Guide to the Kruska Japanese Internment Collection

Finding aid prepared by Phoebe Huth, CCEPS Fellow, Fall 2014
Special Collections, Honnold/Mudd Library
800 North Dartmouth Ave
Claremont, CA, 91711
Phone: (909) 607-3977
© 2015
Claremont University Consortium. All rights reserved.

Descriptive Summary

Title: Kruska Japanese Internment collection
Dates: 1905-2013
Collection number: H.Mss.1047
Creator: Kruska, Dennis G.
Extent: 2 linear feet (1.5 document boxes + 2 flat storage boxes +1 oversized folder)
Repository: Claremont Colleges. Library. Special Collections, Honnold/Mudd Library. Claremont, CA 91711.
Abstract: Dennis G. “Denny” Kruska, a graduate of University of California, Los Angeles, Hughes Aircraft physicist, venture capitalist researcher, printing consultant, historical author and bibliographer and collector of Yosemite and Sierra Nevada materials amassed this collection of Japanese American internment items. The collection covers a wide variety of materials, ranging from 1905 to 2013 which are arranged into six series, with like materials being grouped together, including newspapers and clippings, photographs, postal materials, printed matter, realia, and research materials.
Physical location: Please consult repository.
Language of materials: Languages represented in the collection: English and Japanese.

Administrative Information


This collection is open for research.

Publication Rights

All requests for permission to reproduce or to publish must be submitted in writing to Special Collections.

Preferred Citation

[Identification of item], Kruska Japanese Internment collection (H.Mss 1047). Special Collections, Honnold/Mudd Library, Claremont University Consortium.

Immediate Source of Acquisition

Collection was partially gifted by and purchased from Dennis Kruska in May 2013.


No additions to the collection is anticipated.

Processing Information

Processed by Phoebe Huth in 2014 in the Claremont Center for Engagement with Primary Sources (CCEPS), with assistance from Lisa Crane. Overall, the collection is in good condition. Newspaper clippings were photocopied onto acid free paper and the original discarded; however entire newspapers were kept in their original format. Photographs were placed in mylar sleeves. The collector, Dennis Kruska, did not arrange the collection prior to it being received by the Honnold/Mudd Library Special Collections; the arrangement was created by the processor. Monograph items were removed from the collection, added to Special Collections' monograph collection and cataloged in Blais, the online catalog for the Claremont Colleges Library. These items can be located in Blais using the keyword search term “Kruska Japanese Internment Collection”.

Biography/Administrative History

Dennis G. “Denny” Kruska was trained as a cloud physicist at UCLA and worked for Hughes Aircraft for 25 years. He has also been known as a venture capitalist researcher, a printing consultant, historical author and bibliographer who has published a number of works mostly on the high Sierra and Yosemite. These works include Sierra Nevada big trees: history of the exhibitions, 1850-1903 (Los Angeles, Calif.: Dawson's Book Shop, 1985), Bibliography of Yosemite, the central and the southern High Sierra, and the Big Trees, 1839-1900 in collaboration with L. W. Currey (Los Angeles, Calif.: Dawson's Book Shop, 1992), Twenty-five letters from Norman Clyde, 1923-1964 in collaboration with Chester Versteeg and Clyde Norman (Los Angeles, Calif.: Dawson's Book Shop, 1998), A celebration of Clifton F. Smith's life, 1920-1999 : a Santa Barbara native son in collaboration with Clifton F. Smith (Sherman Oaks, Cal.: the author, 1999) and others.
As a collector, Kruska’s main collecting focus has always been Yosemite and the Sierra Nevada. However, through stories told by his mother about a friend’s “disappearance” following the bombing of Pearl Harbor, later contacts with Japanese American co-workers at Hughes Aircraft and close family friends, Kruska developed a curiosity about the Japanese American internment experience. He began collecting material dealing with “America's injustice to the Japanese people during WWII, especially Manzanar material, since it is on the border of the Sierra Nevada, my main collecting interest.” (Kruska, 2014).

Scope and Contents of Collection

The collection covers a wide variety of materials, including newspapers and clippings, photographs, postal materials, printed matter, realia, and research materials regarding Japanese American internment during World War II. Newspaper clippings about the beginning of the process of exclusion of Japanese Americans and memorialization throughout the century are included. Photographs ranging from evacuation of Japanese Americans to relocation centers to life in internment camps are also included. Postal covers, a postcard and letters, various forms of propaganda, including anti-Japanese and pro-Japanese propaganda, pamphlets, brochures, and newsletters from as recently as 2010 are also some of the materials in the collection. Artifacts are from Japanese internment camps and relocation centers, ranging from authentic materials, like a wooden "laundry" sign, to tourism souveniers, like a tea towel. Documents used by Dennis Kruska for background to the collection are also included, such as short articles, website pages, and correspondence with people donating items to Kruska.

Organization and Arrangement

This collection has been arranged in the following series:
Series 1: Newspapers and clippings, 1905-2013 and undated
Series 2: Photographs, 1942-2000 and undated
Series 3: Postal materials, 1913-1991 and undated
Series 4: Printed matter, 1942-2010 and undated
Series 5: Realia, 1945 and undated
Series 6: Research materials, 1917-2013 and undated
Within each series, materials are arranged alphabetically.

Related Material

Some artifacts from this collection were donated by Kruska to the Eastern California Museum (Independence, California) in 2002.
Related materials providing information on Japanese American relocation and internment may be found in the following collections in the Honnold/Mudd Library Special Collections:
•H.Mss.0926 War Relocation Authority Records
•H.Mss.1048 Kenzo Robert Koike Papers
•H.Mss.1049 Yamano Japanese Internment Collection
•H.Mss.1052 Ken Tamura Papers

Seperated Materials

The following monograph items can be found in the online catalog, Blais, using the keyword search term “Kruska Japanese Internment Collection”:
Abkhazi, Peggy. Enemy subject : life in a Japanese internment camp, 1943-45. Stroud, Gloucestershire : A. Sutton, 1995. Call no: D805.C6 A355 1995.
Baker, Lillian. American and Japanese relocation in World War II : fact, fiction & fallacy. Imprint Medford, OR : Webb Research Group, c1990. Call no: D769.8.A6 B33 1990.
Bosworth, Allan R. (Allan Rucker). America's concentration camps. New York, Norton [1967]. Call no: D805.U5 B6 1967.
Bunting, Eve. So far from the sea. [New York] : Scholastic Inc., 2000. Call no: PZ7.B91527 So 2000.
Edmiston, James. Home again. Garden City, N.Y., Doubleday, 1955. Call no: PS3509.D52 H6.
Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco. Report of the Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco as fiscal agent of the United States on its operations in connection with evacuation operations in Military Areas no. 1 and no. 2 during 1942 . [San Francisco, 1943?]. Call no: D769.8.A6 F4.
Hannon, James J. Nasakenai = We are forsaken. [San Diego] : Grossmont Press, c1977. Call no: PS3558.A4794 H36 1977.
Hirabayashi, Lane Ryo. Japanese American resettlement through the lens : Hikaru Carl Iwasaki and the WRA's Photographic Section, 1943-1945. Boulder, Colo. : University Press of Colorado, c2009. Call no: D769.8.A6 H578 2009.
Houston, Jeanne Wakatsuki. Farewell to Manzanar; a true story of Japanese American experience during and after the World War II internment. Boston, Houghton Mifflin, 1973. Call no: E184.J3 H63 1973. Internment of Japanese Americans. Dubuque, Iowa : Kendall/Hunt Pub. Co., [1991?]. Call no: D769.8.A6 I67 1991.
Manzanar National Historic Site, California : general management plan & environmental impact statement. [Independence, Calif.?] : U.S. National Park Service, Pacific West Field Area, [1996]. Call no: F868.M36 M35 1996.
Our world, 1943-1944, Manzanar High . [Logan, Utah : Herff Jones Yearbook Co., 1998.]. Call no: D769.8.A6 O77 1998.
Stevens, Frederic H. Santo Tomas Internment Camp : 1942-1945. {New York] : F.H. Stevens, c1946. Call no: D805.P6 S8.
The View from within : Japanese American art from the internment camps, 1942-1945 : Wight Art Gallery October 13 through December 6, 1992 . [Los Angeles, Calif.] : Japanese American National Museum, c1992. Call no: N6538.J3 V54 1992x.

Indexing Terms

The following terms have been used to index the description of this collection in the library’s online public access catalog.

Subject Terms

Japanese Americans
Japanese Americans -- Archives
Japanese Americans -- Evacuation and relocation, 1942-1945
World War, 1939-1945--Japanese Americans

Genre and Form of Materials

Clippings (Books, newspapers, etc.)


Series 1:   Newspapers and clippings, 1905-2013 and undated


Alphabetical by folder title.

Scope and Contents

This series contains newspapers and various clippings. Some of the newspapers are originals from various Japanese internment camps and relocation centers, like Santa Anita. There are also clippings of obituaries from people who survived Japanese internment, methods of memorialization of different internment camps, exclusion reforms, and other clippings that give an insight to the perception of Japanese Americans throughout the century.
Box 1, Folder 1

Convocation newspaper, 1992

Box 1, Folder 2

A Day in the City by Jack Smith, 1969 February

Box 1, Folder 3

Deja Vu by Teresa Watanabe, 2003 June 8

Box 2, Folder 2

Heart Mountain Sentinal, 1945 January

Box 2, Folder 3

Manzanar Free Press, 1944 June 3

Box 2, Folder 4

The Mindoka Irrigator, 1945 April 28

Box 1, Folder 4

Newspaper clippings, anti- oriental legislation proposed, 1930

Box 1, Folder 5

Newspaper clippings, Japanese, 1919

Box 1, Folder 6

Newspaper clippings, Japanese, 1940

Box 1, Folder 7

Newspaper clippings, Japanese, 1963

Box 1, Folder 8

Newspaper clippings, Japanese American boat builder in Gardena, 1979

Box 1, Folder 9

Newspaper clippings, Japanese Americans Manzanar, 1979

Box 1, Folder 10

Newspaper clippings, Japanese buying Southern California lands, 1979

Box 1, Folder 11

Newspaper clippings, Japanese exclusion, 1906 December 30-1907 February 16

Box 1, Folder 12

Newspaper clippings, Japanese in California Times article, 1971

Box 1, Folder 13

Newspaper clippings, Japanese in California, 1972

Box 1, Folder 14

Newspaper clippings, Japanese in Los Angeles, 1945

Box 1, Folder 15

Newspaper clippings, Japanese in Los Angeles, 1971 June 26-1971 August 13

Box 1, Folder 16

Newspaper clippings, Japanese in Los Angeles, 1978

Box 1, Folder 17

Newspaper clippings, Los Angeles Japanese, 1940-1966

Box 1, Folder 18

Newspaper clippings, Manzanar Japanese, 1970 January 2

Box 1, Folder 19

Newspaper clippings, Manzanar Japanese pilgrimage, 1978

Box 2, Folder 5

Newspaper clippings, memorialization and remembrance, 2002 July 31-2011 June 8

Box 1, Folder 20

Newspaper clippings, miscellaneous, 1967-1969

Box 1, Folder 21

Newspaper clippings, obituaries, 2001 April 3-2013 February 22

Box 2, Folder 6

Newspaper clippings, obituaries, 2005 April 1

Box 1, Folder 22

Newspaper clippings, pardon by Gerald Ford, 1976

Box 1, Folder 23

Newspaper clippings, Plans Solidified for Manzanar Pilgrimage

Box 1, Folder 24

Newspaper clippings, Potato King Japanese, 1906 December 28

Box 1, Folder 25

Newspaper clippings, settlement of Japanese in Los Angeles, 1905

Box 1, Folder 26

Newspaper clippings, WWII drama Japanese, 1971 December 7

Box 1, Folder 27

Newspaper clippings, WWII Manzanar Japanese, 1972 January 22

Box 2, Folder 7

Pacific Citizen, 1966 December 23-1966 December 30

Box 2, Folder 8

Santa Anita Pacemaker newspapers, 1942


Series 2: Photographs, 1942-2000 and undated


Alphabetical by folder title.

Scope and Contents

This series contains multiple photographs of people throughout the Japanese internment process, including barracks construction, evacuation of Japanese Americans, and a high school band in Manzanar Internment Camp mainly from March of 1942. This series also includes a print of a sketch of the Japanese evacuation.
Box 1, Folder 28

Evacuation of Japanese, 1942 March 29

Box 1, Folder 29

Group photograph

Box 1, Folder 30

Japanese arriving at Owens Valley, 1942 March 29

Box 1, Folder 31

Manzanar barracks construction, 1942

Box 1, Folder 32

Manzanar High School band, 2000 August 9

Box 1, Folder 33

Owens Valley and mountains, 1942 March 29

Box 1, Folder 34

A Temporary Haven at Famous Anita Track, 1942 March 29

Box 1, Folder 35

Tule Lake segregation center, 1943

Box 1, Folder 36

Two unidentified men

Box 1, Folder 37

7 a.m. May 10, 1942 print, 1942 May 10


Series 3: Postal materials, 1913-1991 and undated


Alphabetical by folder title.

Scope and Contents

This series contains correspondence, an envelope, and a postcard surrounding Japanese internment. There are also several postal covers from various internment camps in Colorado, California, and Arizona, with cancellation stamps.
Box 1, Folder 38

Letter of redress payment to Sasaki, Takeshi, 1991 March 5

Box 1, Folder 39

Ox Fibre Brush Company, Inc. envelope, 1913 November 4

Box 1, Folder 40

Paul Burns letter to Mr. and Mrs. Glen Woody, 1942 November 22

Box 1, Folder 41

Postal covers, with postal stamp and cancellation stamp, Arizona camps, 1943 October 13-1944 January 10

Box 1, Folder 42

Postal covers, with postal stamp and cancellation stamp, California, Nebraska, Wyoming camps, 1943 October 8-1944 March 15

Box 1, Folder 43

Postal covers, with postal stamp and cancellation stamp, Colorado camps, 1943 October 18-1944 March 7

Box 1, Folder 44



Series 4: Printed matter, 1942-2010 and undated


Alphabetical by folder title.

Scope and Contents

Printed matter is a range of materials, including both pro- and anti-Japanese propaganda from the time of Japanese internment, pamphlets, a 1945 high school year book from Manzanar Internment Camp, newsletters from as recent as 2010, and a Public Proclamation from 1942, which establishes Japanese internment.
Box 1, Folder 45

The Back Page by Dwight Young, 1994

Box 1, Folder 46

Buy American Made Goods

Box 1, Folder 47

Friends of Manzanar newsletter, 2010

Box 1, Folder 48

Issei, Nisei, Kibei, 1944 April

Box 1, Folder 49

Manzanar All Camp Reunion, 1984

Box 1, Folder 50

Manzanar High School yearbook, 1945

Box 1, Folder 51

Manzanar History Association, 2005 March-May

Box 1, Folder 52

Manzanar National Historic Site California materials, 1992 November-2005 September 17

Box 1, Folder 53

Pacific Coast Committee on American Principles and Fair Play, 1944 September

Box 1, Folder 54

Public Proclamation no.7, 1942 June 8

Box 1, Folder 55

The View from Within, Japanese American art from the Internment Camp, 2005 April 8

Box 1, Folder 56

What About Our Japanese-Americans?, 1944

Box 1, Folder 57

What We're Fighting For

Box 1, Folder 58

Why the West Coast Opposes the Japanese


Series 5: Realia, 1945 and undated


Alphabetical by folder title.

Scope and Contents

This series contains artifacts, ranging from authentic, such as a sign from the Manzanar Internment Camp, to more touristic, like a tea towel from Hunt, Idaho. It also includes a pin; a piece of tarp wall, and matchbooks.
Box 2, Folder 1

Consumers co-op Hunt, Idaho tea towel, 1945

Box 1, Folder 1

Hanging scroll from Manzanar residence

Box 1, Folder 59

Officers' club matchbook

Box 1, Folder 60

Piece of tarp wall from barracks

Box 2, Item 1

Sierra Vista Ranch 1002 badge from Hunt, Idaho commemorative

Box 1, Folder 61

Total Eclipse! matchbook

Box 3, Item 1

Wooden laundry sign from Manzanar


Series 6: Research materials, 1917-2013 and undated


Alphabetical by folder title.

Scope and Contents

Research materials include documents used by the collector, Dennis Kruska, in order to provide background on the subject of Japanese internment during World War II. Some materials describe first hand experiences of life in the relocation centers, others are printed web pages from websites such as the National Park Service ( or This series also contains printed copies of photographs, not part of the collection, printed from eBay by Kruska.
Box 4, Folder 1

Article from Manzanar Courier on, 2000 Summer, accessed 2001 February 15

Box 4, Folder 2

Article on photographer Dorothea Lange in Japan Focus, 2006 November 2, accessed 2010 September 3

Box 4, Folder 3

Background information from, 1999 September 27

Box 4, Folder 4

Background information from, 2000 February 21

Box 4, Folder 5

Background information on Japanese American internment from unidentified website

Box 4, Folder 6

Background information on Owens Valley Committee from, 2002 December 12

Box 4, Folder 7

Background information from on Manzanar, 2002 March 26

Box 4, Folder 8

Background information on Manzanar from, 2001 February 15

Box 4, Folder 9

Background information on Manzanar and relocation camps from, 1998 September 15, accessed 2002 December 12

Box 4, Folder 10

Background information on movie Farewell to Manzanar (1976) from, accessed 1999 September 27

Box 4, Folder 11

Background information from, 2001 February 15

Box 4, Folder 12

Background information on San Francisco from, 2002 March 20

Box 4, Folder 13

Copies of photographs purchased from Ebay

Box 4, Folder 14

eBay image of letter from girl in Poston, Arizona dated 1943 September 26, accessed 2012 January 22

Box 4, Folder 15

Correspondence with Eastern California Museum, 2001 March 2

Box 4, Folder 16

Los Angeles Times article on, Santa Anita, 2990 November 8, accessed 2013 March 18

Box 4, Folder 17

Manzanar: A Life Story excerpt, 1993

Box 4, Folder 18

The Manzanar Years: My Life at Manzanar account by members of the Handa family

Box 4, Folder 19

Partial article on Japanese immigration to California

Box 4, Folder 20

Photocopy of the Constitution and By-laws of the Santa Anita Assembly Center

Box 4, Folder 21

Photocopy of information on Jonosuke and Tsuruye Handa, 1917 January 27-1923 February 23

Box 4, Folder 22

Photocopy of letter from the governor of Colorado regarding creation of internment facilities, 1942 June 2