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Guide to the John C. Rouillard Papers
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Collection Details
Table of contents What's This?
  • Overview of the Collection
  • Biographical Information:
  • Access Terms
  • Administrative Information
  • Arrangement of Materials:
  • Scope and Contents

  • Overview of the Collection

    Collection Title: John C. Rouillard Papers
    Dates: 1971-1983
    Identification: MS-0354
    Creator: Rouillard, John C., 1928-1983
    Physical Description: 8.76 linear ft
    Repository: Special Collections & University Archives
    5500 Campanile Dr. MC 8050
    San Diego, CA, 92182-8050
    URL: http://library.sdsu.edu/scua
    Email: scref@rohan.sdsu.edu
    Phone: 619-594-6791

    Biographical Information:

    John C. Rouillard was born on December 31, 1928 in Rapid City, South Dakota. He was a Santee Dakota Sioux, and attended the Government Indian School on the Rosebud Indian Reservation. He later attended Washington and Lee High School. After graduating, Rouillard joined the US Army of Occupation in Japan as an infantryman and bandsmen. In 1948, he left the service to begin college. He graduated from Northwestern University in 1952 with a bachelor’s in music education. Rouillard then taught music at the high school level. Six years later he received a master’s in music, also from Northwestern. In 1969, Rouillard moved to San Diego and began working as a music instructor at Helix High School. In 1971, he was asked to help with Native American education at San Diego State. He initially worked for the Equal Opportunity Program for Native Americans. In this position, he helped to increase the attendance and retention of Native American students at San Diego State by helping students obtain financial aid and tutoring assistance. A year later, Rouillard began his twelve-year tenure as the first Chair of the American Indian Studies department. He also started lecturing at Grossmont College. As chair, Rouillard developed courses in Native American music, education, language, and history. He also applied for, received, and managed numerous grants, including a National Endowment for the Humanities grant for the All-Yuman Applied Workshop in Language and Culture; as well as a California Council for the Humanities grant in Public Policy, Treaty Rights, and Sovereignty Forum.
    In addition to his work at San Diego State, Rouillard was active in numerous professional organizations, and served on various commissions, committees, and boards. He worked as a consultant to the Bureau of Indian Affairs; and was active in the National Indian Education Association (NIEA), the National Congress of American Indians, the National Interdisciplinary Ethnic Studies Association, and the California Indian Education Association (CIEA). President Jimmy Carter also appointed Rouillard to a three-year term on the National Advisory Council on Indian Education (NACIE) in 1979.
    Rouillard passed away in 1983.

    Access Terms

    This collection is indexed under the following controlled access subject terms.

    Corporate Name:

    San Diego State University. Dept. of American Indian Studies
    United States. National Advisory Council on Indian Education

    Topical Term:

    American Indian studies
    Indian educators -- San Diego

    Administrative Information

    Conditions Governing Use:

    The copyright interests in these materials have not been transferred to San Diego State University. Copyright resides with the creators of materials contained in the collection or their heirs. The nature of historical archival and manuscript collections is such that copyright status may be difficult or even impossible to determine.  Requests for permission to publish must be submitted to the Head of Special Collections, San Diego State University, Library and Information Access. When granted, permission is given on behalf of Special Collections as the owner of the physical item and is not intended to include or imply permission of the copyright holder(s), which must also be obtained in order to publish. Materials from our collections are made available for use in research, teaching, and private study. The user must assume full responsibility for any use of the materials, including but not limited to, infringement of copyright and publication rights of reproduced materials.

    Conditions Governing Access:

    This collection is open for research.

    Preferred Citation:

    Identification of item, folder title, box number, John C. Rouillard Papers, Special Collections and University Archives, Library and Information Access, San Diego State University.

    Related Materials:

    Chicano and Chicana Studies Department Records

    Arrangement of Materials:

    I. General Files, 1971-1983
    II. Study Files, 1976-1981
    III. Organizational Files, 1972-1982
    1. California Indian Education Association (CIEA) Files, 1972-1978
    2. California Postsecondary Education Commission Files, 1975-1979
    3. Coalition of Indian-Controlled Schools Board Files, 1976-1977
    4. Commission for Teacher Preparation and Licensing Files, 1971-1973
    5. Indian Policy Review Commission Files, 1976
    6. National Advisory Council on Indian Education (NACIE) Files, 1979-1982
    7. National Indian Education Association (NIEA) Files, 1978-1981
    8. San Diego City Schools Community Advisory Committee Files, 1978

    Scope and Contents

    The John C. Rouillard Papers document Rouillard’s tenure with the American Indian Studies department, as well as his participation in and involvement with numerous Native American organizations, councils, and committees.  The collection includes correspondence, lectures, notes, memorandums, reports, studies, conference material, and proposals.  The majority of the material focuses on Rouillard’s membership in various organizations regarding Native American education.  The collection is divided into three series: General Files, Study Files, and Organizational Files.
    The General Files (1971-1983) document Rouillard’s academic interests and activities while serving as chair of the American Indian Studies department.  Of particular interest are the lectures in Rouillard’s "personal file" that include information about the creation of the department, as well as Rouillad’s philosophies and techniques pertaining to Native American education.  Arranged alphabetically, this series also includes correspondence, conference materials, memorandums, notes, manuscripts, and reports.
    The Study Files (1976-1981) document Rouillard’s participation in several studies related to his work and the development of Native American education.  These studies include correspondence, court briefs, minutes, agendas, hearings, reports, memorandums, and position papers. This series is arranged alphabetically by study title.  Of particular interest are the disease and health care statistics for Native Americans in the feasibility study for a Native American medical school.
    The Organizational Files (1972-1982) document Rouillard’s membership and activities with various Native American-related organizations, commissions, councils, and boards during the 1970s.  The series includes meeting minutes, reports, correspondence, and memorandums.  The series is divided into eight sub-series:  California Indian Education Association Files (1972-1978), the California Postsecondary Education Commission Files (1975-1979), the Coalition of Indian-Controlled Schools Board Files (1976-1977), the Commission for Teacher Preparation and Licensing Files (1971-1973), the Indian Policy Review Commission Files (1976), the National Advisory Council on Indian Education Files (1979-1982), the National Indian Education Association Files (1979-1981), and the San Diego City Schools Community Advisory Committee Files (1978).  Of note are the Community Advisory Committee files, which include cultural elementary school lesson plans dating from the late 1970s.  Committee members were tasked with editing, commenting, and making recommendations for these plans.