Mr. Leonard served as counsel for the
International Longshore and Warehouse Union through several phases of labor disagreements
including such issues as civil rights, racial discrimination, hiring and registration
disputes, and management's unfair labor practices. The files of Leonard and Carder consist
of legal cases brought before the court by their firm over the period 1951 to 1983. The
documents found within the collection substantiate the process of labor arbitrations through
National Labor Relation Board hearings, state and federal court cases and within the ILWU
Norman Leonard was born in New York City on 27 February 1914. As a young man he moved with
his family to Los Angeles, where he was graduated from UCLA in 1934. He later obtained an MA
(1935) and an LL.B. (1938) from Columbia University. Leonard was first employed as a lawyer
by the firm of Gladstein, Grossman and Margolis, which represented waterfront and other
labor unions in San Francisco. During the McCarthy era the law firm also represented
political dissidents, including members of the Communist Party. Mr. Leonard practiced law
continuously until 1986, with the exception of his US naval service during World War II.
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