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University of California Agricultural Cooperative Extension, San Joaquin County, Collection
Ms82  
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Collection Details
 
Table of contents What's This?
  • General
  • Conditions Governing Access
  • Conditions Governing Use
  • Preferred Citation
  • Related Materials
  • Historical Sketch
  • Scope and Content
  • Separated Materials
  • Processing Information

  • Contributing Institution: University of California, Merced Library
    Title: University of California Agricultural Cooperative Extension, San Joaquin County, Collection
    Identifier/Call Number: Ms82
    Physical Description: 11.3 linear feet
    Date (inclusive): 1914-1994
    Date (bulk): 1914-1952
    Date (inclusive): 1924-1967 (Ms39)
    Date (inclusive): 1924-1967 (Ms39)
    Physical Location: Erickson Vault, San Joaquin Historical Society and Museum Nitrate Negatives are stored at the UC Cooperative Extension Archive, University of California Merced Library.
    Abstract: This collection documents the history of the University of California Agricultural Cooperative Extension in San Joaquin County from 1914 to 1994. It affords insights not only into the relationship between the U.S. government, the University of California, and San Joaquin County farmers, but also into the course of local agriculture during the first half of the twentieth century. Also of note is material related to the history of the U.C. Agricultural Cooperative Extension Service throughout California, related legislative issues, and the history of the San Joaquin County Farm Bureau. The collection includes staff reports written yearly, monthly, and weekly; descriptions of projects and experiments; administrative files; published research; and photographs of staff members, projects, experiments, technologies, educational programs, and farm animals.
    Language of Material: Records written in English

    General

    Processed by:
    Leigh Johnsen
    Date Completed:
    2012
    Encoded by:
    Leigh Johnsen

    Conditions Governing Access

    Collection is open for research by appointment at the San Joaquin County Historical Society and Museum, Lodi, California.

    Conditions Governing Use

    This collection is intended to support teaching, research, and private study. Copyright belongs to the Regents of the University of California. Use of the materials beyond that allowed by fair use or by any Creative Commons licenses assigned requires the written permission of the copyright owner(s). For further information, please contact the University of California, Merced Library at library@ucmerced.edu.

    Preferred Citation

    Preferred citation: [Item name], University of California Agricultural Cooperative Extension, San Joaquin County, Collection, Ms82, San Joaquin County Historical Society and Museum, Lodi, California.

    Related Materials

    John P. Underhill Collection, 1924-1967 (Ms39) San Joaquin County Historical Society and Museum, Lodi, California.
    UC Cooperative Extension Archive, University of California Merced Library.

    Historical Sketch

    At the turn of the previous century, growing concern over the quality of life for rural Americans prompted President Theodore Roosevelt to appoint a Commission on Country Life in 1908. One of the direct outcomes of the Commission's recommendations was the passage of the Smith-Lever Act in 1914, which established a national extension service to place the knowledge generated at land-grant universities into the hands of farmers and rural citizens. The Agricultural Extension Service formalized and built upon existing efforts of land-grant universities to enhance the knowledge of farmers and apply scientific discoveries for improved agricultural practices. Beginning in 1913, the Agriculture Extension Service, later known as UC Cooperative Extension, placed farm advisors employed by the University of California in every county that formed a Farm Bureau and agreed to sponsor Extension Service work. While arrangements have evolved, advisors continue to work in all California counties today and address problems ranging from soil conditions and land reclamation to irrigation; from livestock breeding to improved varietals; and from mechanization to disease and pest management, to enable farms to increase efficiency and productivity.
    In June of 1914, the first representative from the U.C. Agricultural Cooperative Extension set up residence in San Joaquin County. The program grew over the next half century, not only in the size of its staff and breadth of services, but also in popularity and the extent of its involvement in rural San Joaquin County. Activities of the advisors included troubleshooting diseases of plants and animals, conducting information sessions, demonstrating new farming techniques, engaging in experiments, offering advice for housekeepers, educating young people, and sponsoring summer retreats. The program proved crucial during World Wars I and II, not only for successful efforts to coordinate increased agricultural production, but also for the role it played in addressing labor shortages.

    Scope and Content

    The University of California Cooperative Agricultural Extension Papers for San Joaquin County span the years 1914 to 1994. The collection is arranged in six series: 1. Staff Reports, 2. Project Descriptions and Proposals, 3. World War II Initiatives, 4. Administrative Files, 5. Reference Material, and 6. Photographs. The bulk of the collection documents roughly fifty years of involvement by representatives from the University of California Agricultural Cooperative Extension in one of the state's major farming counties. They afford glimpses into the U.C. Agricultural Cooperative Extension itself, as well as rural society; agricultural practies, education, and technology; plant and animal diseases; building construction; labor; household management; and public administration.

    Separated Materials

    Nitrate negatives are stored in the film freezer at the University of California, Merced Library as part of the UC Cooperative Extension Archive.

    Processing Information

    This collections was digitized in partnership with the University of California, Merced's UC Cooperative Extension Archive and was funded in part by a National Historical Publications and Records Commission (NHPRC) Major Initiatives Grant (RM-100281) awarded to the University of California, Merced Library.

    Subjects and Indexing Terms

    Agriculture--California--San Joaquin County--History
    Farm Bureau (San Joaquin County, Calif.)
    4-H clubs--California--History
    San Joaquin County (Calif.)--History
    San Joaquin County Fair--History
    University of California (1868-1952)--History
    University of California Agricultural Extension Service. San Joaquin County (Calif.). Farm and Home Advisors Office.