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Collection Details
 
Table of contents What's This?
  • Conditions Governing Access
  • Availability of Digital Reproductions
  • Arrangement
  • Kiyoshi Uyekawa
  • Preferred Citation
  • Processing Information
  • Digital Reproductions
  • CSU Japanese American Digitization Project
  • Scope and Contents
  • Conditions Governing Use
  • Mitsuye Uyekawa
  • Pro-Japanese groups in the Tule Lake Segregation Center
  • Kyo Koide and Haiku poem society, "Ginsha"

  • Contributing Institution: California State University Dominguez Hills, Gerth Archives and Special Collections
    Title: Kiyoshi Uyekawa Tule Lake camp collection
    source: Uyekawa, Gary
    Creator: Uyekawa, Kiyoshi
    Creator: Uyekawa, Mitsuye Ogo
    Identifier/Call Number: SPC .2019.030
    Physical Description: 3 boxes (3 document boxes)
    Physical Description: 1.04 Linear Feet (3 document boxes)
    Date (inclusive): 1942-1980
    Date (bulk): 1942-1946
    Abstract: The collection comprises of Tule Lake newsletters and bulletins, materials issued by the Pro-Japanese group, Sokoku Hoshidan (or Hoshi Dan), WRA publications, and incarceration documents that mostly belonged to Kiyoshi and Mitsuye Uyekawa. There are also Kiyoshi's manuscripts of original fictional works, copies of fictional works by Japanese authors, and correspondence, bulletins, and manuscripts by the haiku society members. Most of the items in this collection have been digitized and are available online.
    Material Specific Details: English translation, synopses, and brief descriptions for Japanese language materials are available at CSU Japanese American Digitization Project site.
    Language of Material: Japanese , English .

    Conditions Governing Access

    There are no access restrictions on this collection.

    Availability of Digital Reproductions

    Most of the items in this collection have been digitized and digital reproduction access derivatives (access files) are available at the CSU Japanese American Digitization Project site: Kiyoshi Uyekawa Tule Lake Camp Digital Collection 

    Arrangement

    Arranged in four series:
    1. Series I: Wartime publications (1942-1946)
    2. Series II: Family incarceration documents and oral history (1942-1946; 1963; 1980)
    3. Series III: Fictional works manuscripts (1943-1946)
    4. Series IV: Haiku poem societies and Banjin Koide (Kyo Koide) correspondence (1943-1945)

    Kiyoshi Uyekawa

    Kiyoshi Uyekawa (1921 March 30-2008 March 5) was born on March 30, 1921 in Livingston, Montana. His parents, Kiyono (nee Yokota) and Kiyoto Uyekawa, immigrated from Kabe, Hiroshima, Japan to the United States where his father worked as a railroad foreman. Not liking the railroad gang environment, Kiyono moved back to Hiroshima with her two sons and two daughters. When Kiyoshi completed high school in Japan, he was sent back to the United States by his mother in 1938 to work with his father in Seattle, Washington because she felt she could not support his dream of attending university to become a novelist in Japan. He briefly moved to Los Angeles to live with his aunt and uncle at their hotel and attended Belmont High School to learn English, but he eventually moved back to Montana and then back to Seattle once again for railroad-related work.
    After the war broke out, he was sent to the Pinedale Assembly Center and later incarcerated in Tule Lake where he would meet his future wife, Mitsuye Ogo. At Tule Lake, he was engaged in writing and was an active member of the Tule Lake haiku society, Tsurireki Ginsha. He was one of the editors of their bulletins and created haiku poems under the pseudonym, Utata Uyekawa. His haiku poems were often selected and published in the Minidoka haiku society's monthly bulletins as well.
    During incarceration, he and his wife determined to renounce their U.S. citizenship and go to Japan while his father, Kiyoto, chose to be transferred to the Minidoka camp in Idaho and left for Oregon when he was released. Kiyoshi was apparently a member of one of the Pro-Japanese groups formed in the Tule Lake camp, Hokoku Seinendan (or Hokoku Seinen Dan), which consisted of mostly Kibei Nisei men. However, because of Mitsuye's pregnancy, the family decided to stay in the camp until their baby was delivered safely. In the meantime, the atomic bombing by the U.S. military destroyed their family and home in Hiroshima, and they no longer had a place to go in Japan. Ultimately, they left Tule Lake for Clearfield in Utah in March 1946 where Mitsuye's sister, Takeko, had settled. Later, they returned to Gardena, California from Utah, and Kiyoshi started a gardening business and continued to read books during his spare time. He passed away on March 5, 2008. It appears that his father, Kiyoto, returned from Oregon to Gardena to stay with Kiyoshi's family briefly and returned to Japan. He passed away in 1970.

    Preferred Citation

    For information about citing archival material, see the Citations for Archival Material  guide, or consult the appropriate style manual.

    Processing Information

    This collection was processed by Lindsay Anderson in 2019; rearranged and English translation, synopses, and brief descriptions for Japanese language materials were provided by Yoko Okunishi in 2021.

    Digital Reproductions

    The Gerth Archives and Special Collections created digital reproductions from original items for long-term preservation and electronic access, adhering to best practice and standards to ensure the authenticity, integrity, and security of material. For more information on digitization process, please see CSU Japanese American Digitization Project technical reference guide .
    Most of the items in this collection have been digitized. The set of digital reproduction preservation files is stored on the Gerth Archives and Special Collections' department drive for both preservation purposes and duplication requests.

    CSU Japanese American Digitization Project

    This collection is part of the California State University Japanese American Digitization Project. Other collections about the history of Japanese Americans are found in the digital repository: CSU Japanese American Digitization Project 

    Scope and Contents

    The collection comprising the Kiyoshi Uyekawa family incarceration camp materials (1942-1980, bulk 1942-1946) mainly documents the time he and his family were incarcerated at the Tule Lake camp during World War II. Included are the wartime publications collected by Kiyoshi Uyekawa while incarcerated in the Tule Lake camp, such as Tule Lake newsletters and bulletins, materials issued by the Pro-Japanese group, Sokoku Hoshidan (or Hoshi Dan), WRA publications, his family's incarceration documents, which include documents regarding his and his wife, Mitsuye's repatriation, such as approval for renunciation of U.S. citizenship, application for cancellation of renunciation, and response letters from Department of Justice issued in 1959, Mitsuye's oral history conducted in November 1980, his fictional works' manuscripts, bulletins and manuscripts of haiku poems authored by the members of the haiku societies incarcerated in the camps, and letters from Kyo Koide, who was a prominent figure in the community as a photographer, physician, and poet under the pseudonym, Banjin Koide.

    Conditions Governing Use

    All requests for permission to publish or quote from manuscripts must be submitted in writing to the Director of Archives and Special Collections. Permission for publication is given on behalf of Special Collections as the owner of the physical materials and not intended to include or imply permission of the copyright holder, which must also be obtained.

    Mitsuye Uyekawa

    Mitsuye Uyekawa (nee Ogo) (1921 December 6-2008 April 25) was born on December 6, 1921 in Los Angeles, California. When Mitsuye was 6 months old, her mother, Kiyo, returned to Toyoku, Okayama, Japan, bringing all her siblings because of Kiyo's ill health. After recuperation, her mother and siblings left for the United States but she remained in Japan and was raised by her aunt and uncle. After she completed high school, she decided to return to the United States in 1939 to reunite with her widowed father, Mohei (1881-1972), and brother, Hideo (1917-1990), in Compton, California. When the war broke out, the Ogos fled to Clovis and Mitsuye's sister, Takeko, and her husband left for Utah respectively to avoid the military zones by Executive Order 9066. However, six months later, the Ogos received the notice in Clovis, California and was incarcerated at the Poston incarceration camp in Parker, Arizona. During incarceration, Mohei chose to go to the Tule Lake Segregation Center in Newell, California and the whole family was transferred in October 1943. It was there where Mitsuye met Kiyoshi Uyekawa through her father and they were married on December 16, 1944. They had their first child, David Tadasu in the camp, and left for Utah with her brother, Hideo, and father, Mohei, and reunited with her sister, Takeko. Later, Kiyoshi, Mitsuye, and David returned to Gardena and other four children they named Gary Takashi, Naomi Margaret, Richard Sanao, and Eddie Wataru were born. They settled in Gardena, California where she maintained a busy and active life until she passed away on April 25, 2008.

    Pro-Japanese groups in the Tule Lake Segregation Center

    Pro-Japanese groups in the Tule Lake Segregation Center Segregation of "disloyal" incarcerees in the Tule Lake Segregation Center escalated Japanese nationalism and let to form pro-Japanese groups at Tule Lake. At the same time, the Renunciation Act of 1944 signed by the President Roosevelt encouraged the Nisei to renounce their U.S. citizenship. The pro-Japanese groups were commonly referred to the "Hokoku Hoshidan" or "Hokoku Hoshi Dan" which consisted of three groups: (1) Sokuji Kikoku Hoshidan (Hoshi Dan), translated as "Organization to Return Immediately to the Homeland Japan to Serve" consisted of the Issei leaders; (2) Sokoku Kenkyu Seinendan (or Seinen Dan), or "Young Men's Association for the Study of the Motherland," and later renamed to Hokoku Seinendan (or Seinen Dan), or "Young Men's Association to Serve the Nation" led by the Kibei Nisei men; and (3) Hokoku Joshi Seinendan (Seinen Dan), or "Young Women's Association to Serve the Nation," a women's group. As a result, 5,700 Nisei renounced their U.S. citizenship and about 8,000, including Issei repatriates, returned to Japan.

    Kyo Koide and Haiku poem society, "Ginsha"

    Kyo Koide (1878 February 11-1947 March 31) was born in Japan in 1878, immigrated to the United States, and settled in Seattle, Washington. He was a highly respected photographer nationally and internationally as well as a physician and poet under the pseudonym, Banjin Koide, in the Japanese American community. He founded the Seattle haiku society, "Rainier Ginsha," in 1934, which has still continued now, and served as an editor for their monthly bulletins. During the war, the Rainier Ginsha disbanded because of the mass removal of Japanese Americans from the West Coast but he established the Minidoka haiku society, "Minidoka Ginsha," during his incarceration in the Minidoka camp in Idaho. Haiku societies, "Ginsha," were formed in several incarceration camps during the war, and the members in different camps interacted with each other. After being released from the camp, Dr. Koide returned to Seattle and resumed the Rainier Ginsha and continued mentoring the Tule Lake haiku society members. He passed away in 1947.

    Subjects and Indexing Terms

    World War, 1939-1945 -- Concentration Camps -- United States
    World War, 1939-1945 -- Forced removal of civilians -- United States
    World War, 1939-1945 -- Conscientious objectors
    Haiku
    Japanese Americans -- California
    Manuscripts, Japanese
    Uyekawa, Gary
    Ogo, Mohei
    Ogo, Hideo
    Tule Lake Segregation Center
    Tule Lake Incarceration Camp
    Minidoka Incarceration Camp
    Poston Incarceration Camp