The collection consists of over 120 letters, manuscripts and documents related to James F. Mercer and his death at Fort Oswego,
New York, in 1756 and the settling of his estate after his death.
James F. Mercer was Colonel of William Pepperell's 51st Regiment of Royal Americans, commanding Fort Oswego (Oswego, N.Y.).
On August 11, 1756, French commander Louis-Joseph de Montcalm besieged the fort with 3,000 men, most of whom were Canadian
militiamen and Indigenous people warriors. Mercer was killed on August 14 by a French cannonball, and the garrison quickly
surrendered after his death. When the soldiers left the fort, the French-allied Indigenous peoples attacked them. The defeat
for England became a subject of inquiry conducted by John Campbell, the 4th Earl of Loudoun, who had arrived just three weeks
prior to the battle.
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