Nevada Mining Companies Collection: Finding Aid mssNevadam

Brooke M. Black
The Huntington Library
July 2022
1151 Oxford Road
San Marino, California 91108
Business Number: (626) 405-2191

Contributing Institution: The Huntington Library
Title: Nevada Mining Companies collection
Identifier/Call Number: mssNevadam
Physical Description: 20.90 Linear Feet (24 boxes and 27 volumes)
Date (inclusive): 1862-1901
Abstract: Collection of business papers of several mining companies including Savage Mining Company and the Hale and Norcross Mining Company.
Language of Material: Materials are in English.

Conditions Governing Access

Open for use by qualified researchers and by appointment. Please contact Reader Services at the Huntington Library for more information.

Conditions Governing Use

The Huntington Library does not require that researchers request permission to quote from or publish images of this material, nor does it charge fees for such activities. The responsibility for identifying the copyright holder, if there is one, and obtaining necessary permissions rests with the researcher.

Preferred Citation

[Identification of item]. Nevada Mining Companies collection, The Huntington Library, San Marino, California.

Immediate Source of Acquisition

Purchased from William P. Wreden, August 1961 and June 1962.

Biographical / Historical

One of the earlier successful mines at the Comstock Lode in Nevada was the Savage, which commenced producing in 1863 and yielded almost $8 million at its peak from 1865 to 1869. John P. Jones and Alvinza Hayward gained control of the Savage Mining Company in 1871, but the boom collapsed when Hayward manipulated the stock of the mine. The Hale and Norcross Mine, controlled by the Bank of California combine, was producing $2 million worth of ore in 1866 to 1867, but its stock fell rapidly in 1868. The future Bonanza Kings (Fair, Flood, Mackay, and O'Brien) succeeded in buying up the stock and in taking control of the Hale and Norcross in 1869, and the mine prospered until 1872. Many of the Comstock mines continued to operate for several years, but never again produced the wealth that flowed during the boom from 1860 to 1880.

Scope and Contents

The collection consists of letters, documents, and bound volumes documenting the legal and business affairs of the Savage Mining Company and the Hale and Norcross Mining Company. It includes receipts and disbursements, payrolls, bank books, time books, stockholders' statements and accounts, reports on ore extracted, and assays, vouchers, etc. The collection also includes letters to mining superintendents, a few pertaining to the mining town of Bodie, California, and some material concerning operations of the U.S. Mint in Carson City, Nevada, from 1888 to 1889.

Processing Information

Processed by H. Noya in 1962. In 2022, Brooke M. Black created a finding aid.


Arranged in the following series: 1. Business papers (loose); 2. Business papers (bound volumes).


Former call number: mssNevada Mining Companies.

Subjects and Indexing Terms

Mines and mineral resources -- Nevada -- Comstock Lode
Mining corporations -- Nevada
Silver mines and mining -- Nevada
Bodie (Calif.) -- History -- 19th century -- Sources
Carson City (Nev.) -- History -- 19th century -- Sources
Comstock Lode (Nev.) -- History -- 19th century -- Sources
Nevada -- History -- 19th century -- Sources
Account books -- Nevada -- 19th century
Business records -- Nevada -- 19th century
Letters (correspondence) -- Nevada -- 19th century
Payrolls -- Nevada -- 19th century
Receipts -- Nevada -- 19th century
Reports -- Nevada -- 19th century
Hale and Norcross Silver Mining Company -- Archives
Savage Mining Company (Virginia City, Nev.) -- Archives
United States Mint


Business papers (loose)

Box 1

Correspondence 1862-1878

Box 2

Correspondence 1879-1885

Box 3

Correspondence 1886-1903

Box 4

Accounts-Joint supplies on hand 1863-1901

Scope and Contents

Contains accounts, annual reports, assessments, assignments, bills of sale, board meetings, contracts, indentures, insurance, internal revenue, and joint supplies on hand.
Box 5

Legal papers 1863-1901

Box 6

Receipts and disbursements 1883-1900

Box 7

Statement of tons of ore, store stock and expense summary, and bank books 1871-1900

Box 8

Assays 1863-1893

Box 9

Assays 1863-1891

Box 10

Bullion shipments, men employed reports 1866-1894

Box 11

Men employed reports, operation reports 1877-1897

Box 12

Ore extracted reports 1866-1897

Box 13

Statements of lumber shipped, storehouse reports 1866-1897

Box 14a

Supplies on hand, time reports 1882-1893

Box 14b

Correspondence from U.S. Mint, Carson City to R.P. Keating 1888-1896

Box 15, Box 16

Statements, miscellaneous 1860-1898

Box 17, Box 18

Receipts, miscellaneous

Box 19, Box 20, Box 21

Voucher 1867-1869

Box 22

Ore shipped, shift operations, timber; and time books 1871-1892

Box 23

Memoranda of deposits and statements of fine silver bars manufactured from ore 1888-1896


Business papers (bound volumes)

Volume 1

Letterbook: Hale & Norcross Silver Mining Company 1867 March-September

Volume 2

Letterbook: Hale & Norcross Silver Mining Company 1867-1868

Volume 3

Letterbook: Hale & Norcross Silver Mining Company 1872-1873

Volume 4

Letterbook: Hale & Norcross Silver Mining Company 1876-1882

Volume 5

Letterbook: Savage Mining Company 1867-1868

Volume 6

Letterbook: Savage Mining Company 1872-1872

Volume 7

Letterbook: Savage Mining Company 1872-1873

Volume 8

Letterbook: Savage Mining Company 1878-1881

Volume 9

Letterbook: Savage Mining Company 1887-1889

Volume 10

Letterbook: Savage Mining Company 1895-1898

Volume 11

Time book: Savage Mining Company 1863-1864

Volume 12

Time book: Savage Mining Company 1888

Volume 13

Time book: Savage Mining Company 1891

Volume 14

Time book: Savage Mining Company 1892

Volume 15

Time book: Hale & Norcross Silver Mining Company 1882

Volume 16

Inventory: Savage Mining Company 1886-1887

Volume 17

Code book undated

Volume 18

Ledger 1871-1872

Volume 19

Bullion production: Hale & Norcross Silver Mining Company 1866-1875

Volume 20

Pay ore: Savage Mining Company; Car samples: Hale & Norcross Silver Mining Company 1886-1890

Volume 21

Pay roll: Savage Mining Company 1876-1877

Volume 22

Store house account: Savage Mining Company 1875-1876

Volume 23-24

Index 1893

Volume 25-27

Pay roll: Hale & Norcross Silver Mining Company and Savage Mining Company 1876-1892