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Jonathan D. Hale papers
mssJDH 1-377  
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Collection Details
Table of contents What's This?
  • Descriptive Summary
  • Administration Information
  • Biographical Note
  • Arrangement
  • Scope and Content
  • Indexing Terms

  • Descriptive Summary

    Title: Jonathan D. Hale papers
    Inclusive Dates: 1830-1894
    Bulk Dates: 1861-1870
    Collection Number: mssJDH 1-377
    Creator OR Collector: Hale, J. D. (Jonathan D.)
    Extent: Approximately 400 items
    Repository: The Huntington Library, Art Collections, and Botanical Gardens Manuscripts Department
    The Huntington Library
    1151 Oxford Road
    San Marino, California 91108
    Phone: (626) 405-2203
    Fax: (626) 449-5720
    Email: reference@huntington.org
    URL: http://www.huntington.org
    Abstract: Papers of Jonathan D. Hale a Unionist from Tennessee who served as a scout in Kentucky during the Civil War. This extensive archive of roughly 400 items documents the turmoil of irregular warfare in Tennessee and Kentucky.
    Language of Material: The records are in English.

    Administration Information


    Collection is open to qualified researchers by prior application through the Reader Services Department. For more information, please go to following web site  .

    Publication Rights

    The Huntington Library does not require that researchers request permission to quote from or publish images of this material, nor does it charge fees for such activities. The responsibility for identifying the copyright holder, if there is one, and obtaining necessary permissions rests with the researcher.

    Preferred Citation

    [Identification of item], Jonathan D. Hale papers, The Huntington Library, San Marino, California.

    Acquisition Information

    Purchased by the Huntington Library Collectors' Council from M & S Rare Books, Inc., January 2013.

    Biographical Note

    Jonathan Davis Hale (1817-1898) was the Chief of Spies for the Union command in Tennessee. His wife, Pheroba, stayed on their Mill in Fentress County, Tennessee during the Civil War.


    Arranged as follows: Boxes 1-6: Correspondence and Documents; Box 7: Notebooks; Box 8: Printed Material and Ephemera. Each series is arranged chronological.

    Scope and Content

    The voluminous correspondence, notebooks, affidavits, eyewitness testimonies, and published pamphlets of the family of Jonathan D. Hale contain a wealth of previously unknown information about the Civil War in Tennessee and Kentucky, including the organization of Unionist communities; women’s contributions to the war effort; guerrilla warfare; the fate of Unionists' slaves; Reconstruction in East Tennessee and the rise of the Ku Klux Klan; and complicated and bitter politics of veterans' affairs in the wake of the Civil War. The letters, orders, reports, and communications written during Hale's services with General George H. Thomas (1816–1870) is a unique resource for historians of Civil War civilian scouts and guides, a topic that remains largely unexplored.
    The papers of Jonathan Davis Hale and Pheroba Ann Chilton Hale chiefly contain correspondence between husband and wife, 1850s-1890s, concentrated 1861-1870. Includes 88 letters from Pheroba to Jonathan, 1862-1865; 12 letters from Pheroba to Jonathan, 1869-1870, detailing problems at the Mill after Jonathan fled the Klan; 62 letters from Jonathan to Pheroba; Jonathan's notebook, 1864-1872; 40 pages of memoranda and correspondence of Hale, 1862-1865, as General Thomas' Chief Scout; another Hale notebook containing signed testimonial statements and other commentary from those injured, charging as guerrillas, Champ Ferguson, Galen Elliott and Henry Sublett, 1865; plus other war related material including unrecorded pamphlets, etc, 1872-1892. There are also letters by General William S. Rosecrans as well as the Ku Klux Klan (threatening Hale's life for his role in Champ Ferguson's death). Other subjects include: Ulysses S. Grant, scouts and spies in the Civil War, etc.

    Indexing Terms

    Personal Names

    Ferguson, Champ, 1821-1865
    Grant, Ulysses S. (Ulysses Simpson), 1822-1885
    Hale, J. D. (Jonathan D.) -- Archives
    Hale, Pheroba Ann Chilton
    Rosecrans, William S. (William Starke), 1819-1898
    Thomas, George H. (George Henry), 1816-1870

    Corporate Names

    Ku Klux Klan (19th century)


    Guerrillas -- Southern States -- History -- 19th century -- Sources
    Scouts (Reconnaissance) -- United States
    Spies -- United States

    Geographic Areas

    Kentucky -- History -- Civil War, 1861-1865 -- Personal narratives
    Tennessee -- History -- Civil War, 1861-1865 -- Personal narratives
    United States -- History -- Civil War, 1861-1865 -- Personal narratives, Union
    United States -- History -- Civil War, 1861-1865 -- Women


    Letters (correspondence) -- United States -- 19th century
    Legal documents -- United States -- 19th century
    Notebooks -- United States -- 19th century
    Pamphlets -- United States -- 19th century