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Pai (Ch'ung-hsi) papers
2018C4  
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Description
The Pai Ch'ung-hsi 白崇禧 papers include diaries, writings, correspondence, notes, DVDs, photographs, and a videotape relating to the Sino-Japanese War and the Chinese Civil War.
Background
Pai Ch'ung-hsi 白崇禧 (Bai Chongxi) (1893-1966) was born in Guilin, Guangxi Province, into a Chinese Muslim family of Hui nationality. In 1921, after graduating from Baoding Military Academy, Pai joined Sun Yat-sen's revolutionary movement. During the Northern Expedition of 1926 to 1928, which aimed at annihilating regional warlords and reunifying the whole of China, Pai served as the chief of staff of the Nationalist Revolutionary Army under the leadership of Chiang Kai-shek, moving and fighting in several provinces. For his battlefield exploits during the Northern Expedition, Pai was known as one of the great military strategists in Chinese history. From 1930 to 1936, with Li Tsung-jen (Li Zongren) and several other prominent military and political leaders from Guangxi, Pai engaged in the program of building his home province into a model area in terms of economic development and administrative efficiency. During the Sino-Japanese War (1937-1945), Pai was made deputy chief of staff of the Nationalist army, responsible for military training and operations. During the war, Pai assisted Li in defeating the Japanese in Tai'erzhuang in Shandong Province. He also commanded the Battle of Wuhan and defeated the Japanese in Guangxi Province.
Extent
13 manuscript boxes, 19 oversize boxes, 1 videotape reel, 1 oversize folder, 1 sound tape reel, digital media (27.1 Linear Feet)
Restrictions
For copyright status, please contact the Hoover Institution Library & Archives.
Availability
Box FH18 may not be used without permission of the Archivist. The remainder of the collection is open for research; materials must be requested in advance via our reservation system. If there are audiovisual or digital media material in the collection, they must be reformatted before providing access.