Guide to the Muñoz Family’s Atari Collection

Melissa Pincus
Stanford University Libraries. Dept. of Special Collections & University Archives.
Stanford, California
August 2014
Copyright © 2014 The Board of Trustees of the Leland Stanford Junior University. All rights reserved.

Note

This collection was processed using traditional, archival processing theory, methods, and practice. The materials are described at the series, box, and folder level and, at times, the item level.


Overview

Call Number: M2010
Title: Muñoz Family’s Atari Collection
Dates: circa 1980-1987
Physical Description: 11 Linear feet
Language(s): The materials are in English.
Physical Location: Special Collections and University Archives materials are stored offsite and must be paged 36-48 hours in advance. For more information on paging collections, see the department's website: http://library.stanford.edu/spc.
Repository: Dept. of Special Collections & University Archives.
Stanford University Libraries.
557 Escondido Mall
Stanford, CA 94305-6064
Email: specialcollections@stanford.edu
Phone: (650) 725-1022
URL: http://library.stanford.edu/spc

Administrative Information

Provenance

This collection was given by the Muñoz family to Stanford University, Special Collections in 2012.
Gift of Ricardo and Pat Muñoz, 2012. Accession MSS.2012-277

Information about Access

The materials are open for research use. Audio-visual materials are not available in original format, and must be reformatted to a digital use copy.

Ownership & Copyright

All requests to reproduce, publish, quote from, or otherwise use collection materials must be submitted in writing to the Head of Special Collections and University Archives, Stanford University Libraries, Stanford, California 94305-6064. Consent is given on behalf of Special Collections as the owner of the physical items and is not intended to include or imply permission from the copyright owner. Such permission must be obtained from the copyright owner, heir(s) or assigns. See: http://library.stanford.edu/spc/using-collections/permission-publish.
Restrictions also apply to digital representations of the original materials. Use of digital files is restricted to research and educational purposes.

Cite As

[identification of item], Muñoz Family's Atari Collection (M2010). Dept. of Special Collections and University Archives, Stanford University Libraries, Stanford, Calif.

Processing Notes

This collection is fully processed using traditional archival methods and theory to describe the materials at the series, box, folder and, in most cases, the item level.

Associated Materials

Stephen M. Cabrinety Collection in the History of Microcomputing, circa 1975-1995, M0997.

Family Biography

This collection is representative of early home computing in the 1980s. Software and hardware manufacturers created products for nontechnical users who wished to use computing for entertainment (i.e. gaming) and practical uses in the home (i.e. personal finances and education).This collection is representative of early home computing in the 1980s. Software and hardware manufacturers created products for nontechnical users who wished to use computing for entertainment (i.e. gaming) and practical uses in the home (i.e. personal finances and education).
Edited narrative statement submitted by the Muñoz Family:
Ricardo F. Muñoz was born in Perú on April 30, 1950. He grew up in the town of Chosica until age 10, when his parents Luis Alberto Muñoz and Clara Luz Valdivia de Muñoz immigrated with their three children to the United States. On April 16, 1961, Ricardo arrived in San Francisco's Mission District. He did his undergraduate work at Stanford from 1968 to 1972, obtaining his bachelor's degree in psychology. His senior thesis advisor was Albert Bandura. He went on to get his Ph.D. in clinical psychology from the University of Oregon in 1977. Returning to the bay area, he joined the faculty of the Department of Psychiatry, School of Medicine, University of California, San Francisco on September 6th, 1977. Based at San Francisco General Hospital, a teaching hospital located in the Mission District where he grew up, he served as Chief Psychologist for 26 years and as Director of the Clinical Psychology Training Program for 20 years. He founded the Latino Mental Health Research Program in 1992 and the Internet World Health Research Center in 2004. In 2012, he transitioned to Emeritus Professor at UCSF, and accepted a faculty position at Palo Alto University to establish i4Health, the Institute for International Internet Interventions for Health. As part of this move, he also became Clinical Adjunct Professor in the Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences at Stanford.
Ricardo married Pat Marine Muñoz on March 31, 1979. She was born August 8, 1952 in Iowa City, and lived in Nichols and Lone Tree until leaving Iowa for college in 1972. She attend Clatsop Community College in Astoria, Oregon, and then obtained her bachelor's degree in 1977 from the Lila Acheson Wallace School of Community Service and Public Affairs at the University of Oregon, where she met Ricardo in 1975. She obtained her M.S.W. from the University of Washington in 1979. She worked as a medical social worker at French Hospital in San Francisco until their first child was born. Once their son and daughter started grammar school at St. Elizabeth, Pat worked as a kindergarten aide there until 2007. She then obtained a certificate in library technology and began working as a volunteer at the Sutro Branch of the California State Library (now located at San Francisco State University) and at the Helen Crocker Russell Library of Horticulture in Golden Gate Park.
Their son, Rodrigo Alberto Muñoz, was born September 25, 1982. He attended Stanford from 2001 to 2005, obtaining his bachelor's degree in psychology, with a minor in religious studies. He has worked as a portal monitor at Stanford's Green Library since his graduation. He married Stephanie Grace Dee on February 18, 2012 at Stanford's Memorial Church. His wife attended Stanford from 2000 to 2005, obtaining a bachelor's degree in symbolic systems and a master's in computer science. Stephanie worked at VMware from 2005 to 2013 before leaving to join Radiant Entertainment, a start-up in Silicon Valley.
Pat and Ricardo's daughter, Aubrey Elizabeth Luz Muñoz, was born October 11, 1985. She attended Stanford from 2004 to 2009, obtaining her dual bachelor's degree in psychology and Spanish, and then her master's degree in sociology. After graduating, she was invited back to the Stanford University Libraries' Human Resources Department where she had worked as a student. In 2014, having moved back to San Francisco, Aubrey joined Lumos Labs, creators of the online brain-training program "Lumosity."
In 2005, during Aubrey's first and Rodrigo's and Stephanie's final year of college, Ricardo arranged to have a sabbatical in the Department of Psychology at Stanford. All four of them enrolled in a course taught by Albert Bandura, who said that while the children of former students had taken his classes before, he had never had both parent and children present at the same time. The novel occasion was commemorated by an article in the July/August 2005 issue of Stanford Magazine: https://alumni.stanford.edu/get/page/magazine/article/?article_id=34143
The family has fond memories of Stanford and hopes their Atari 800-XL computer hardware and software collection will serve as a tool for those wishing to experience the early stages of computer development. They also hope that Stanford students will have fun with the collection.
When originally released, these games cost between $5 and $50 each. However, Ricardo Muñoz found a warehouse store in Berkeley where he was able to pick them up at a discount. He bought several there, but the bulk were acquired when the establishment went out of business, with many offering games for $2 to $5 each. Unable to resist, Muñoz came home with boxes of software. Some of the games didn't run properly, but they came with a guarantee from the publisher that they would be replaced if they failed to “boot.” Pat Muñoz spent a lot of time mailing off the defective games, and eventually received the working copies that now reside at Stanford.

Scope and Contents

Collection consists of an Atari 800XL home computer, color monitor and complete set of peripherals, as well as an “Andy” Robot. The collection also includes 127 consumer software titles published between 1980 and 1987.
The Atari 800XL is an 8-bit machine produced in 1983. The CPU was built into a console that included a keyboard, a cartridge slot for programs, and peripheral ports (using daisy chain technology) for disk drives, printers, and a monitor.
The current machine was purchased in 1983 in San Francisco. It was the first home computer bought by the Muñoz family.
The computer was bought with the display monitor included in the collection, joysticks and paddle controllers, two floppy drives, and a dot-matrix printer (not included). Later acquisitions included a cassette drive for loading programs, a KoalaPad for graphic interface, and several other peripherals, including an Andy Robot. The latter had three wheels, plus simple light, sound, and touch sensors, and could be programmed using BASIC. It connected to the CPU via a cable plugged into a joystick port. Long extension cables allowed the robot to maneuver in a fairly large floor area, and are included in the collection.
Games is the largest category, and includes cartridge-based games, floppy-disk games, and a few games on cassette tapes. Some of the family’s favorites include:
Spy Hunter: Gun down “spies” from your car or boat while avoiding being run off the road or bombed from above. For those who wish the chase scenes in a Bond movie would just go on forever. Can be played by one or two players, since the first joystick controls the steering and the second launches special weapons found along the way.
Rescue on Fractalus: This game used fractals to depict the shifting terrain of an unearthly planet. Look for the alien who appears at the end of some of the rescues. He scared the heck out of the Muñoz children!
Ball Blazer: Great two-player game! The object is to guide the ball past your opponent’s goal while controlling a personal gliding contraption within a playing court.
Orbit - A Trip to the Moon: This advanced game involved calculating the trajectory of a spaceship from the earth to the moon. If the player successfully placed the spaceship in lunar orbit, a second stage allowed the player to activate a moon lander and attempt a soft landing on the lunar surface. Very challenging game.
In Search of the Most Amazing Thing: Explore an alien world via hot-air balloon while searching for “the most amazing thing.” A complete novella was included in the box, which Rodrigo found as interesting as the game itself. One of the features was a “sleep” routine which forced the player to stop adventuring after a while, so their character could get some rest. Whether this was intended to make the game more realistic or as a way to help children control how long they played is unclear. However, since the game was written in BASIC, Ricardo realized he could read – and edit – its code. After he reprogrammed it to reduce the sleeping time to zero, his hack allowed them to continue playing to their hearts' content.
Several “Sesame Street” educational games, including Letter-Go-Round and Astro Grover
Productivity software:
Visicalc: One of the first popular spreadsheets, a predecessor of Microsoft Excel. This program was also available on IBM PCs and other platforms.
Letter Perfect: A word processing program, similar to Word Perfect and, again, one of the predecessors of Microsoft Word.
Graphic software:
KoalaPad: Graphic tablet interface which, with its accompanying software package KoalaPainter, allowed the creation of digital pictures.

Access Terms

Atari, Inc..
Atari 800 (Computer)
Video games--Equipment and supplies.
Video games--Handbooks, manuals, etc.
Video games.


Collection Contents

 

Series 1: Hardware

Box 9

Atari 410 Program Recorder [casette tape player]

Box 12

Atari 800XL Home Computer: 64K [Serial No. 143198 D-394] 1983

Box 13

Atari 1050 Disk Drive [Serial No. 7VDFF 89803414]

Box 9

Covox, Inc. Covox Voice Master Speech and Music Processor

Box 9

Koala Technologies Koala Pad Touch Tablet [with stylus] 1983

Box 10

USI International 1400/C Color Monitor Serial No. 40445456 1983

Note

Monitor for Atari 800XL
 

Series 2: Software

 

Subseries 1: Accounting/Finance

Box 6, Folder 7

Antic /Atari B/Graph Enhancement Disk undated

Technical Details

Disk
Box 6, Folder 1

Atari Family Finances 1982

Technical Details

Disk

Note

Includes manual.
Box 6, Folder 2

Arrays, Inc. / Continental Software The Home Accountant 1983

Technical Details

Disk.

Note

Includes manual.
Box 5

Batteries Included B/Graph: Graphics and Statistical Analysis Package 1984

Technical Details

Disk

Note

Incudes box and manual.
 

Subseries 2: Audio

Box 8, Folder 23

Covox, Inc. Covox Voice Master [Atari Version 1.0] 1985

Technical Details

Disk; Atari.

Note

Voice Master Owner's Manual Included.
Box 8, Folder 22

Covox, Inc. Covox Voice Master [Atari Version 4.0] 1987

Technical Details

Disk; Atari.

Note

Owner's Manual Included.
Box 8, Folder 24

Covox, Inc. Talking Disk 1986

Technical Details

Disk; Commodore 64/128; Atari 800/XL/XE

Note

Includes manual.
Box 8, Folder 2

The Software Guild Musical Pilot 1984

Note

Includes game manual.

Technical Details

Disk; Atari 800; Joystick
 

Subseries 3: Educational Software

Box 6, Folder 8

Antic / Atari Earth Views undated

Technical Details

Disk
Box 6, Folder 5

Antic / Atari Orbit: A trip to the Moon undated

Technical Details

Disk
Box 6, Folder 9

Antic / Atari Picture Plus/Lister Plus 1985

Technical Details

Disk
Box 6, Folder 6

Antic / Atari Solid Object Module undated

Technical Details

Disk
Box 4

Atari Programming Language PILOT with "Turtle" Graphics 1981

Technical Details

Cartridge/Tape

Note

Includes reference manual still in shrink wrap. Includes box.
Box 4

Atari, Inc. Juggles' Rainbow 1982

Technical Details

Disk
Box 5

CBS Software / The Dovetail Group, Inc. Coconotes 1984

Technical Details

Cartridge

Note

Includes box and manual.
Box 5

CBS Software / Children's Computer Workshop, Inc. Big Bird's Special Delivery 1984

Technical Details

Cartridge

Note

Includes box and manaul.
Box 5

CBS Software / Children's Computer Workshop, Inc. Sesame Street Letter-Go-Round 1984

Technical Details

Cartridge

Note

Includes box, manual, and 2 keypad overlays.
Box 5

CBS Software / Children's Computer Workshop, Inc. Sesame Street Astro Grover 1984

Note

Includes box, manual, and 2 keypad overlays.

Technical Details

Cartridge; Atari
Box 5

CBS Software / Microcomputer Workshops Success with Math: Addition and Subtraction 1983

Technical Details

Disk

Note

Includes box and manual.
Box 3

DesignWare, Inc. / D.C. Heath and Company Trapazoid: A New Angle on Geometry 1983

Technical Details

Disk; Atari 400/800/XL series and Commodore 64

Note

Includes game manual and box.
Box 3

Electronic Arts / Childware Word Flyer 1983

Note

Includes game manual and box.

Technical Details

Disk; Atari Home Computers
Box 5

Hayden Software Monkey See, Monkey Spell 1983

Technical Details

Disk

Note

Includes box and manual.
Box 5

Longman / Emi / Atari Conversational Spanish (Model CX4120) 1980

Technical Details

Tape; Atari 400 or Atari 800 Personal Computer System

Note

Includes instruction manual and box.
Box 7

Spinnaker Software Corp. Alphabet Zoo 1983

Note

Includes box and manual. Game is functional.

Technical Details

Cartridge; Atari 400/800/All X LS; Joystick
Box 7

Spinnaker Software Corp. Delta Drawing 1982

Technical Details

Cartridge; Atari 400/800/ALL X LS

Note

Includes box and game manual.
Box 7

Spinnaker Software Corp. / DesignWare Story Machine 1982

Note

Includes box and manual.

Technical Details

Disk; Atari
Box 7

Spinnaker Software Corp. Fraction Fever 1983

Note

Includes box and manual.

Technical Details

Cartridge; Atari 400/800/All X LS
Box 7

Spinnaker Software Corp. Grandma's House 1984

Note

Includes box and game manual.

Technical Details

Disk
Box 7

Spinnaker Software Corp. Hey Diddle Diddle 1983

Note

Includes box and manual.

Technical Details

Disk; Atari Disk Drive; Joystick
Box 7

Spinnaker Software Corp. Kids on Keys 1983

Note

Includes box and manual.

Technical Details

Cartridge; Atari 400/800/All X LS
Box 8, Folder 13

Thunder Mountain / Mercer Mayer ABC's with the TINK TONKS by Mercer Mayer 1984

Technical Details

Disk; Atari

Note

Includes game manual.
Box 8, Folder 14

Thunder Mountain / Mercer Mayer Subtraction with the TINK TONKS [Tink's Subtraction Fair] 1985

Technical Details

Disk; Atari

Note

Includes game manual.
Box 8, Folder 15

Thunder Mountain / Mercer Mayer Count and Add with the TINK TONKS [Tinka's Mazes] 1984

Technical Details

Disk; Atari; Joystick Optional

Note

Includes game manual.
Box 8, Folder 16

Thunder Mountain / Mercer Mayer Spelling with the TINK TONKS [Tuk Goes to Town] 1984

Technical Details

Disk; Atari

Note

Includes game manual.
Box 8, Folder 17

Thunder Mountain / Mercer Mayer Tink Tonks: Being a Smart Thinker [Tonk in the Land of Buddy Bots] 1984

Physical Description: Disk; Atari; Joystick Optional

Note

Includes game manual.
Box 8, Folder 18

Thunder Mountain / Mercer Mayer Tink Tonks: Develop Thinking Skills [Castle Clobber] 1985

Technical Details

Disk; Atari

Note

Includes game manual.
 

Subseries 4: Games

 

Subseries 5: Home Application Software

Box 6, Folder 3

Atari Home Filing Manager 1982

Technical Details

Disk

Note

Includes manual.
 

Subseries 6: Printer Utility

Box 5

Hi Tech Expressions Sesame Street Print Kit 1988

Technical Details

Disks

Note

Includes box and manual.
 

Subseries 7: Word Processing

Box 6, Folder 4

LJK Enterprises / Atari Letter Perfect 1983

Technical Details

Disk

Note

Includes manual.
 

Subseries 8: Miscellaneous/Backups

Box 7

Atari Public Domain Othello Undated

Box 7

Atari Translator

Box 7

Autoboot 'D' Menu Games; Presentg Bas. Boot Disk; Seg. File Demo3D1 Undated

Box 7

Capture the Flag Udnated

Box 7

Covox Files VM.XL Udnated

Box 7

Covox Voice Master Atari 1.0 Undated

Box 7

Covox 4.0 Files: Numeros, N, Span 1 to 9 Undated

Box 7

Covox 4.0 (II) Backup 1988 Jan 2

Box 7

Rodrigo's DOS; SUPERDOS XL; Pic Dump Undated

Box 7

Stratos Backup Undated

Box 7

Voicemaster Work Disk Undated

Box 7

Voicemaster Working Disk DOS/VM1.XL/VMXL/Load Play Undated

 

Series 3: Manuals/User Guides

Box 4, Folder 7

Atari Basic Reference Guide For Experienced Programmers 1983

Box 4, Folder 1

Atari Pilot Demonstration Programs Users Guide 1981

Box 4, Folder 2

Atari Pilot Primer: The Pilot Programming Language Instruction Manual 1980

Box 4, Folder 3

Atari Student Pilot Reference Guide 1981

Box 8, Folder 19

Bantam Books Defender:The Video Master's by Nick Broomis 1982 Apr

Box 5

LJK Enterprises / Atari Data Perfect Manual 1981

Box 4, Folder 6

On-Line Systems Threshold by Warren Schwader & Ken Williams User Guide 1983

Box 4, Folder 5

Wizard of Wor User Guide 1981

 

Series 4: Peripherals/Accessories

Box 9

Atari Paddle controllers for Atari 800XL

Box 9

CARDCO, Inc. Parallel Printer Interface: CARD?/AT [CARDPRINT/ATARI]

Note

Includes Instruction Manual
Box 7, Folder 1

I-Protect, Inc. I-Protect [7.9 x 10.2in Screen Filter] 1986

Note

Includes instruction manual.
 

Radio Shack Line Filter [Power Extension Cord with 9 outlets]

Note

Used to power the Atari 800XL, monitor, Disk Drive, casette drive
Box 9

Wico Corporation WICO Joystick; "Command Control" 1984

Box 9

Wico Corporation WICO Joystick; "The Boss" 1984

 

Series 5: Robot

Physical Description: The Andy robot is controlled by using a joystick. It has simple light, sound, and pressure sensors which can be programmed to respond as one wishes by using BASIC.
Box 11

Andy by Axlon 1985

Technical Details

Atari 800/800XL, or 600XL with 48K Expansion, or Commodore 64
 

Series 6: Correspondence

Box 4, Folder 8

Ricardo F. Munoz, Ph.D. to I-Protect 1986 Mar 18

Box 4, Folder 8

Covox Inc. to Ricardo Munoz