Scope and Content of Collection
Title: Phillis Abry Kaplan papers
Dates: 1940-1946 (bulk 1943)
Collection Number: 1995-08
Extent: 1 linear foot
GLBT Historical Society
San Francisco, California 94103
Abstract: Phillis Abry Kaplan was a queer woman who served in World War II. This collection consists of her scrapbooks chronicling her
Language of Material: English
Collection is open for research.
Copyright to unpublished manuscript materials has been transferred to the Gay and Lesbian Historical Society of Northern California.
[Identification of item]. Phillis Abry Kaplan papers. Collection Number: 1995-08 . GLBT Historical Society
Phillis Abry was born on July 16, 1920. When she was seventeen, she was expelled from her private high school in the midwest
after a love letter she had written to another young woman was found by the woman's guardian. Unable to continue living in
her father's home, she moved to New York city to live with her mother. In March 1943, moved by a patriotic desire to help
the war effort and by a desire to "be with all those women" in the army, she left her job as a lab technician at the RCA research
labs in Princeton, New Jersey, to enlist in the Women's Auxiliary Army Corps (WAAC). After training in Des Moines, Iowa, she
went to Newark, New Jersey, to complete a radio repairman's course at the United Radio Television Institute. There she met
her lover Mildred, who arranged for the two to be sent to the same army base: the South Plains Army Air Field in Lubbock,
Texas, in July 1943. In August, the WAACs were sworn into the US Army and Phillis officially became a member of the Women's
Army Corps (WAC). She worked as a recruiter for the WAC in the winter of 1944, in Santa Fe, New Mexico. Indeed, she was pictured
(inspecting a radio together with Mildred) in a WAC recruiting poster. From August 1945, through March 1946, she was stationed
in Paris; when she returned home, she received an honorable discharge. She lived with Mildred for some years, until she went
to college in Reno, Nevada. There she met her husband; in 1950 she graduated and they were married. In 1987, she was interviewed
by Allan Berube for his World War II Project. She died in 1995.
Scope and Content of Collection
The Phillis Abry Kaplan records consists of the contents of two scrapbooks, arranged chronologically from 1940-1946.
The first scrapbook contains documents from the enlistment process; WAC handbooks and newsletters, and three issues of the
magazine "Overseas Woman"; photographs and newspaper clippings from the training at Des Moines; photographs and certificate
of completion from the Radio Institute in Newark; itinerary to Texas and snapshots from life in the South Plains Army Airfield;
photos from the winter 1994 recruiting team (including pictures used in the documentary "Coming out under Fire"); and snapshots
from Phillis' visit to her mother and sister.
The second scrapbook includes photographs of Phillis' trip to Paris; postcards and theater programs; souvenirs such as metro
tickets and ration cards; a list of the Company members, and a copy of Phillis' honorable discharge.
The photographs are black and white positive images; they depict the everyday life of the WAC, from marching and driving a
truck to holiday parties and skits in the barracks.
The three audio cassette tapes contain Allen Berube's interview with Phillis previous hit Abry Kaplan, in which she speaks
in detail about her life and experiences in the WAC, and narrates her scrapbook.
GSSO Linked Terms: http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/GSSO_008536; http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/GSSO_001590
World War, 1939-1945