Finding Aid to Arizona Historical Photographs Collection, 1873-1955 MS.251

Craig Klyver and Holly Rose Larson
Library and Archives at the Autry
2011 July
210 South Victory Blvd.
Burbank, CA 91502

Contributing Institution: Library and Archives at the Autry
Title: Arizona Historical Photographs Collection
Creator: Hodge, Gene Meany
Creator: C. C. Pierce & Co.
Creator: Maude, F. H. (Frederic Hamer)
Creator: James, George Wharton
Creator: Watkins, Frances E. (Frances Emma)
Creator: Vroman, A. C. (Adam Clark)
Creator: Lummis, Charles Fletcher
Creator: Waite, C. B.
Creator: Southwest Museum (Los Angeles, Calif.)
Creator: Munk, J. A. (Joseph Amasa)
Identifier/Call Number: MS.251
Physical Description: 6 Linear Feet (14 boxes)
Date (inclusive): 1873-1955
Date (bulk): 1873-1926
Abstract: The Arizona Historical Photograph collection includes various photographic formats created between 1883-1955. It focuses on two main groups: 1. Civic development subjects such as agriculture, construction, mining, and water reclamation, and 2. Scenic views in and around the Grand Canyon. The collection was assembled by the Southwest Museum staff and includes works from multiple creators and collectors.
Physical Location: Located in the Braun Research Library Photo Archives
Language of Material: English .

Conditions Governing Access

Appointments to view materials are required. To make an appointment please visit  and fill out the Researcher Application Form.

Conditions Governing Use

Copyright has not been assigned to the Autry Museum of the American West. All requests for permission to publish or quote from manuscripts must be submitted in writing to the Head of Research Services and Archives. Permission for publication is given on behalf of the Autry Museum of the American West as the custodian of the physical items and is not intended to include or imply permission of the copyright holder, which must also be obtained by the reader.

Preferred Citation

Arizona Historical Photograph Collection, 1873-1955, Braun Research Library Collection, Autry Museum of the American West; MS.251; [box number] [folder number] [folder title] [date]


Mrs. Hector Alliot, 1941; Ralph Braddock, 1950-1951; John Dewar, circa 1980-circa 1995; P. G. Gates, circa 1923; M. C. Harris, 1917; Zahrah Preble Hodge, 1932-1935; George Wharton James, 1923-1932; Charles Fletcher Lummis, 1928; Joseph Amasa Munk, 1910; H. G. Odland, 1952; Gen. Charles McCormack Reeve, 1930s-1960s; Frank A. Schilling, 1932-1948; Theodore Arthur Willard, circa 1933; and unidentified donors.

Historical Note

Arizona was the 48th state to enter the United States of America, being granted statehood on 1912 February 14th. It has been populated by Native American tribes such as Apache, Havasupai, Hopi, Navajo, and Tohono O'odham, for at least 12,000 years. Spanish explorers from Mexico entered Arizona starting in 1539 and started settlements there in 1629. When Mexico gained independence from Spain in 1821, it claimed the land covering Arizona and New Mexico as a Mexican territory. The United States claimed this territory in 1848 after winning the Mexican War. Native Americans were always battling the various settlers, but the last raiding party of Apaches surrendered in 1886. Arizona is still home to the third-largest Native American population, with reservations inhabiting over a quarter of the state.
Due to Arizona's dry climate and sparse water resources, the Federal government constructed the Roosevelt Dam in 1911. Many other dams followed, allowing for irrigation throughout the state. Agriculture, mining, and manufacturing are Arizona's biggest industries. Tourism is also a great economic factor, with many natural and man-made destinations such as the Grand Canyon, Glen Canyon, the Petrified Forest, Fort Apache, and the Hoover Dam.
Arizona's nickname is the Grand Canyon State because of its most popular tourist destination. The Grand Canyon is a gorge in northwest Arizona, formed by the Colorado River. It began forming 6 million years ago, and its rock walls date back 2 million years. It is up to one mile deep, up to 18 miles wide in some parts, and over 200 miles long. Grand Canyon National Monument was recognized in 1908, and it was designated as a National Park in 1919. Its 1,904 square miles are comprised of wilderness habitats, trails, campgrounds, vistas, rock formations, and various bodies of water.

Scope and Contents

The Arizona Historical Photograph collection includes various photographic formats created between 1883-1955. They include albumen prints, cyanotypes, card photographs, copy prints, gelatin silver prints, photographic prints, salted paper prints, and stereographs. Images focus on civic development subjects such as agriculture, construction, mining, and water reclamation, and scenic views in and around the Grand Canyon.
Photographers include:
  • Bonine, Elias A., 1843-1916
  • Buehman Studio
  • C.C. Pierce & Co.
  • Cobb, William Henry, 1859-1909
  • Dickerson, Warren C.
  • Forbes, Andrew Alexander
  • Fraser, George C. (George Corning), 1872-1935
  • Frashers Inc.
  • Harris, Gladys, 1896-1980
  • Hodge, Gene Meany
  • James, George Wharton, 1858-1923
  • Jorgensen, Christian, 1860-1935 (painter)
  • Kilburn, B. W. (Benjamin West), 1827-1909
  • Laval, Claude C., 1882-1966
  • Lummis, Charles Fletcher, 1859-1928
  • Maude, F. H. (Frederic Hamer)
  • McCulloch Bros. (J. C.)
  • Munk, J. A. (Joseph Amasa), 1847-1927
  • Newman, Almeron
  • Osbon, Calvin
  • Pacific Photo
  • Peabody, Henry G. (Henry Greenwood), 1855-1951
  • Putnam & Valentine
  • Schwemberger, Simeon
  • Taber, I. W. (Isaiah West), 1830-1912
  • Underwood & Underwood
  • Vroman, A. C. (Adam Clark), 1856-1916
  • Watkins, Frances E. (Frances Emma), 1899-1957
  • Willson, Roscoe G. (Roscoe George), 1879-1976
  • Waite, C. B. (Charles Burlingame)

Processing History

Initial organization of the collection was performed by the registrar department of the Southwest Museum. Craig Klyver performed additional processing. A grant from the National Historical Publications and Records Commission (NHPRC) and the Ida Hull Crotty Foundation allowed for the images to be photographed and placed on an analog video disc system in the late 1980s. Additional processing and cataloging of the remaining series was performed by Holly Rose Larson, Project Archivist, funded by a later grant from the NHPRC in 2011.

Custodial History

These items were collected and donated by several individuals. See the Autry library catalog for more information about individual items. Collectors include Dr. & Mrs. Hector Alliot, Mr. Clifford Park Baldwin, Mr. Ralph Braddock, John Dewar, Dr. E. Leslie Eames, Mrs. Turbese Lummis Fiske, P. G. Gates, Miss Eleanor Hague, M. C. Harris, Mr. Fred Kimpton Hinchman, Mrs. Zahrah Preble Hodge, Mr. and Mrs. George Wharton James, Lt.-Com. Everette G. Lewis, Charles Fletcher Lummis, Dr. Joseph A. Munk, Mr. H. G. Odland, Mr. P. T. Reilly, Mrs. Fannie W. Palmer, Gen. Charles McCormack Reeve, Mrs. William Reeves, Mr. Frank A. Schilling, Mr. Richard Van Valkenburgh, Mr. Theodore Arthur Willard, Roscoe Willson.
  • Arizona History P.4100-P.4385A, 1868-1927, 1946
  • Arizona History P.4386-P.4597, 1902-1926
  • Arizona History P.4598-P.4705, 1888-1906
  • Arizona History P.4706-P.4829, 1915-1924
  • Arizona History P.4830-4999, 1880-1955
  • Arizona, Grand Canyon P.43966-P.44194, 1893-1900
  • Arizona, Grand Canyon P.44195-P.44417, 1873-1897
  • Arizona, Grand Canyon P.44418-P.44583, 1897
  • Arizona, Grand Canyon P.44585-P.44790, 1898-1930
  • Arizona, Grand Canyon P.44791-P.44932, 1888-1899
  • Arizona, Grand Canyon P.44943-P.45143, 1899
  • Arizona, Grand Canyon P.45144-P.45309, 1890-1915
  • Arizona, Grand Canyon P.45310-P.45590, 1893-1925
  • Arizona Scenery P.45591-P.45855, 1915

Other Finding Aids

Please see the Autry Library catalog for individual catalog records.

Related Archival Materials

J. A. (Joseph Amasa) Munk Papers, and other material, 1834-1928, Braun Research Library, Autry Museum of the American West; MS.209
George Wharton James Manuscript Collection, undated, Braun Research Library, Autry Museum of the American West; MS.4
Frederick Webb Hodge Manuscript Collection, 1884-1956, Braun Research Library, Autry Museum of the American West; MS.7
Charles Fletcher Lummis Papers, 1888-1928, Braun Research Library Collection, Autry Museum of the American West; MS.1
Hector and Laurena Alliot Manuscript Collection, 1901-1925, Braun Research Library Collection, Autry Museum of the American West; MS.216

Subjects and Indexing Terms

Copy prints
Card photographs
Mining engineering
Gold panning
Missions -- Arizona
Building -- Design and construction
Grand Canyon (Ariz.)
Agriculture -- Arizona
Albumen prints
Gelatin silver prints
Landscape photography
Salted paper prints
Arizona -- History

box 24

Arizona History P.4100-P.4385A 1868-1927, 1946 1868-1927

box 25

Arizona History P.4386-P.4597 1902-1926

Language of Material: English, Old (ca.450-1100).
box 26

Arizona History P.4598-P.4705 1880-1906

Language of Material: English, Old (ca.450-1100).
box 27

Arizona History P.4706-P.4829 1915-1924

Language of Material: English, Old (ca.450-1100).
box 28

Arizona History P.4830-4999 1880-1955

Language of Material: English, Old (ca.450-1100).
box 240

Arizona, Grand Canyon P.43966-P.44194 1893-1900

Language of Material: English, Old (ca.450-1100).
box 241

Arizona, Grand Canyon P.44195-P.44417 1873-1897

Language of Material: English, Old (ca.450-1100).
box 242

Arizona, Grand Canyon P.44418-P.44583 1897

Language of Material: English, Old (ca.450-1100).
box 243

Arizona, Grand Canyon P.44585-P.44790 1898-1930

Language of Material: English, Old (ca.450-1100).
box 244

Arizona, Grand Canyon P.44791-P.44932 1888-1899

Language of Material: English, Old (ca.450-1100).
box 245

Arizona, Grand Canyon P.44943-P.45143 1899

Language of Material: English, Old (ca.450-1100).
box 246

Arizona, Grand Canyon P.45144-P.45309 1890-1915

Language of Material: English, Old (ca.450-1100).
box 247

Arizona, Grand Canyon P.45310-P.45590 1893-1925

Language of Material: English, Old (ca.450-1100).
box 248

Arizona Scenery P.45591-P.45855 1915

Language of Material: English, Old (ca.450-1100).