The Extraordinary Lutheran Ministries (ELM) Collection documents the efforts of gay, lesbian, bisexual, and transgender Lutherans
to support the theology of their denomination and like oriented ministers. The collection is owned by the Center for LGBT
and Gender Studies in Religion and managed by the Graduate Theological Union Archives.
The Extraordinary Lutheran Ministries (ELM) represent the efforts of gay, lesbian, bisexual, and transgender Lutherans to
support the theology of their denomination and support like oriented ministers.
The ELM represents a merger of two organizations, Lutheran Lesbian & Gay Ministries, founded in 1990, and the Extraordinary
Candidacy Project. Founded in 1993), in 2007.
Two San Francisco Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA) congregations, St. Francis Lutheran Church and First United
Lutheran Church, joined together to form Lutheran Lesbian & Gay Ministries (LLGM) in 1990. They requested a gay man and a
lesbian couple to become their pastors. However, as these qualified ministers were sexually active, this violated the ELCA
rule that same sex-oriented ministers be celibate. After a grueling fight, this led to both churches being expelled from
the ELCA in 1996.
The Extraordinary Candidacy Project was formed in 1993 to credential openly gay, lesbian, bisexual, and transgender persons
to be ministers in the Lutheran Church. The preparation matched the process by the ELCA. The focus was to assist ministerial
candidates who had been denied commissioning and ordination due to their sexual orientation or who had been removed because
of their sexual orientation.
In 2009, the ELCA voted to admit gay and lesbian pastors into the clergy, sending an apology and invitation to reunite with
the two San Francisco congregations. St. Francis voted to rejoin in 2009. First United rejoined in 2012.
Copyright has not been assigned to The Graduate Theological Union. All requests for permission to publish or quote from manuscripts
must be submitted in writing to the Archivist. Permission for publication is given on behalf of The Graduate Theological Union
as the owner of the physical items and is not intended to include or imply permission of the copyright holder, which must
also be obtained by the reader.