U. S. Army Department of the Northwest records mssUSDept

Gayle Richardson
The Huntington Library
April 2020
1151 Oxford Road
San Marino, California 91108

Contributing Institution: The Huntington Library
Title: U. S. Army Department of the Northwest records
Creator: United States. Army. Department of the Northwest
Identifier/Call Number: mssUSDept
Physical Description: 6.0 Linear Feet (4 cartons, 4 boxes, 3 oversize folders)
Date (inclusive): 1861-1904
Date (bulk): 1861-1865
Abstract: The major portion of this collection consists of an assortment of U.S. Army Civil War documents, 1861 to 1865, related to the work of Paymaster John Oscar Culver; included are muster and pay rolls, correspondence, applications, certificates, vouchers, and receipts.
Language of Material: Materials are in English.

Conditions Governing Access

Open for use by qualified researchers and by appointment. Please contact Reader Services at the Huntington Library for more information.

Conditions Governing Use

The Huntington Library does not require that researchers request permission to quote from or publish images of this material, nor does it charge fees for such activities. The responsibility for identifying the copyright holder, if there is one, and obtaining necessary permissions rests with the researcher.

Preferred Citation

[Identification of item]. U.S. Army Department of the Northwest records, The Huntington Library, San Marino, California.

Immediate Source of Acquisition

One portion of the papers was acquired from Hazel Young January 1956; the other portion was acquired from Stanford University Library March 1964.

Biographical / Historical

John Oscar Culver (approximately 1830-) of Sandy Hill, New York, served during the Civil War as a major in the office of the paymaster for the Department of the Northwest.

Scope and Contents

A collection of approximately 6,000 items from 1861 to 1904, it consists of documents, ledger books, receipts, muster rolls, payrolls, correspondence and other military records. The material details the workings of the paymaster's office of the U.S. Army Department of the Northwest primarily for the period 1861 to 1865. Although there is material for virtually all Union states, the documents are fullest for regiments from Illinois, Missouri, and Wisconsin. The collection also contains a few papers concerning the life and business affairs of John Oscar Culver after the Civil War, particularly the period 1880 to 1900 while he was living in California.

Processing Information

Processed by Huntington Library Staff, circa 1965. In 2020, Gayle Richardson created the finding aid derived from a legacy summary report.


Arranged by subject and format.


Original collection name: John Oscar Culver papers; former call number: mssUSDept of the Northwest.

Subjects and Indexing Terms

California -- History -- 19th century
Northwestern States -- History -- Civil War, 1861-1865
United States -- History -- Civil War, 1861-1865
Ledgers (account books) -- United States -- 19th century
Letters (correspondence) -- United States -- 19th century
Military records -- United States -- 19th century
Muster rolls -- United States -- 19th century
Payrolls -- United States -- 19th century
Receipts -- United States -- 19th century
Culver, John Oscar

Carton 1

U. S. Army Department correspondence, documents, vouchers, and muster rolls 1861-1865

Scope and Contents

Box contains miscellaneous correspondence, documents, muster out rolls for Arkansas, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, and various other states.
Carton 2

Ephemera, muster rolls, pay rolls, miscellaneous 1861-1865

Carton 3

Northwest paymasters, vouchers, muster out rolls 1861-1865

Carton 4

Vouchers, muster rolls, pay rolls 1861-1865

Scope and Contents

Box contains documents for Illinois and Missouri; abstracts for payments made by John Oscar Culver.
Box 5

Vouchers, applications for exemption, muster out rolls, documents 1861-1865

Scope and Contents

Box contains miscellaneous vouchers, applications for exemption and certificates of disability, muster out rolls, discharge applications and other documents for the states of Arkansas, Missouri, Illinois, and Wisconsin.
Box 6

U. S. Army Department of the Northwest documents; John Oscar Culver personal papers

Scope and Contents

Box contains U. S. Army Department of the Northwest documents, John Oscar Culver's personal papers, his essays on love and poetry, documents related to the U. S. Army Wisconsin, and U. S. Army Veterans Reserve Corps.
Box 7

John Oscar Culver Civil War papers 1861-1865

Scope and Contents

Box contains certificates, discharges, payrolls, muster rolls, receipts, and a typewritten rough draft of a history of the U. S. Quartermaster's Department.
Box 8

John Oscar Culver correspondence and business papers; ephemera 1862-1904

Scope and Contents

Box contains John Oscar Culver's personal correspondence and business papers; also, miscellaneous personal letters relevant to others, letters related to the U. S. Army, and ephemera.
Folder 1

John Oscar Culver U. S. Army ledgers 1861-1865

Scope and Contents

Folder contains 2 unbound ledgers.
Folder 2

John Oscar Culver U. S. Army ledger - State of Wisconsin 1864-1865

Scope and Contents

Ledger is printed on each page: "State of Wisconsin in account with James Ross."
Folder 3

John Oscar Culver American Legion of Honor Benefit Certificate approximately 1882