Finding aid for Martinique: vues & types, 1870s-1880s

Beth Ann Guynn


Descriptive Summary

Title: Martinique: vues & types
Date (inclusive): 1870s-1880s
Number: 95.R.97
Physical Description: 1.5 Linear Feet (69 photographs in 1 album)
Repository:
The Getty Research Institute
Special Collections
1200 Getty Center Drive, Suite 1100
Los Angeles 90049-1688
reference@getty.edu
URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10020/askref
(310) 440-7390
Abstract: The album of 69 photographs taken by an unidentified photographer(s) contains views of Martinique and studio portraits of the island's inhabitants.
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Language: Collection material is in French .

Biographical Note

The album was likely produced by one of the early photographers working in Martinique.
Sources consulted:
Garcia, Claire Oberon. "My first visit to 'Le Pays des Revenants': Color, Caste, and Class in Martinque: Then and…?" https://sites.coloradocollege.edu/martinique/2011/07/21/79/
Northrup, David. "Indentured Indians in the French Antilles. Les immigrants indiens engagés aux Antilles françaises," Outre-Mers: Revue d'histoire, Année 2000: 245-271.

Administrative Information

Publication Rights

Preferred Citation

Martinique: vues & types, 1870s-1880s, The Getty Research Institute, Los Angeles, Accession no. 95.R.97.
http://hdl.handle.net/10020/cifa95r97

Immediate Source of Acquisition

Acquired in 1995.

Processing Information

Beth Ann Guynn wrote the finding aid in 2021.

Digitized Material

The collection was digitized by the repository in 2021 and the images are available online:
http://hdl.handle.net/10020/95r97

Scope and Content of Collection

The album contains 69 albumen photographs of Martinique by an unidentified maker(s) including 24 large format and 25 carte-de-visite size views of Fort-de-France, Balata, St. Pierre, and environs; three large format portraits; and 17 carte-de-visite size studio portraits. One of the large photographs depicts a group of East Indian immigrants, likely recruited to the island as indentured laborers; the other two are studio portraits of a multiracial woman and a Congolese man respectively. Slavery was abolished in Martinique in 1848. Lacking a labor force French coffee and sugar planters first looked to coastal western Africa where they purchased enslaved persons, emancipated them, and then signed them into long-term contracts to work in Martinique. This practice was quickly viewed as enslavement in another guise, and the planters then looked to East India for laborers.
The album is half bound in dark red leather with pebbled boards. The title is debossed on the front cover.
Titles for most of the individual photographs are from the French captions written on the mounts below the images. Consequently, some of the language used to describe Black persons in the titles, such as négresses and mulâtresses (negro women and mulatto women), are now considered to be outdated, racist, or offensive. Fifteen of the carte-de-visite size portraits depict women of color. Grouped on two pages and collectively captioned as representing racial types, these images extend the 1860s and 1870s craze of collecting cartes-de-visite of one's friends, family, heads of state, and other celebrities to the collecting of exoticized and objectified unnamed women. Since the names of the sitters are unknown descriptive titles for their portraits were devised by the archivist.

Arrangement

Arranged in a single series: Series I. Martinique: vues & types, 1870s-1880s.

Indexing Terms

Subjects - Topics

Indentured servants -- Martinique
Blacks -- Martinique -- Portraits

Subjects - Places

Martinique -- Description and travel
France -- Colonies -- America

Genres and Forms of Material

Albumen prints -- Martinique -- 19th century
Photograph albums -- Martinique -- 19th century
Group portraits -- Martinique -- 19th century
Studio portraits -- Martinique -- 19th century
Photographs, Original.


 

Series I. Martinique: vues & types, 1870s-1880s

Martinique: vues & types, [1870s-1880s] (digitized version)

Arrangement

In original order.
box 1, Item Front cover

95.R.97-fc Front cover

box 1, Page Free endpapers

95.R.97-fe Front endpapers

box 1, page Free front endpaper verso

95.R.97-fev Verso of free front endpaper

box 1, page 1 recto

95.R.97-1r Rue du Gouvernement à Fort-de-France

box 1, page 2 recto

95.R.97-2r Rivière Levassor

box 1, page 3 recto

95.R.97-3r Chantier des transatlantiques

box 1, page 4 recto

95.R.97-4r Rade de St. Pierre

box 1, page 5 recto

95.R.97-5r Le Calvaire (Fort-de-France)

box 1, page 6 recto

95.R.97-6r Camp de Balata, logement du colonel (environs de Fort-de-France)

box 1, page 7 recto

95.R.97-7r Pitons Didier, établissement thermal (environs de Fort-de-France)

box 1, page 8 recto

95.R.97-8r Camp de Balata, logement du gouverneur (environs de Fort-de-France)

box 1, page 9 recto

95.R.97-9r Pitons Absalon, établissement thermal

Scope and Content Note

Caption continues: (environs de Fort-de-France).
box 1, page 10 recto

95.R.97-10r Fort-de-France: Baie des Flamands

box 1, page 11 recto

95.R.97-11r Savanne de Fort-de-France: Statue de l'impératrix Joséphine

box 1, page 12 recto

95.R.97-12r Rade de St. Pierre

box 1, page 13 recto

95.R.97-13r Jardin du gouvernement à Fort-de-France: Arbre du voyageur

box 1, page 14 recto

95.R.97-14r Jardin du gouvernement (Fort-de-France)

box 1, page 15 recto

95.R.97-15r Pitons Absalon, établissement thermal

Scope and Content Note

Caption continues: (environs de Fort-de-France).
box 1, page 16 recto

95.R.97-16r Pitons Absalon, maison de bains

box 1, page 17 recto

95.R.97-17r Rivière Madame à Fort-de-France

box 1, page 18 recto

95.R.97-18r Rivière Madame

box 1, page 19 recto

95.R.97-19r Bassin de radoub (Fort-de-France)

box 1, page 20 recto

95.R.97-20r Bassin de radoub - 2e vue

box 1, page 21 recto

95.R.97-21r Place Bertin à S. Pierre

box 1, page 22 recto

95.R.97-22r Touffe de bambous

box 1, page 23 recto

95.R.97-23r Cascade du jardin botanique

box 1, page 24 recto

95.R.97-24r Groupe d'Indiens à dépôt des immigrants à Fort-de-France

box 1, page 25 recto

95.R.97-25r Mulâtresse

Scope and Content Note

Full-length portrait of a Black woman.
box 1, page 26 recto

95.R.97-26r Nègre du Congo

Scope and Content Note

Full-length portrait of a Black man. See accession number 2002.R.1 for another copy of this image where it is attributed to H. Hartmann.
box 1, page 27 recto

95.R.97-27r Négresses et mulâtresses

Scope and Content Note

The album page contains seven carte-de-visite size studio portraits of unidentified Black female sitters and includes bust portraits as well as full- and three-quarter-length standing and seated portraits.
box 1, page 27 recto-1

95.R.97-27r.1 [Seated Woman with Plaid Headwrap]

box 1, page 27 recto-2

95.R.97-27r.2 [Woman Seated by a Window]

box 1, page 27 recto-3

95.R.97-27r.3 [Bust Portrait of a Woman Wearing a Dark Dress, Large Beads, and Headgear]

box 1, page 27 recto-4

95.R.97-27r.4 [Woman Wearing Plaid Dress]

box 1, page 27 recto-5

95.R.97-27r.5 [Profile Bust Portrait of a Woman Wearing Bejeweled Plaid Headwrap]

box 1, page 27 recto-6

95.R.97-27r.6 [Standing Woman with White Collar]

box 1, page 27 recto-7

95.R.97-27r.7 [Woman Carrying Basket on Her Head]

box 1, page 28 recto

95.R.97-28r Types de mulâtresses

Scope and Content Note

The album page contains seven carte-de-visite size studio portraits of unidentified Black female sitters and includes four bust portaits, one standing three-quarter-length portrait, one seated half-length portrait, and a portrait of two seated women.
box 1, page 28 recto-1

95.R.97-28r.1 [Bust Portrait of a Woman Wearing a Bejeweled Headwrap and Large Beads]

box 1, page 28 recto-2

95.R.97-28r.2 [Bust Portrait of a Woman in a White Top]

box 1, page 28 recto-3

95.R.97-28r.3 [Profile Bust Portrait of a Woman in a White Top]

box 1, page 28 recto-4

95.R.97-28r.4 [Bust Portrait of a Woman Wearing a Bejeweled Headwrap, Satin Scarf, and Large Beads]

box 1, page 28 recto-5

95.R.97-28r.5 [Woman Standing Next to a Basket of Fruit]

box 1, page 28 recto-6

95.R.97-28r.6 [Two Seated Women]

box 1, page 28 recto-7

95.R.97-28r.7 [Woman with White Scarf Looking to the Right]

box 1, page 29 recto

95.R.97-29r [Three Occupational Portraits]

Scope and Content Note

The album page contains three carte-de-visite size occupational portraits of Black sitter (two men and a woman).
box 1, page 29 recto-1

95.R.97-29r.1 Fabrit de fruits au cire

box 1, page 29 recto-2

95.R.97-29r.2 Porteuse de...

Scope and Content Note

The woman is carrying a bucket covered with a plank on her head.
box 1, page 29 recto-3

95.R.97-29r.3 Montreur de serpents

box 1, page 30 recto

95.R.97-30r [Views of St. Pierre and Fort-de-France]

Scope and Content Note

Album page with nine carte-de-visite size views.
box 1, page 30 recto-1

95.R.97-30r.1 Place Bertin (St. Pierre)

box 1, page 30 recto-2

95.R.97-30r.2 Bassin de radoub (Fort-de-France)

box 1, page 30 recto-3

95.R.97-30r.3 Vue de Fort-de-France: Baie des Flamands

box 1, page 30 recto-4

95.R.97-30r.4 Remorqueur entre Fort-de-France et St. Pierre

box 1, page 30 recto-5

95.R.97-30r.5 Environs de St. Pierre

box 1, page 30 recto-6

95.R.97-30r.6 Rade de St. Pierre

box 1, page 30 recto-7

95.R.97-30r.7 Statue de l'impératrice Joséphine sur La Savanne de Fort-de-France

Scope and Content Note

Caption reads: Statue de l'Impr.ce. Joséphine sur la savanne de Fort-de-France.
box 1, page 30 recto-8

95.R.97-30r.8 Eglise de Fort-de-France

box 1, page 30 recto-9

95.R.97-29r.9 Plan de Fort-de-France

Scope and Content Note

Photographic reproduction of a map.
box 1, page 31 recto

95.R.97-31r [Views of Fort Saint-Louis, Fort-de-France, and St. Pierre]

Scope and Content Note

Album page with eight carte-de-visite size views.
box 1, page 31 recto-1

95.R.97-31r.1 Atelier de travail

box 1, page 31 recto-2

95.R.97-31r.2 Quartier d'artillerie et Fort St.-Louis (Fort-de-France)

Scope and Content Note

Caption reads: Quartier d'artillerie et Fort St. Louis (Fort-de Fre.)
box 1, page 31 recto-3

95.R.97-31r.3 Rue du Gouvernement (Fort-de-France)

box 1, page 31 recto-4

95.R.97-31r.4 Rue du Fort-de-France

box 1, page 31 recto-5

95.R.97-31r.5 Pont et rivière au jardin botanique (St. Pierre)

box 1, page 31 recto-6

95.R.97-31r.6 Case de travailleurs dans les bois

box 1, page 31 recto-7

95.R.97-31r.7 Jardin botanique (St. Pierre)

box 1, page 31 recto-8

95.R.97-31r.8 Magasin de subsistances et Fort St.-Louis (Fort-de-France)

box 1, page 32 recto

95.R.97-32r [Views of Fort-de-France, St. Pierre, and Religious Sites]

Scope and Content Note

Album page with eight carte-de-visite size views.
box 1, page 32 recto-1

95.R.97-32r.1 Marché à Fort-de-France

box 1, page 32 recto-2

95.R.97-32r.2 Cascade du jardin botanique (St. Pierre)

box 1, page 32 recto-3

95.R.97-32r.3 Cascade (2er vue)

box 1, page 32 recto-4

95.R.97-32r.4 Cascade du Trou aux Sergents

box 1, page 32 recto-5

95.R.97-32r.5 Env. de St. Pierre (Environs de St. Pierre)

Scope and Content Note

View of nuns praying at an altar. Caption in negative below image: N. D. de la Déliverande / priez pour nous.
box 1, page 32 recto-6

95.R.97-32r.6 Env. de St. Pierre (Environs de St. Pierre)

Scope and Content Note

Nuns and others praying at an outdoor shrine. Caption in negative below image reads: N. D. de Lourdes priez pour nous!
box 1, page 32 recto-7

95.R.97-32r.7 Château d'eau (Fort-de-France)

box 1, page 32 recto-8

95.R.97-32r.8 N. D. de la Délivrande

Scope and Content Note

Exterior view of a church. Caption in negative below the image: N. D. de la Délivrande.
box 1, page 33 recto

95.R.97-33r Blank page

box 1, page 34 recto

95.R.97-34r Blank page

box 1, page 35 recto

95.R.97-35r Blank page

box 1, page 36 recto

95.R.97-36r Blank page

box 1, page 37 recto

95.R.97-37r Blank page

box 1, page 38 recto

95.R.97-38r Blank page

box 1, page 39 recto

95.R.97-39r Blank page

box 1, page 40 recto

95.R.97-40r Blank page

box 1, page 41 recto

95.R.97-41r Blank page

box 1, page 42 recto

95.R.97-42r Blank page

box 1, page 43 recto

95.R.97-43r Blank page

box 1, page 44 recto

95.R.97-44r Blank page

box 1, page 45 recto

95.R.97-45r Blank page

box 1, page 46 recto

95.R.97-46r Blank page

box 1, page 47 recto

95.R.97-47r Blank page

box 1, page 48 recto

95.R.97-48r Blank page

box 1, page 49 recto

95.R.97-49r Blank page

box 1, page Back endpapers

95.R.97-be Back endpapers

box 1, Item Back cover

95.R.97-bc Back cover