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A guide to the Harold D. Huycke collection, 1868-2007
HDC1600 (SAFR 22224)  
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Collection Details
Table of contents What's This?
  • Access
  • Publication and Use Rights
  • Processing Note
  • Preferred Citation
  • Acquisition Information
  • Historical or Biographical Note
  • Collection Scope and Content
  • Collection Arrangement
  • Related Materials

  • Title: Harold D. Huycke collection
    Date: 1868-2007
    Identifier/Call Number: HDC1600 (SAFR 22224)
    Creator: Huycke, Harold D.
    Physical Description: 215 linear ft.
    Repository: San Francisco Maritime National Historical Park, Historic Documents Department
    Building E, Fort Mason
    San Francisco, CA 94123
    Abstract: The Harold D. Huycke collection, 1868-2007 (SAFR 22224, HDC 1600) consists of the papers of maritime historian Harold Huycke as well as papers and records he collected from other individuals and organizations involved in maritime history. The majority of the collection has been processed to the file unit level while the photographs have been mostly processed to the item level. The collection is open for use however see the section on Access for restricted material.
    Physical Location: San Francisco Maritime NHP, Historic Documents Department
    Language(s): In English.


    This collection is open for use unless otherwise noted.
    Physcial access to the original nitrate film and glass plate negatives are restricted and digital copies are available for access.
    Some of the textual records in Series 1-10 have privacy and use restrictions that are drescribed in the file unit scope and content note.

    Publication and Use Rights

    Some material may be copyrighted or restricted. It is the researcher's obligation to determine and satisfy copyright or other case restrictions when publishing or otherwise distributing materials found in the collections.

    Processing Note

    The manuscript portion was processed by Edward LeBlanc. The oral histories, photographs and media in series 11 and 12 were processed by Amy Croft and M. Crawford with some assistance from Lauren Bianchi. The front matter was written by Amy Croft and M. Crawford.
    Separated Material:
    The San Francisco Maritime Museum created copies of oral history audio cassettes for Harold D. Huycke and these were received with the Harold Huycke collection. Some of these oral histories had originally been recorded by Huycke and donated to the San Francisco Maritime Museum oral history collection. Huycke gave some of these copied tapes his own index number and created a description of the subjects covered in the interviews. This information can be found in Huycke's index (see Series 11: Oral Histories). This index remains in this collection because it was created by Huycke and also because it contains information about some of the other oral histories in this collection that are not found in the San Francisco Maritime NHP.
    The following list of user audio cassettes are copy tapes, were not indexed by Harold and do not contain any additional information as to the content of the interviews. They have been transferred back to the San Francisco Maritime Museum Oral History collection as additional user copies: Don Austin, (OHC UCC 70a-b); Charles E. Bywater, (OHC UCA 83a-f); Gus Carlson, (OHC UCC 87a-b); Craig (OHC UCA 30a); Ottmar Friz, (OHC UCC 73a-b); August Jacobs, (OHC UCC 71a-e); J. A. T. Olesen, (OHC UCA 22); Thorwald Olesen, (OHC UCA 12a-n); Alfred Pearce, (OHC UCC 68a-b); Juan E. Salberto, (OHC UCC 32a-e); Dirk Visser, (OHC UCC 39a-d); Berthold Werder, (OHC UCA 9a-hh); Charles, L. Wheeler, (OHC OCC 74a-c).
    The descriptions in this collection guide were compiled using the best available sources of information. Such sources include the creator's annotations or descriptions, collection accession files, primary and secondary source material and subject matter experts. While every effort was made to provide accurate information, in the event that you find any errors in this guide please contact the reference staff in order for us to evaulate and make corrections to this guide.
    Please cite the title and collection number in any correspondence with our staff.

    Preferred Citation

    [Item description], [Location within collection organization identified by Collection Number/Series Number/File Unit Number/Item Number], HDC1600 (SAFR 22224), Harold D. Huycke collection, San Francisco Maritime National Historical Park

    Acquisition Information

    The majority of the collection (SAFR-02093) was given directly to San Francisco Maritime National Historical Park in 2010 by Harold Huycke's wife after his death. Additional material (SAFR-02186) was later donated by the Huycke family in 2011.

    Historical or Biographical Note

    Captain Harold D. Huycke, Jr. was a maritime historian of the Pacific Coast. He was the author of many articles and the book, "To Santa Rosalia: Further and Back" (1970), a detailed history of a dozen German sailing ships detained in Mexico during the First World War. In 1957, he was employed by the state of California to prepare, man and deliver the C.A. THAYER from Puget Sound to San Francisco, and she is now one of the San Francisco National Historical Park's historic vessels moored at Hyde Street Pier. Huycke was a research associate of the San Francisco Maritime Museum for 57 years and conducted hundreds of oral histories with seafaring men and some of their relatives to help document West Coast maritime history.
    Biography: Captain Harold D. Huycke was born in 1922 in Sapulpa, Oklahoma, and moved to the Los Angeles area in 1930 where he graduated from University High School. He became acquainted with West Coast shipping history while fishing and working around the Santa Monica Pier and Santa Monica Bay fishing barges. He attended Occidental College, graduated from the California Maritime Academy in 1944, and the University of Southern California in 1947. He went to sea on Liberty and Victory ships as a merchant seaman in the Pacific during and following World War II. After the war he continued to go to sea, rising in rank to chief mate, and obtaining his license, Unlimited Ocean, Master, Any Gross Tons. In 1952 he married Alice Marguerite Frost of Birmingham, Alabama after which they relocated to the West Coast where they had 3 children. Captain Huycke spent about 45 years in the shipping industry, at sea as mate and master and ashore as a cargo supervisor and later marine surveyor. His duties found him in San Francisco, the Pacific Northwest, Central America, British Columbia, and Hawaii working for various shipping companies including Weyerhaeuser Steamship Company, States Marine Lines, States Marine-Isthmian Agency, Puget Sound Tug and Barge Company and Foss Launch and Tug Company. Between assignments at sea and ashore, Huycke was tapped by the State of California to purchase, refit and deliver the lumber schooner C.A. THAYER. This year long project culminated in a coastwise sailing voyage from the Puget Sound to San Francisco for which Huycke acted as bosun. Crew members included Karl Kortum. Around this time Huycke also surveyed the steam schooner TONGASS, ex. WAPAMA for the State of California. Beginning in 1973, he became an independent marine surveyor with a specialty in wooden vessels including wooden hulled U.S. Navy minesweepers. He retired from his surveying practice in 1991.
    (From David Hull's article listed below): For 60 years, Huycke's avocation was maritime history. With John Lyman, Karl Kortum, and John Kemble he was part of the first generation of maritime historians on the West Coast. Huycke has written and contributed to several books on maritime history. His largest published project was the book, TO SANTA ROSALIA, FURTHER AND BACK, a detailed history of a dozen German sailing vessels detained in a remote port in Mexico during World War I. He researched and wrote extensively on commercial sailing vessels including the Star Fleet of the Alaska Packers Association, steam schooners, Liberty and Victory ships, fishing barges and maritime businesses. Huycke located and collected primary source material and corresponded with hundreds of sailors, captains, collectors, and historians. He served as mentor and editor to many individuals, helping them to write and publish stories that would otherwise would not have been told. He conducted oral histories to preserve the stories of seafaring men and the vessels that they sailed on.
    His interest in preserving maritime history led him to become active in historical organizations and maritime museums in North American and throughout the world. Harold founded the North American section of the International Society of Cape Horners, an organization whose members have all sailed around Cape Horn in a commercial sailing vessel. Huycke served on the editorial board of the Puget Sound Maritime Historical Society's periodical, Sea Chest. He directed many donations to the San Francisco Maritime National Historical Park over the years and some very important archival collections were acquired because of Huycke.
    Captain Huycke died in Edmonds, Washington on February 12, 2007.
    The Herald Everett, Washington. Captain Harold D. Huycke Jr. Obituary http://www.legacy.com/obituaries/heraldnet/obituary.aspx?n=harold-d-huycke&pid=86546972 last accessed 6/13/2012
    Hull, David. End of an Era for West Coast Maritime History: Harold Huycke: 1922-2007, An Appreciation. Relative Bearings newsletter, no. 6 (April 2007), p. 2-3.
    Huycke, Harold D. To Santa Rosalia Further and Back. Biography on inside cover jacket.

    Collection Scope and Content

    The Harold D. Huycke collection, 1868-2007 (SAFR 22224, HDC 1600) consists of the papers of maritime historian Harold Huycke as well as papers and records he collected from other individuals and organizations involved in maritime history. The majority of the collection has been processed to the file unit level while the photographs have been mostly processed to the item level. The collection is open for use however see the section on Access for restricted material.
    Huycke's personal papers and the papers and records he collected include correspondence, diaries, logbooks, research notes, photographs, oral histories, manuscripts, corporate records, naval architectural plans and other materials that provide information about West Coast maritime activities in the late 19th and 20th centuries. Some of the collection is materials he produced and collected during his professional life as mate and master at sea, cargo superintendent and marine surveyor. There is a significant amount of material related to the research for his book, To Santa Rosalia: Further and Back, published in 1970, and materials associated with the publication of numerous articles, including a series of articles on the Star Fleet of the Alaska Packers Association.
    The collection contains Huycke's research notes and correspondence on a wide variety of topics of United States Pacific Coast maritime history including vessels, maritime businesses, sailors, merchant mariners, ports, cargo, historical organizations, marine art and photography. Vessel interests included square-riggers, schooners, steam schooners, Liberty ships, Victory ships, barges, tugboats and minesweepers. The collection contains information on specific vessels such as KAIULANI, ADA REHAN, TANGO, FALLS OF CLYDE, C.A. THAYER and WAWONA. Among the maritime business related entities are States Steamship Company, Twin Harbor Stevedore Company, Alaska Packers Association, States Marine Lines, Puget Sound Tug & Barge, and Weyerhaeuser Company. Also documented herein is Huycke's extensive involvement in historical organizations and museums that are related to maritime history such as AICH Cape Horners (Amicale internationale des capitaines au long-cours, Cap Horniers), Steamship Historical Society of America, Inc., North American Society for Oceanic History, Square Rigger Club, and San Francisco Maritime National Historical Park (and its predecessor organizations).
    This collection also includes the manuscripts for Huycke's book, TO SANTA ROSALIA: FURTHER AND BACK, as well as correspondence, research notes, photographs and oral history audio cassette recordings created and used during the 15 years that he researched and wrote the book. These materials represent a wide variety of stories and perspectives, and illustrate Huycke's commitment to thorough research. The book is the history of a dozen German sailing vessels stranded at a remote port in Mexico during World War I. According to David Hull, Huycke's book: "chronicled the final flowering of the last great square-riggers on the face of the earth, and in so doing, [Harold Huycke] wrote the last sailing ship chapter of West Coast maritime history."
    Additionally, the collection includes documentation and photographs of Huycke's work restoring the C.A. THAYER and sailing on her from Puget Sound to San Francisco in 1957; and documentation of the sailing of the KAIULANI and the uprising of its crew (that included Karl Kortum) against Captain H.G. Wigsten in Hobart, Tasmania in the early 1940's. Source for quote:
    Hull, David. "End of an Era for West Coast Maritime History. Harold Huycke: 1922-2007, An Appreciation." Relative Bearings newsletter, no. 6 (April 2007), p. 2-3.

    Collection Arrangement

    The collection is organized into 12 series: 1. Collected manuscripts and personal collections of others; 2. Subject files; 3. Vessels; 4. Maritime businesses; 5. Historical organizations and museums; 6. Correspondence; 7. Architectural drawings; 8. Labor Unions; 9. Marine survey records - general; 10. Wooden minesweepers; 11. Oral histories; 12. Photographs and audio visual material

    Related Materials

    Manuscript Collections:

    • Letters, 1955-1965, (HDC 102, SAFR 14310);
    • Correspondence and notes 1900-1908, 1978, (HDC 1337, SAFR 21400);
    • Manuscripts, circa 1960s-1970s, (HDC 1471, SAFR 21916).
    • This material is located at San Francisco Maritime National Historical Park

    Photograph and Media Collections:

    • Detail of a bucket rack and pig pen, deck of 4-masted bark, 1954. (P78-111a, SAFR 18574);
    • Intered SAXONIA (cargo vessel) at Eagle Harbor postcards and copy negatives, 1914-1916. (P78-313a, SAFR 44);
    • VORTIGERN (bark, 4m), Port Angeles, WA, circa 1890. (P78-489, SAFR 19528);
    • SIERRA (steam schooner) hulk, Aberdeen, WA, 17 May 1979. (P79-208, SAFR 15018);
    • C.A. THAYER restoration motion picture film, 1957. (P79-235, SAFR 15044);
    • Capt. Harold Huycke and A.F. Raynaud in front of WAWONA at Lake Union Drydock, Seattle, WA, photoprint, 1980. (P80-137, SAFR 14760);
    • MILDRED (schooner, 3m) under tow with hay and livestock, San Francisco Bay, ca. 1908. (P81-064, SAFR 14720);
    • FRESNO (bark) windmill and UNDAUNTED (schooner, 5m), circa 1906. (P82-034, SAFR 19096);
    • Photographs of PALMYRA (ship) and CHARLES F. CROCKER (barkentine), CHARLES F. CROCKER (barkentine) and W.F. JEWETT (schooner); GARTHSNAID (bark, 3m), and SEUTE DEERN (bark, 3m), ca. 1920-1930. (P82-083, SAFR 18427);
    • Schooners FOREST DREAM and FOREST PRIDE in Lake Union, Seattle, WA, 1925-1926. (P82-131, SAFR 18112);
    • Sloop and square-riggers, Oakland Estuary, ca. 1920. (P83-122a, AFR 401);
    • ALPENA (schooner), ca. 1901-1945. (P85-105, SAFR 16804);
    • Olsen's Barge, Santa Monica, 1920-1940. (P86-011, SAFR 17053);
    • RIDER VICTORY (freighter) and GOLDEN STATE (schooner, 3m) at San Pedro, Calif., 1947 Apr-Sep, (P99-002, SAFR 22079);
    • Capt. Fred Scott portraits, former captain of the C.A. THAYER, 1914 and 1955. (P01-011, SAFR 19611);
    • Karl Standke and detained German merchant fleet, Santa Rosalia, Baja California Sur, Mexico, ca. 1914-1918. (P05-014, SAFR 20687)
    • This material is located at San Francisco Maritime National Historical Park

    Subjects and Indexing Terms

    Historic ships
    Historic ships--Conservation and restoration
    Steam schooners
    Barks (Sailing ships)
    Maritime history
    Merchant mariners
    Lumber trade--Pacific Coast (U.S.)
    World War, 1914-1918
    World War, 1939-1945
    Maritime museums
    Freight and freightage
    Surveyors, Marine
    Sailing ships
    Huycke, Harold D.
    Klebingat, Fred
    Kortum, Karl
    McDonald, Captain P. A. (Patrick Alexander)
    Raynaud, Captain A. F. (Adrian Raynaud)
    Lyman, John R.
    Aker, Raymond
    San Francisco Maritime National Historical Park (Agency : U.S.)
    San Francisco Maritime National Historical Park (San Francisco, Calif.)
    San Francisco Maritime Museum
    Kaiulani (built 1899; bark, 3m)
    E.R. Sterling (built 1883; barkentine, 6m)
    C.A. Thayer (built 1895; schooner, 3m)
    Wawona (built 1897; ship, 3m)
    Weyerhaeuser Company
    States Steamship Company
    Alaska Packers Association
    Amicale internationale des capitaines au long-cours, Cap Horniers
    Steamship Historical Society of America
    Pacific Coast (U.S.)
    Santa Rosalia (Baja California Sur, Mexico)
    Pacific Northwest
    San Francisco (Calif.)
    Puget Sound (Wash.)
    Architectural drawings Author
    Merchant Mariners
    Maritime Historian