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Charles Sloane Cadogan, Earl Cadogan, Papers: Finding Aid
mssHM 76788-76848  
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Collection Details
Table of contents What's This?
  • Overview of the Collection
  • Access
  • Administrative Information
  • Biographical Note
  • Scope and Content
  • Arrangement
  • Indexing Terms

  • Overview of the Collection

    Title: Charles Sloane Cadogan, Earl Cadogan, Papers
    Dates (inclusive): 1763-1767
    Collection Number: mssHM 76788-76848
    Creator: Cadogan, Charles Sloane Cadogan, Earl, 1728-1807.
    Extent: 61 pieces in 1 box
    Repository: The Huntington Library, Art Collections, and Botanical Gardens. Manuscripts Department
    1151 Oxford Road
    San Marino, California 91108
    Phone: (626) 405-2129
    Email: reference@huntington.org
    URL: http://www.huntington.org
    Abstract: The core of this small collection consists of letters addressed to British politician Charles Sloane Cadogan (1728-1807), treasurer to Prince Edward Augustus (1739-1767), reporting or justifying various expenditures made during the Prince’s European travels between 1763 and 1767.
    Language: English.


    Open to qualified researchers by prior application through the Reader Services Department. For more information, contact Reader Services.

    Administrative Information

    Publication Rights

    The Huntington Library does not require that researchers request permission to quote from or publish images of this material, nor does it charge fees for such activities. The responsibility for identifying the copyright holder, if there is one, and obtaining necessary permissions rests with the researcher.

    Preferred Citation

    [Identification of item]. Charles Sloane Cadogan, Earl Cadogan, Papers, The Huntington Library, San Marino, California.


    Purchased from John Hart Rare Books of Binham, Norfolk, in November 2011.

    Biographical Note

    Charles Sloane Cadogan (1728-1807), son of the 2nd Baron Cadogan and Whig Member of Parliament for Cambridge, was appointed in 1756 to be Keeper of the Privy Purse and subsequently Treasurer to Prince Edward Augustus (1739-1767), Duke of York and Albany, the next younger brother of King George III. Based in London, Cadogan authorized disbursements made by and on behalf of the Prince and his attendants during their Italian tour in 1763-1764, during a trip to Hanover and to visit his sister the Princess Augusta, Duchess of Brunswick, in 1765, and on the Prince’s final, fatal trip to France and Monaco in 1767. (Edward Augustus died of a “miliary fever” in Monaco on September 17, 1767). In August 1766 the Prince, as Lieutenant of the Forest of Windsor, had appointed Cadogan to the office of Deputy Lieutenant. Cadogan succeeded his father as the 3rd Baron Cadogan in 1776 and was created Viscount Chelsea and Earl Cadogan in 1800.


    “Edward Augustus, Prince, duke of York and Albany (1739-1767)” Oxford Dictionary of National Biography.
    Ingamells, John. A Dictionary of British and Irish Travellers in Italy, 1701-1800. (New Haven and London, Yale University Press for the Paul Mellon Centre, 1997).
    Sainty, J. C. and R. O. Bucholz (comps.) Office Holders in Modern Britain. XI-XII. Officials of the Royal Household, 1660-1837 (London: University of London, Institute of Historical Research, 1977-1978).

    Scope and Content

    The core of this small collection consists of letters addressed to Cadogan reporting or justifying various expenditures made during the Prince’s European travels between 1763 and 1767. The chief correspondents are Edward Augustus himself (9 letters), his Groom of the Bedchamber Colonel (later General) Henry St. John of Rockley, Wiltshire (32 letters), his Master of the Horse Colonel Sir William Boothby, Baronet, of Ashbourne Hall, Derbyshire (10 letters), his equerry Colonel George Morrison (2 letters), and his younger brother Prince William Henry, Duke of Gloucester (1 letter only).
    There are passing references to travel plans, people met, and social entertainments attended, but little descriptive or other substantive comment about the pasing countryside or individual cities. The overall impression given is one of a small, informal, extravagant, and pleasure-loving royal party, well entertained by social events given in their honor, by romantic encounters with local ladies, and in one instance at least (when dining with the Duc de Villars in 1767) by homosexual propositions. Only Morrison's two letters from September 1767 can be considered descriptive travel accounts in the conventional sense. St. John provides much detail about the Prince's final illness and death and the mourning ceremonies in Monaco. Boothby and the Prince occasionally send directions concerning horses in England. In most cases the amounts of reported expenditures are summary totals only, with very few specific expenses explained. The Prince and his attendants constantly complained of their limited allowance from King and Parliament and pressed Cadogan to obtain an increase in the royal stipend.


    The collection is arranged in chronological order.

    Indexing Terms

    The following terms have been used to index the description of this collection in the Huntington Library's Online Catalog.  


    Cadogan, Charles Sloane, Earl, 1728-1807 -- Archives.
    Edward Augustus, Prince, Duke of York and Albany, 1739-1767.
    Villars, Honore-Armand, Duc de, 1702-1770.
    Grand Tour (Education)
    Kings and rulers -- Death and burial.
    Princes -- Great Britain.
    Sweating sickness -- Sources.
    Braunschweig (Germany) -- Description and travel.
    France -- Description and travel.
    Great Britain -- History -- 18th century -- Sources.
    Italy -- Description and travel.
    Monaco -- Description and travel.


    Letters (correspondence) -- Great Britain -- 18th century.
    Manuscripts -- Great Britain -- 18th century.

    Additional Contributors

    Barazzi, Francis, active 1760-1780, correspondent.
    Boothby, William, Sir, Baronet, 1721-1787, correspondent.
    Lambert, John, Sir, 1690-1772, correspondent.
    Legrand, Edward, active 1730-1767, correspondent.
    Morrison, George, 1704?-1799, correspondent.
    St. John, Henry, 1738-1818, correspondent.
    William Henry, Prince, Duke of Gloucester, 1743-1805, correspondent.