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Finding Aid for Middle Eastern and North African Portraits, circa 1860-circa 1889
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Collection Details
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  • Descriptive Summary
  • Biographical/Historical Note
  • Administrative Information
  • Scope and Content of Collection
  • Indexing Terms

  • Descriptive Summary

    Title: Middle Eastern and North African Portraits
    Date (inclusive): circa 1860-circa 1889
    Number: 93.R.31
    Physical Description: 21.0 photographic prints
    The Getty Research Institute
    Special Collections
    1200 Getty Center Drive, Suite 1100
    Los Angeles, California, 90049-1688
    (310) 440-7390
    Abstract: Studio portraits or other posed shots of indigenous Middle Eastern and North African individuals, produced for a European audience.
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    Language: Collection material is in French

    Biographical/Historical Note

    The photographs in this collection were taken in the Middle East and North Africa by various photographers, known and unknown, between the 1860s and 1880s.

    Administrative Information


    Open for use by qualified researchers.

    Publication Rights

    Preferred Citation

    Middle Eastern and North African portraits, circa 1860-circa 1889, Getty Research Institute, Research Library, Accession no. 93.R.31

    Acquisition Information

    Acquired in 1993.

    Processing History

    Processed and cataloged by Beth Guynn; finding aid encoded by Holly Larson with grant funding from the Council on Library and Information Resources (CLIR).

    Scope and Content of Collection

    Subjects of these albumen prints include women in native costume (including a Jewish woman and a Greek woman); native types and trades (porters, a grocer, Arab theologians, musicians and dancers); and genre scenes (checkers players, Arab café, interior courtyard). The countries represented by these images include Algeria, Egypt, Syria, and Tunisia.
    Photographers are identified for 12 of the photographs: Sébah (4); Arnoux (2); Bonfils (2); H. Béchard (1); Hammerschmidt (1); Lékégian (1); Zangaki (1). Nine images are by unidentified photographers. Most prints are unmounted. Captions are transcribed as they appear in negative or on verso, as indicated.


    No discernible original order; arranged by cataloger. Grouped by photographer.

    Indexing Terms

    Subjects - Topics

    Clothing and dress--Africa, North
    Clothing and dress--Middle East
    Indigenous peoples--Africa, North--Portraits
    Indigenous peoples--Middle East--Portraits
    Occupations--Africa, North
    Occupations--Middle East

    Genres and Forms of Material

    Albumen prints--1860-1889
    Albumen prints--Africa, North--1860-1889
    Albumen prints--Middle East--1860-1889
    Photographs, Original--19th century
    Studio portraits--19th century
    Studio portraits--Africa, North--19th century
    Studio portraits--Middle East--19th century


    Arnoux, Hippolyte
    Bonfils, Félix, 1831-1885
    Béchard, Henri
    Hammerschmidt, W., d. 1869
    Lékégian, G.
    Sébah, J. Pascal
    Zangaki, Constantin