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Guide to the Women's Ambulance and Transportation Corps Collection MS 66
MS 66  
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Collection Overview
 
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Description
This collection contains correspondence, newspaper articles, and other records of the Women’s Ambulance and Transportation Corps, a military-trained civilian organization operating in San Diego during World War II.
Background
The Women’s Ambulance and Transportation Corps was founded by Colonel Julia Dowell in May of 1940. Dowell was the commander in chief, and records show that the WATC was gathering volunteers to provide aid in conjunction with other organizations such as the American Red Cross. The organization was trained by professional military, including first aid procedures, swimming instruction, infantry drill, ambulance driving, mechanics, rifle and pistol practice, gas mask use, chemical warfare, and aviation and parachute skills. By September of 1940, there were roughly 250 women enlisted, and by March of 1941 there was a Los Angeles branch. The organization became incorporated in January of 1942. The requirements to join were that the women be 18-45 years of age, US citizens, white, of sound health, and able to devote two nights a week to training.
Extent
0.25 Linear feet (1 box)
Restrictions
The San Diego History Center (SDHC) holds the copyright to any unpublished materials. SDHC Library regulations do apply.
Availability
This collection is open for research.