Hanni Sondheimer Vogelweid was born on
October 5, 1923, in Berlin, Germany. Her family was living in Lithuania when World War II
began, and fled to Japan in an attempt to emigrate to America where they had relatives. This
did not work out, and the family was forced to move to Shanghai, as they had become
officially stateless upon leaving Lithuania. Vogelweid lived in Shanghai from 1941 to 1946,
and during the war was forced to live in the Hongkew ghetto with other Jewish refugees. The
collection consists of personal documents Vogelweid used when she lived in Shanghai,
including correspondence, vital records, personal identification documents, and some
Hanni Sondheimer Vogelweid was born on October 5, 1923, in Berlin, Germany, to Moritz and
Setty Sondheimer. The family moved from Germany to Estonia to do business, and later settled
in Kaunas, Lithuania. At the start of World War II, the family, who was Jewish, began to
look for a way out of Lithuania, as anti-semitism was rising in Eastern Europe. They were
issued a visa to Japan by Chiune Sugihara, the Japanese vice consul in Lithuania credited
with saving thousands of Jews by providing transit visas, and left Lithuania in February of
1941 with money sent from American relatives.
Copyright for unpublished materials authored or otherwise produced by the creator(s) of
this collection has not been transferred to California State University, Northridge.
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use rests exclusively with the user.
The collection is open for research use.