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Sacramento County (Calif.) Justice Court records
CNTY0017  
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Description
The collection is made up of Justice Court records from Sacramento County. They cover specific cities and townships, including Sacramento, American, Brighton, Folsom, Franklin, Granite, Natoma (included Folsom and Mormon Island), and San Joaquin. Material is specific to Sacramento unless otherwise identified by another township.
Background
The California State Constitution of 1850 created the Justice Courts as part of the Court of Sessions. Under this act, there were to be two justices of the peace in each county. Jurisdiction in civil cases was limited to the township from which the justice of the peace was elected, and included recovery of money under contracts of $200 or less, actions for foreclosures of any mortgage or personal property or enforcement of a lien of $200 or less, actions for damages of $200 or less, and actions for recovery of specific property of less than $200 value. Criminal jurisdiction included examination and commitment of persons charged with crimes, issuance of writs and processes, and setting of bail. Under the State Constitution of 1879, when the Superior Court system was created, the duties of the Justice Court remained basically the same.
Extent
14.25 Linear Feet (1 record carton, 1 manuscript box, 77 ledgers)