or other substantive comment about the pasing countryside or individual cities. The overall impression given is one of a small, informal, extravagant, and pleasure-loving royal party, well entertained by social events given in their honor, by romantic encounters with local ladies, and in one instance at least (when dining with the Duc de Villars in 1767) by homosexual propositions. Only Morrison's two letters from September 1767 can be considered descriptive travel accounts in the conventional sense. St. John provides much detail about the Prince's final illness and death and the mourning ceremonies in Monaco. Boothby and the Prince occasionally send directions concerning horses in England. In most cases the amounts of reported expenditures are summary totals only, with very few specific expenses explained. The Prince and his attendants constantly complained of their limited allowance from King and Parliament and pressed Cadogan to obtain an increase in the royal stipend.

Arrangement

The collection is arranged in chronological order.

Indexing Terms

The following terms have been used to index the description of this collection in the Huntington Library's Online Catalog.  

Subjects

Cadogan, Charles Sloane, Earl, 1728-1807 -- Archives.
Edward Augustus, Prince, Duke of York and Albany, 1739-1767.
Villars, Honore-Armand, Duc de, 1702-1770.
Death.
Grand Tour (Education)
Kings and rulers -- Death and burial.
Princes -- Great Britain.
Sweating sickness -- Sources.
Braunschweig (Germany) -- Description and travel.
France -- Description and travel.
Great Britain -- History -- 18th century -- Sources.
Italy -- Description and travel.
Monaco -- Description and travel.

Forms/Genres

Letters (correspondence) -- Great Britain -- 18th century.
Manuscripts -- Great Britain -- 18th century.

Additional Contributors

Barazzi, Francis, active 1760-1780, correspondent.
Boothby, William, Sir, Baronet, 1721-1787, correspondent.
Lambert, John, Sir, 1690-1772, correspondent.
Legrand, Edward, active 1730-1767, correspondent.
Morrison, George, 1704?-1799, correspondent.
St. John, Henry, 1738-1818, correspondent.
William Henry, Prince, Duke of Gloucester, 1743-1805, correspondent.


Collection Contents

Box 1

Correspondence and Documents

 

1763, Oct. 16. Marfa (Portugal). St. John, Henry, 1738-1818. Letter to Charles Sloane Cadogan, Earl Cadogan. HM 76814

 

1763, Oct. 23. Lisbon. St. John, Henry, 1738-1818. Letter to Charles Sloane Cadogan, Earl Cadogan. HM 76815

 

1763. Nov. 4. Gibraltar. St. John, Henry, 1738-1818. Letter to Charles Sloane Cadogan, Earl Cadogan. HM 76816

 

1763, Dec. 2. Genoa. St. John, Henry, 1738-1818. Letter to Charles Sloane Cadogan, Earl Cadogan. HM 76817

 

1763, Dec. 17. Genoa. Boothby, Sir William, Bart., 1721-1787. Letter to Charles Sloane Cadogan, Earl Cadogan HM 76789

 

1763, Dec. 17. Genoa. St. John, Henry, 1738-1818. Letter to Charles Sloane Cadogan, Earl Cadogan. HM 76818

 

1764, Jan. 7. Genoa. Boothby, Sir William, Bart., 1721-1787. Letter to Charles Sloane Cadogan, Earl Cadogan. HM 76790

 

1764, Feb. 4. Genoa. Boothby, Sir William, Bart., 1721-1787. Letter to Charles Sloane Cadogan, Earl Cadogan. HM 76791

 

1764, Feb. 14. Turin. Boothby, Sir William, Bart., 1721-1787. Letter to Charles Sloane Cadogan, Earl Cadogan. HM 76792

 

1764, Feb. 20. Turin. Boothby,Sir William, Bart., 1721-1787. Letter to Charles Sloane Cadogan, Earl Cadogan. HM 76793

 

1764, Mar. 3. Turin. Boothby, Sir William, Bart., 1721-1787. Letter to Charles Sloane Cadogan, Earl Cadogan. HM 776794

 

1764, Mar. 9. Milan. St. John, Henry, 1738-1818. Letter to Charles Sloane Cadogan, Earl Cadogan. HM  76819

 

1764, Mar. 24. Florence. Edward Augustus, Prince, Duke of York & Albany, 1739-1767. Letter to Charles Sloane Cadogan, Earl Cadogan. HM 76799

 

1764, Mar. 24. Florence. Edward Augustus, Prince, Duke of York & Albany, 1739-1767. Letter to Charles Sloane Cadogan, Earl Cadogan. HM 76800

 

1764, Mar. 27. Florence. St. John, Henry, 1738-1818. Letter to Charles Sloane Cadogan, Earl Cadogan. HM 76820

 

1764, Apr. 7. Rome. Barazzi, Francis, fl. 1760-1780. Letter to Charles Sloane Cadogan, Earl Cadogan. HM 76788

 

1764, Apr. 10. Florence. St. John, Henry, 1738-1818. Letter to Charles Sloane Cadogan, Earl Cadogan. HM 76821

 

1764, Apr. 28. Rome. Boothby, William, Sir., Bart., 1721-1787. Letter to Charles Sloane Cadogan, Earl Cadogan. HM 76795

 

1764, May 4. Florence. Edward Augustus, Prince, Duke of York & Albany, 1739-1767. To Charles Sloane Cadogan, Earl Cadogan. HM 76801

 

1764, May 15. Bologna. St. John, Henry, 1738-1818. Letter to Charles Sloane Cadogan, Earl Cadogan. HM 76822

 

1764, May 20. Parma. Boothby, Sir William, Bart., 1721-1787. Letter to Charles Sloane Cadogan, Earl Cadogan. HM 76796

 

1764, June 6. Venice. St. John, Henry, 1738-1818. Letter to Charles Sloane Cadogan, Earl Cadogan. HM 76823

 

1764, June 15. Venice. Boothby, Sir William, Bart., 1721-1787. Letter to Charles Sloane Cadogan, Earl Cadogan. HM 76797

 

1764, June 20. Parma. St. John, Henry, 1738-1818. Letter to Charles Sloane Cadogan, Earl Cadogan. HM 76824

 

1764, July 6. Milan. St. John, Henry, 1738-1818. Letter to Charles Sloane Cadogan, Earl Cadogan. HM 76825

 

1764, July 12. Turin. Boothby,Sir William, Bart., 1721-1787. Letter to Charles Sloane Cadogan, Earl Cadogan. HM 76798

 

1764, July 21. Turin. St. John, Henry, 1738-1818. Letter to Charles Sloane Cadogan, Earl Cadogan. HM 76826

 

1764, Aug. 4. Genoa. St. John, Henry, 1738-1818. Letter to Charles Sloane Cadogan, Earl Cadogan. HM 76827

 

1764, Aug. 6. Genoa. St. John, Henry, 1738-1818. Letter to Charles Sloane Cadogan, Earl Cadogan. HM 76828

 

1764, Aug. 9. Genoa. Edward Augustus, Prince, Duke of York & Albany, 1739-1767. Letter to Charles Sloane Cadogan, Earl Cadogan. HM 76802

 

1764, Aug. 11. Genoa. St. John, Henry, 1738-1818. Letter to Charles Sloane Cadogan, Earl Cadogan. HM 76829

 

1764, Aug. 20. London. William Henry, Prince, Duke of Gloucester, 1743-1805. To Charles Sloane Cadogan, Earl Cadogan. HM 76846

 

1765, June 18. The Hague. Edward Augustus, Prince, Duke of York & Albany, 1739-1767. Letter to Charles Sloane Cadogan, Earl Cadogan. HM 76803

 

1765, June 18. The Hague. St. John, Henry, 1738-1818. Letter to Charles Sloane Cadogan, Earl Cadogan. HM 76830

 

1765, June 24. Utrecht. St. John, Henry, 1738-1818. Letter to Charles Sloane Cadogan, Earl Cadogan. HM 76831

 

1765, July 7. Brunswick (Germany). St. John, Henry, 1738-1818. Letter to Charles Sloane Cadogan, Earl Cadogan. HM 76832

 

1765, July 23. Berlin. St. John, Henry, 1738-1818. Letter to Charles Sloane Cadogan, Earl Cadogan. HM 76833

 

1765, Aug. 8. Berlin. St. John, Henry, 1738-1818. Letter to Charles Sloane Cadogan, Earl Cadogan. HM 76834

 

1766, Aug. 7. Edward Augustus, Prince, Duke of York & Albany, 1739-1767. To Charles Sloane Cadogan, Earl Cadogan: Appointment to the office of Deputy Lieutenant of the Forest of Windsor. HM 76804

 

1767, July 16. Soissons (France). St. John, Henry, 1738-1818. Letter to Charles Sloane Cadogan, Earl Cadogan. HM 76835

 

1767, July 30. Compiegne (France). Edward Augustus, Prince, Duke of York & Albany, 1739-1767. Letter to Charles Sloane Cadogan, Earl Cadogan, HM 76805

 

1767, July 30. Villers Cotterets (France). St. John, Henry, 1738-1818. Letter to Charles Sloane Cadogan, Earl Cadogan. HM 76836

 

1767, Aug. 5. Parais. St. John, Henry, 1738-1818. Letter to Charles Sloane Cadogan, Earl Cadogan. HM 76837

 

1767, Aug. 14. Orleans (France). St. John, Henry, 1738-1818. Letter to Charles Sloane Cadogan, Earl Cadogan. HM 76838

 

1767, Aug. 20. Bordeaux. Edward Augustus, Prince, Duke of York & Albany, 1739-1767. Letter to Charles Sloane Cadogan, Earl Cadogan. HM 76806

 

1767, Aug. 28. Aix-en-Provence (France). Edward Augustus, Prince, Duke of York & Albany, 1739- 1767. Letter to Charles Sloane Cadogan, Earl Cadogan. HM 76807

 

1767, Aug. 28. Aix-en-Provence (France). St. John, Henry, 1738-1818. Letter to Charles Sloane Cadogan, Earl Cadogan. HM 76839

 

1767, Sep. 3. Paris. Lambert, Sir John, 1690-1772? L:etter to Charles Sloane Cadogan, Earl Cadogan, HM 76809

 

1767, Sep. 6. Monaco. Morrison, George, 1704?-1799. Letter to Charles Sloane Cadogan, Earl Cadogan. HM 76812

 

1767, Sep. 7. Paris. Lambert, Sir John, 1690-1772? Letter to Charles Sloane Cadogan, Earl Cadogan, HM 76810

 

1767, Sep. 8. Monaco. St. John, Henry, 1738-1818. Letter to Charles Sloane Cadogan, Earl Cadogan. HM 76840

 

1767, Sep. 11. Monaco. St. John, Henry, 1738-1818. Letter to Charles Sloane Cadogan, Earl Cadogan. HM 76841

 

1767, Sep. 11. Monaco. St. John, Henry, 1738-1818. Letter to Charles Sloane Cadogan, Earl Cadogan. HM 76842

 

1767, Sep. 15. Monaco. St. John, Henry, 1738-1818. Letter to Charles Sloane Cadogan, Earl Cadogan. HM 76843

 

1767, Sep. 17. Monaco. St. John, Henry, 1738-1818. Letter to Charles Sloane Cadogan, Earl Cadogan. HM 76844

 

1767, Sep. 23. Nice (France). St. John, Henry, 1738-1818. Letter to Charles Sloane Cadogan, Earl Cadogan. HM 76845

 

1767, Sep. 26. London. Legrand, Edward, fl. 1730-1767). Letter to Charles Sloane Cadogan, Earl Cadogan, HM 76811

 

1767, Sep. 27. Nice (France). Morrison, George, 1704?-1799. Letter to Charles Sloane Cadogan, Earl Cadogan. HM 76813

 

1767, Sep. Monaco. Memorandum of the order of the procession carrying the body of Prince Edward Augustus from the Palace at Monaco to the English ship in the harbor. HM 76847

 

1767, Nov. 6. London. Letter to “Messieurs” from an attendant of the late Prince Edward Augustus re the transmittal of monies. In French. HM 76848

 

Before 1768, July. Cobham (Kent?). Edward Augustus, Prince, Dule of York & Albany, 1739-1767. Letter to Charles Sloane Cadogan, Earl Cadogan. HM 76808