Consists of seventeen photographs documenting the destructive effects of hydraulic mining. Includes images of washed-over
roads, ruined orchards, broken dams, riverbank gravel deposits, and working hydraulic hoses. Photos were taken in Nevada,
Sutter, and Yuba counties and feature the Yuba and Feather Rivers. Two other photographs depict waterfront and shipping scenes
in unidentified location, probably San Francisco. One photograph shows a dredge docked near an unidentified waterfront.
J.A. Todd created the photographs between 1883-1899, the bulk created between 1882-1883. Each photograph was created for use
as evidence in United States court cases. Each photograph is labeled with the court case it was used as evidence in and many
include a brief description of what is depicted.
J.A. Todd was active as a photographer in California between 1863-1897. "In 1882, Todd was commissioned to take a series of
photographs illustrating the deleterious effects of hydraulic mining for presentation in the case of Edwards Woodruff v. the
North Bloomfield Gravel Mining Company. He photographed a debris dam in Sucker Flat Ravine at Smartsville, Yuba County. A
month later he traveled to North Bloomfield Mine in Nevada County to photograph general views of the hydraulic monitors at
work. Todd was called into the Ninth Circuit Court in Sacramento on June 4, 1883, to testify to seven of his photographs which
were introduced as evidence in the Woodruff case"--Pioneer Photographers of the West / Peter E. Palmquist and Thomas R. Kailbourn.
2.06 Linear Feet
1 flat box
Materials in this collection, which were created in 1882-1900, are in the public domain in the United States. Permission to
publish or reproduce is not required.
Collection is open for research.