Scope and Content
Title: Jonathan D. Hale papers
Inclusive Dates: 1830-1894
Bulk Dates: 1861-1870
Collection Number: mssJDH 1-377
Creator OR Collector:
Hale, J. D. (Jonathan D.)
Approximately 400 items
The Huntington Library, Art Collections, and Botanical Gardens
The Huntington Library
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Abstract: Papers of Jonathan D. Hale a Unionist from Tennessee who served as a scout in Kentucky during the Civil War. This extensive
archive of roughly 400 items documents the turmoil of irregular warfare in Tennessee and Kentucky.
Language of Material: The records are in English.
Collection is open to qualified researchers by prior application through the
Reader Services Department. For more information, please go to following
The Huntington Library does not require that researchers request permission to quote from or publish images of this material,
nor does it charge fees for such activities. The responsibility for identifying the copyright holder, if there is one, and
obtaining necessary permissions rests with the researcher.
[Identification of item], Jonathan D. Hale papers, The Huntington Library, San
Purchased by the Huntington Library Collectors' Council from M & S Rare Books, Inc., January 2013.
Jonathan Davis Hale (1817-1898) was the Chief of Spies for the Union command in Tennessee. His wife, Pheroba, stayed on their
Mill in Fentress County, Tennessee during the Civil War.
Arranged as follows: Boxes 1-6: Correspondence and Documents; Box 7: Notebooks; Box 8: Printed Material and Ephemera. Each
series is arranged chronological.
Scope and Content
The voluminous correspondence, notebooks, affidavits, eyewitness testimonies, and published pamphlets of the family of Jonathan
D. Hale contain a wealth of previously unknown information about the Civil War in Tennessee and Kentucky, including the organization
of Unionist communities; women’s contributions to the war effort; guerrilla warfare; the fate of Unionists' slaves; Reconstruction
in East Tennessee and the rise of the Ku Klux Klan; and complicated and bitter politics of veterans' affairs in the wake of
the Civil War. The letters, orders, reports, and communications written during Hale's services with General George H. Thomas
(1816–1870) is a unique resource for historians of Civil War civilian scouts and guides, a topic that remains largely unexplored.
The papers of Jonathan Davis Hale and Pheroba Ann Chilton Hale chiefly contain correspondence between husband and wife,
1850s-1890s, concentrated 1861-1870. Includes 88 letters from Pheroba to Jonathan, 1862-1865; 12 letters from Pheroba to Jonathan,
1869-1870, detailing problems at the Mill after Jonathan fled the Klan; 62 letters from Jonathan to Pheroba; Jonathan's notebook,
1864-1872; 40 pages of memoranda and correspondence of Hale, 1862-1865, as General Thomas' Chief Scout; another Hale notebook
containing signed testimonial statements and other commentary from those injured, charging as guerrillas, Champ Ferguson,
Galen Elliott and Henry Sublett, 1865; plus other war related material including unrecorded pamphlets, etc, 1872-1892. There
are also letters by General William S. Rosecrans as well as the Ku Klux Klan (threatening Hale's life for his role in Champ
Ferguson's death). Other subjects include: Ulysses S. Grant, scouts and spies in the Civil War, etc.
Ferguson, Champ, 1821-1865
Grant, Ulysses S. (Ulysses Simpson), 1822-1885
Hale, J. D. (Jonathan D.) -- Archives
Hale, Pheroba Ann Chilton
Rosecrans, William S. (William Starke), 1819-1898
Thomas, George H. (George Henry), 1816-1870
Ku Klux Klan (19th century)
Guerrillas -- Southern States -- History -- 19th century -- Sources
Scouts (Reconnaissance) -- United States
Spies -- United States
Kentucky -- History -- Civil War, 1861-1865 -- Personal narratives
Tennessee -- History -- Civil War, 1861-1865 -- Personal narratives
United States -- History -- Civil War, 1861-1865 -- Personal narratives, Union
United States -- History -- Civil War, 1861-1865 -- Women
Letters (correspondence) -- United States -- 19th century
Legal documents -- United States -- 19th century
Notebooks -- United States -- 19th century
Pamphlets -- United States -- 19th century