Inventory of the Collection of Kiyoshi Uyekawa Tule Lake Camp Collection SPC .2019.030

Lindsay Anderson; Yoko Okunishi
California State University Dominguez Hills, Gerth Archives and Special Collections
September 4, 2019; June 2021
University Library South -5039 (Fifth Floor)
1000 E. Victoria St.
Carson, CA 90747
archives@csudh.edu


Contributing Institution: California State University Dominguez Hills, Gerth Archives and Special Collections
Title: Kiyoshi Uyekawa Tule Lake camp collection
source: Uyekawa, Gary
Creator: Uyekawa, Kiyoshi
Creator: Uyekawa, Mitsuye Ogo
Identifier/Call Number: SPC .2019.030
Physical Description: 3 boxes (3 document boxes)
Physical Description: 1.04 Linear Feet (3 document boxes)
Date (inclusive): 1942-1980
Date (bulk): 1942-1946
Abstract: The collection comprises of Tule Lake newsletters and bulletins, materials issued by the Pro-Japanese group, Sokoku Hoshidan (or Hoshi Dan), WRA publications, and incarceration documents that mostly belonged to Kiyoshi and Mitsuye Uyekawa. There are also Kiyoshi's manuscripts of original fictional works, copies of fictional works by Japanese authors, and correspondence, bulletins, and manuscripts by the haiku society members. Most of the items in this collection have been digitized and are available online.
Material Specific Details: English translation, synopses, and brief descriptions for Japanese language materials are available at CSU Japanese American Digitization Project site.
Language of Material: Japanese , English .

Conditions Governing Access

There are no access restrictions on this collection.

Availability of Digital Reproductions

Most of the items in this collection have been digitized and digital reproduction access derivatives (access files) are available at the CSU Japanese American Digitization Project site: Kiyoshi Uyekawa Tule Lake Camp Digital Collection 

Arrangement

Arranged in four series:
  1. Series I: Wartime publications (1942-1946)
  2. Series II: Family incarceration documents and oral history (1942-1946; 1963; 1980)
  3. Series III: Fictional works manuscripts (1943-1946)
  4. Series IV: Haiku poem societies and Banjin Koide (Kyo Koide) correspondence (1943-1945)

Kiyoshi Uyekawa

Kiyoshi Uyekawa (1921 March 30-2008 March 5) was born on March 30, 1921 in Livingston, Montana. His parents, Kiyono (nee Yokota) and Kiyoto Uyekawa, immigrated from Kabe, Hiroshima, Japan to the United States where his father worked as a railroad foreman. Not liking the railroad gang environment, Kiyono moved back to Hiroshima with her two sons and two daughters. When Kiyoshi completed high school in Japan, he was sent back to the United States by his mother in 1938 to work with his father in Seattle, Washington because she felt she could not support his dream of attending university to become a novelist in Japan. He briefly moved to Los Angeles to live with his aunt and uncle at their hotel and attended Belmont High School to learn English, but he eventually moved back to Montana and then back to Seattle once again for railroad-related work.
After the war broke out, he was sent to the Pinedale Assembly Center and later incarcerated in Tule Lake where he would meet his future wife, Mitsuye Ogo. At Tule Lake, he was engaged in writing and was an active member of the Tule Lake haiku society, Tsurireki Ginsha. He was one of the editors of their bulletins and created haiku poems under the pseudonym, Utata Uyekawa. His haiku poems were often selected and published in the Minidoka haiku society's monthly bulletins as well.
During incarceration, he and his wife determined to renounce their U.S. citizenship and go to Japan while his father, Kiyoto, chose to be transferred to the Minidoka camp in Idaho and left for Oregon when he was released. Kiyoshi was apparently a member of one of the Pro-Japanese groups formed in the Tule Lake camp, Hokoku Seinendan (or Hokoku Seinen Dan), which consisted of mostly Kibei Nisei men. However, because of Mitsuye's pregnancy, the family decided to stay in the camp until their baby was delivered safely. In the meantime, the atomic bombing by the U.S. military destroyed their family and home in Hiroshima, and they no longer had a place to go in Japan. Ultimately, they left Tule Lake for Clearfield in Utah in March 1946 where Mitsuye's sister, Takeko, had settled. Later, they returned to Gardena, California from Utah, and Kiyoshi started a gardening business and continued to read books during his spare time. He passed away on March 5, 2008. It appears that his father, Kiyoto, returned from Oregon to Gardena to stay with Kiyoshi's family briefly and returned to Japan. He passed away in 1970.

Preferred Citation

For information about citing archival material, see the Citations for Archival Material  guide, or consult the appropriate style manual.

Processing Information

This collection was processed by Lindsay Anderson in 2019; rearranged and English translation, synopses, and brief descriptions for Japanese language materials were provided by Yoko Okunishi in 2021.

Digital Reproductions

The Gerth Archives and Special Collections created digital reproductions from original items for long-term preservation and electronic access, adhering to best practice and standards to ensure the authenticity, integrity, and security of material. For more information on digitization process, please see CSU Japanese American Digitization Project technical reference guide .
Most of the items in this collection have been digitized. The set of digital reproduction preservation files is stored on the Gerth Archives and Special Collections' department drive for both preservation purposes and duplication requests.

CSU Japanese American Digitization Project

This collection is part of the California State University Japanese American Digitization Project. Other collections about the history of Japanese Americans are found in the digital repository: CSU Japanese American Digitization Project 

Scope and Contents

The collection comprising the Kiyoshi Uyekawa family incarceration camp materials (1942-1980, bulk 1942-1946) mainly documents the time he and his family were incarcerated at the Tule Lake camp during World War II. Included are the wartime publications collected by Kiyoshi Uyekawa while incarcerated in the Tule Lake camp, such as Tule Lake newsletters and bulletins, materials issued by the Pro-Japanese group, Sokoku Hoshidan (or Hoshi Dan), WRA publications, his family's incarceration documents, which include documents regarding his and his wife, Mitsuye's repatriation, such as approval for renunciation of U.S. citizenship, application for cancellation of renunciation, and response letters from Department of Justice issued in 1959, Mitsuye's oral history conducted in November 1980, his fictional works' manuscripts, bulletins and manuscripts of haiku poems authored by the members of the haiku societies incarcerated in the camps, and letters from Kyo Koide, who was a prominent figure in the community as a photographer, physician, and poet under the pseudonym, Banjin Koide.

Conditions Governing Use

All requests for permission to publish or quote from manuscripts must be submitted in writing to the Director of Archives and Special Collections. Permission for publication is given on behalf of Special Collections as the owner of the physical materials and not intended to include or imply permission of the copyright holder, which must also be obtained.

Mitsuye Uyekawa

Mitsuye Uyekawa (nee Ogo) (1921 December 6-2008 April 25) was born on December 6, 1921 in Los Angeles, California. When Mitsuye was 6 months old, her mother, Kiyo, returned to Toyoku, Okayama, Japan, bringing all her siblings because of Kiyo's ill health. After recuperation, her mother and siblings left for the United States but she remained in Japan and was raised by her aunt and uncle. After she completed high school, she decided to return to the United States in 1939 to reunite with her widowed father, Mohei (1881-1972), and brother, Hideo (1917-1990), in Compton, California. When the war broke out, the Ogos fled to Clovis and Mitsuye's sister, Takeko, and her husband left for Utah respectively to avoid the military zones by Executive Order 9066. However, six months later, the Ogos received the notice in Clovis, California and was incarcerated at the Poston incarceration camp in Parker, Arizona. During incarceration, Mohei chose to go to the Tule Lake Segregation Center in Newell, California and the whole family was transferred in October 1943. It was there where Mitsuye met Kiyoshi Uyekawa through her father and they were married on December 16, 1944. They had their first child, David Tadasu in the camp, and left for Utah with her brother, Hideo, and father, Mohei, and reunited with her sister, Takeko. Later, Kiyoshi, Mitsuye, and David returned to Gardena and other four children they named Gary Takashi, Naomi Margaret, Richard Sanao, and Eddie Wataru were born. They settled in Gardena, California where she maintained a busy and active life until she passed away on April 25, 2008.

Pro-Japanese groups in the Tule Lake Segregation Center

Pro-Japanese groups in the Tule Lake Segregation Center Segregation of "disloyal" incarcerees in the Tule Lake Segregation Center escalated Japanese nationalism and let to form pro-Japanese groups at Tule Lake. At the same time, the Renunciation Act of 1944 signed by the President Roosevelt encouraged the Nisei to renounce their U.S. citizenship. The pro-Japanese groups were commonly referred to the "Hokoku Hoshidan" or "Hokoku Hoshi Dan" which consisted of three groups: (1) Sokuji Kikoku Hoshidan (Hoshi Dan), translated as "Organization to Return Immediately to the Homeland Japan to Serve" consisted of the Issei leaders; (2) Sokoku Kenkyu Seinendan (or Seinen Dan), or "Young Men's Association for the Study of the Motherland," and later renamed to Hokoku Seinendan (or Seinen Dan), or "Young Men's Association to Serve the Nation" led by the Kibei Nisei men; and (3) Hokoku Joshi Seinendan (Seinen Dan), or "Young Women's Association to Serve the Nation," a women's group. As a result, 5,700 Nisei renounced their U.S. citizenship and about 8,000, including Issei repatriates, returned to Japan.

Kyo Koide and Haiku poem society, "Ginsha"

Kyo Koide (1878 February 11-1947 March 31) was born in Japan in 1878, immigrated to the United States, and settled in Seattle, Washington. He was a highly respected photographer nationally and internationally as well as a physician and poet under the pseudonym, Banjin Koide, in the Japanese American community. He founded the Seattle haiku society, "Rainier Ginsha," in 1934, which has still continued now, and served as an editor for their monthly bulletins. During the war, the Rainier Ginsha disbanded because of the mass removal of Japanese Americans from the West Coast but he established the Minidoka haiku society, "Minidoka Ginsha," during his incarceration in the Minidoka camp in Idaho. Haiku societies, "Ginsha," were formed in several incarceration camps during the war, and the members in different camps interacted with each other. After being released from the camp, Dr. Koide returned to Seattle and resumed the Rainier Ginsha and continued mentoring the Tule Lake haiku society members. He passed away in 1947.

Subjects and Indexing Terms

World War, 1939-1945 -- Concentration Camps -- United States
World War, 1939-1945 -- Forced removal of civilians -- United States
World War, 1939-1945 -- Conscientious objectors
Haiku
Japanese Americans -- California
Manuscripts, Japanese
Uyekawa, Gary
Ogo, Mohei
Ogo, Hideo
Tule Lake Segregation Center
Tule Lake Incarceration Camp
Minidoka Incarceration Camp
Poston Incarceration Camp

 

Series I: Wartime publications Series I 1942-1946

Physical Description: 2 boxes(2 document boxes)
Physical Description: 0.83 Linear Feet(2 document boxes)
Language of Material: Japanese, English.

Scope and Contents

Wartime publications series consists of bulletins, newsletters, pamphlets, announcements, and others that were published during World War II and collected by Kiyoshi Uyekawa while incarcerated in the Tule Lake camp. Most of the items were published for or by the incarcerees in the Tule Lake camp.
 

Sub-Series A: Tule Lake bulletins and newspapers 1944 February 22-1945 January 10

Scope and Contents

Included are bulletins and newspapers issued in the Tule Lake Segregation Center, "The Tule Lake WRA Center information bulletin; The Newell star = Tsurireki shinpo 鶴嶺湖新報" and "Information bulletin = Kokuji 告示."
box 1, folder 1

Tule Lake WRA Center information bulletin = Tsurireki shinpo 鶴嶺湖新報, 第1-2号 1944 February 22-March 2

Language of Material: Japanese, English.
box 1, folder 2-25

The Newell star = Tsurireki shinpo 鶴嶺湖新報 1944 March 2-1946 February 21

Language of Material: Japanese, English.
box 1, folder 26

Information bulletin (Newell, Calif.: 1945), no. 2 = Kokuji 告示 1945 January 10

Language of Material: English, Japanese.
 

Sub-Series B: Sokoku Hoshi Dan bulletins and newsletters 1944 November 15-1946 January 8

Scope and Contents

Included are materials issued by the pro-Japanese group, Sokoku Hoshi Dan (or Sokoku Hoshidan), which was formed in the Tule Lake Segregation Center.
box 1, folder 27

Sokoku Kenkyu Seinendan Dai Shichishibu junpo 祖國研究靑年團第七支部旬報 1944 November 15

Language of Material: Japanese.
box 1, folder 28

Hokoku Dai Shichishibu junpo 報國第七支部旬報 1944 December 15

box 1, folder 29

Hokoku 報國 1944 December 6-1945 January 15

box 1, folder 30

Honbu dayori 本部だより 1946 January 3-8

Language of Material: Japanese.
box 1, folder 31

Hokoku 報告 December 1944-1945

Language of Material: Japanese.
box 1, folder 32

Open letter to Masao Sakamoto and Tsutomu Higashi (chairman Sokuji Kikoku Hoshi Dan, Hokoku Seinen Dan) from the Department of Justice 1945 January 18

Language of Material: English.
box 1, folder 33

Proclamation 1945 January 26

Language of Material: Japanese.
 

Sub-Series C: Pamphlets, announcements, book, and photograph 1943-1945

Scope and Contents

Included are pamphlets and announcements issued by War Relocation Authority and other U.S. government agencies during the war as well as a Tule Lake panorama. There is also a Poston Red Cross anniversary book which was presumably collected by his wife, Mitsuye Ogo Uyekawa or her family members while incarcerated in the Poston camp prior to being transferred to the Tule Lake Segregation Center.
box 2, folder 1

Japanese translations of The relocation program; Segregation of persons of Japanese ancestry in relocation centers 1943 May-August

box 2, folder 2

An appeal to all Americans of Japanese ancestry and their parents = 語學特科兵募集に就き全日系人に請う 1943 June 23

box 2, folder 3

Application for leave clearance (WRA 126 rev.) and questions and answers regarding WRA 126 rev., Japanese = W.R.A. 出所免狀下附申請書, WRA 修正第126号; W.R.A. 126 (改正)号に関する質問 1943

box 2, folder 4

Announcements at Tule Lake 1945; 1945-03

box 2, folder 5

Tule Lake camp panorama 1945

box 2, folder 6

Poston Red Cross: the first year = 創立一周年記念 1943-11-01

Language of Material: English, Japanese.
 

Sub-Series D: Scrapbook and clippings 1943-1945

Scope and Contents

Included are items and pages from a scrapbook compiled by Kiyoshi Uyekawa while incarcerated at the Tule Lake camp. He collected clippings from "Information bulletin," "Tulean dispatch," "Daily Tulean dispatch," and "Tulean dispatch daily" and other materials issued in the camp. There are also other clippings, such as pages from "The Rocky shinpo New Year's edition, vol. 2, no. 1" and an article "Home affairs: how to tell your friends from the Japs" from "Time magazine," page 33 published on Monday, December 22, 1941.
box 2, folder 7-17

Scrapbook 1943-1945

Language of Material: Japanese, English.
box 2, folder 18

Daily Tulean dispatch clipping 1943

Language of Material: Japanese.
box 2, folder 19-20

Clippings from: The Rocky shinpo; Time magazine 1941 December 22; 1945 January 1

Language of Material: English, Japanese.
 

Series II: Family incarceration documents and oral history Series II 1942-1946; 1963; 1980 1942-1946

Physical Description: 4 folders
Language of Material: Japanese, English.

Scope and Contents

Family incarceration documents and oral history series comprises of materials issued to and collected by Kiyoshi and Mitsuye Uyekawa, a document issued to Hideo Ogo, Mitsuye's brother while incarcerated in the Pinedale Assembly Center and the Tule Lake camp. Included are Kiyoshi Uyekawa's immunization record and arrival, temporary travel permit and identification from the WRA, war ration book, notices of assignments, Kiyoshi and Mitsuye's moving permits, Mitsuye's notice of approval of renunciation of United States nationality, Rescission of Exclusion notice, Mitsuye and Kiyoshi's repatriation to Japan request cancellation applications, and a release document issued to Mitsue's brother, Hideo Ogo. There are also letters from Department of Justice informing Kiyoshi and Mitsue that their U.S. citizenship was reinstated, which were issued in 1959 and Mitsuye Uyekawa's oral history as told to and written by Ikuko Kiriyama in November 1980. There are also a letter and a notice to Mohei Ogo, Mitsuye's father, for his shipment from Japan in 1963.
box 2, folder 21-22

Family incarceration documents 1942 May 15-1959 April 24 1942 May 15-1945 November 15

Language of Material: English.
box 2, folder 23

Oral History of Mitsuye Ogo Uyekawa 1980 November

Language of Material: English.
box 2, folder 24

Shipment by Mohei Ogo 1963 November 15-25

Language of Material: Japanese.
 

Series III: Fictional works manuscripts Series III 1943-1946

Physical Description: 2 folders
Language of Material: Japanese.

Scope and Contents

Fictional works manuscripts series comprises of a manuscript and afterword for "Jidai shosetsu Semimaru denki 時代小説蟬丸傳奇, translated as "Historical novels: stories of Semimaru," that are original and fictional stories authored by Kiyoshi Uyekawa, and two fictitious works by Japanese authors, Fuzo Hayashi and Eiji Yoshikawa, which Kiyoshi Uyekawa copied out by hand. All were written and copied during his incarceration in the Tutle Lake camp.
box 2, folder 25

Jidai shosetsu Semimaru denki 時代小説蟬丸傳奇 [= Historical novels: stories of Semimaru by Kiyoshi Uyekawa] 1943 March 2-August 9

Language of Material: Japanese.
box 2, folder 26

Fictional works by Fubo Hayashi and Eiji Yoshikawa Series III circa 1943-1946

Language of Material: Japanese.
 

Series IV: Haiku societies and Banjin Koide (Kyo Koike) correspondence Series IV 1943 February-1945 December

Physical Description: 1 box(1 document box)
Physical Description: 0.2 Linear Feet(1 document box)
Language of Material: Japanese.

Scope and Contents

Haiku societies and Banjin Koide (Kyo Koike) correspondence series comprises of collections of haiku poems by haiku societies, "Minidoka Ginsha" "Tule Lake Ginsha" and "Rainier Ginsha," and a collection of letters from one of the haiku editors, Kyo Koide. Included are manuscripts of haiku poems and monthly bulletins of haiku poems authored by the haiku society members incarcerated in the Minidoka and Tule Lake camps during the war. Kiyoshi Uekawa wrote haiku poems under the pseudonym, "Utata Uyekawa 植川轉," and his poems were selected and listed in the bulletins published by the Minidoka Ginsha. He was also one of the editors for the Tule Lake Ginsha. There is a volume of manuscripts of haiku poems by the Tule Lake Ginsha members. Although it is numbered as "vol. 5," there are no other volumes included.
Kyo Koide was a prominent figure in the Japanese American community as physician and photographer as well as a poet under the pseudonym, "Banjin Koide." During his incarceration in the Minidoka camp, he was an editor for the monthly bulletins by the Minidoka Ginsha and mentored the members. There are also the monthly bulletins by the Rainier Ginsha, which was presumably mailed from Kyo Koide after he returned to Seattle, Washington. He wrote letters from the Minidoka camp where he had been incarcerated to the haiku society members in the Tule Lake camp. The letters were collected and compiled by Kiyoshi Uyekawa.
box 3, folder 1

Manuscripts of haiku poems by the Tule Lake Ginsha members 1944 November 24-1945 August 20

Language of Material: Japanese.
box 3, folder 2-3

Monthly bulletins by the Minidoka Ginsha 1943 February-June 1945

Language of Material: Japanese.
box 3, folder 4

Monthly bulletins by the Rainier Ginsha 1945 November-December

Language of Material: Japanese.
box 3, folder 5

Correspondence from Banjin Koike (Kyo Koike) 1944-1945

Language of Material: Japanese.