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U. S. Army Department of the Northwest records
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Collection Details
Table of contents What's This?
  • Conditions Governing Access
  • Conditions Governing Use
  • Preferred Citation
  • Immediate Source of Acquisition
  • Biographical / Historical
  • Scope and Contents
  • Processing Information
  • Arrangement
  • General

  • Contributing Institution: The Huntington Library
    Title: U. S. Army Department of the Northwest records
    Creator: United States. Army. Department of the Northwest
    Identifier/Call Number: mssUSDept
    Physical Description: 6.0 Linear Feet (4 cartons, 4 boxes, 3 oversize folders)
    Date (inclusive): 1861-1904
    Date (bulk): 1861-1865
    Abstract: The major portion of this collection consists of an assortment of U.S. Army Civil War documents, 1861 to 1865, related to the work of Paymaster John Oscar Culver; included are muster and pay rolls, correspondence, applications, certificates, vouchers, and receipts.
    Language of Material: Materials are in English.

    Conditions Governing Access

    Open for use by qualified researchers and by appointment. Please contact Reader Services at the Huntington Library for more information.

    Conditions Governing Use

    The Huntington Library does not require that researchers request permission to quote from or publish images of this material, nor does it charge fees for such activities. The responsibility for identifying the copyright holder, if there is one, and obtaining necessary permissions rests with the researcher.

    Preferred Citation

    [Identification of item]. U.S. Army Department of the Northwest records, The Huntington Library, San Marino, California.

    Immediate Source of Acquisition

    One portion of the papers was acquired from Hazel Young January 1956; the other portion was acquired from Stanford University Library March 1964.

    Biographical / Historical

    John Oscar Culver (approximately 1830-) of Sandy Hill, New York, served during the Civil War as a major in the office of the paymaster for the Department of the Northwest.

    Scope and Contents

    A collection of approximately 6,000 items from 1861 to 1904, it consists of documents, ledger books, receipts, muster rolls, payrolls, correspondence and other military records. The material details the workings of the paymaster's office of the U.S. Army Department of the Northwest primarily for the period 1861 to 1865. Although there is material for virtually all Union states, the documents are fullest for regiments from Illinois, Missouri, and Wisconsin. The collection also contains a few papers concerning the life and business affairs of John Oscar Culver after the Civil War, particularly the period 1880 to 1900 while he was living in California.

    Processing Information

    Processed by Huntington Library Staff, circa 1965. In 2020, Gayle Richardson created the finding aid derived from a legacy summary report.


    Arranged by subject and format.


    Original collection name: John Oscar Culver papers; former call number: mssUSDept of the Northwest.

    Subjects and Indexing Terms

    California -- History -- 19th century
    Northwestern States -- History -- Civil War, 1861-1865
    United States -- History -- Civil War, 1861-1865
    Ledgers (account books) -- United States -- 19th century
    Letters (correspondence) -- United States -- 19th century
    Military records -- United States -- 19th century
    Muster rolls -- United States -- 19th century
    Payrolls -- United States -- 19th century
    Receipts -- United States -- 19th century
    Culver, John Oscar