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Descriptive Finding Guide for the Philip R. Babcock Papers SDASM.SC.10010-O/S
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Collection Details
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  • Conditions Governing Access note
  • Conditions Governing Use note
  • Preferred Citation note
  • Immediate Source of Acquisition note
  • Biographical/Historical note
  • Scope and Contents note

  • Title: Philip R. Babcock Personal Papers
    Identifier/Call Number: SDASM.SC.10010-O/S
    Contributing Institution: San Diego Air and Space Museum Library and Archives
    Language of Material: English
    Physical Description: 1.5 Cubic feet Three boxes, two 12” X 5” X 15” and a third 22” X 2” X 18”,
    Date (inclusive): 1893-1977
    Abstract: Philip Babcock served with the 88th Aero Squadron in the First World War. This Collection documents his life and the history of the squadron.

    Conditions Governing Access note

    The collection is open to researchers by appointment.

    Conditions Governing Use note

    Some copyright may be reserved. Consult with the library director for more information.

    Preferred Citation note

    [Item], [Filing Unit], [Series Title], [Subgroups], [Record Group Title and Number], [Repository “San Diego Air & Space Museum Library & Archives”]

    Immediate Source of Acquisition note

    The materials in this collection were given to the San Diego Air and Space Museum.

    Biographical/Historical note

    Philip Babcock served in the 88th Aero Squadron during World War I, doubling as the group’s unofficial historian. He was awarded the Distinguished Service Cross and Silver Star Citation for his achievements.
    Philip Rodney Babcock was born on August 12, 1893 in Lynn, Massachusetts to his parents Fredric and Susan Babcock. After graduating high school in Lynn, he attended Massachusetts Agricultural College of Amherst in 1916. The following year Philip entered the U.S. Service and began officer training on June 17, 1917 at Camp Plattsburg. Afterwards, he was sent to the Aviation Ground School at Massachusetts Institute of Technology. After his training, he was enlisted as a flight student in Kelly Field, Texas, but was soon promoted to captain. On August 18, 1917, Philip and the 88th Aero Squadron were deployed from Kelly Field, to Paris, France. Philip Babcock personally fought in battles of Champagne, Verdun Sector, and St. Mihiel. He successfully received all photographic documents he was sent for nearby Squadrons. He was awarded the Distinguished Service Cross and Silver Star Citation while stationed in France for his achievements, including shooting down two German planes. He married Theo E. Jagues (daughter of Allon and Carrie Jagues) and passed away October 1977 in Massachusetts.
    The 88th Aero Squadron was a part of United States Third Army. The 88th was a photo reconnaissance, observation, and intelligence gathering squadron whose work was distributed to other squadrons stationed on the Western Front. While stationed in France, the 88th Aero Squadron assisted in battle of Champagne and St. Mihiel. While Philip was in France, he assisted creating flight paths and bombing routes. Most importantly, perhaps, he served as a historian for the squadron and recorded flight times, battles, and any other traffic through the squadron.

    Scope and Contents note

    Three boxes, two 12” X 5” X 15” and a third 22” X 2” X 18”, containing a variety of documents, books, and artifacts from Philip Babcock and his journey in WWI. From this collection, Philip kept a book of the 88th Aero Squadron he was a part of, documenting the squadron’s role in the war. He also kept the original map he used to plan all his crews flights.

    Subjects and Indexing Terms

    Babcock, Philip R., 1893-1977
    United States. Army. Air Service. Aero Squadron, 88th.
    United States. Army. Air Corps. Advanced Flying School (Kelly Field, Tex.)
    World War, 1914-1918