Russell W. Raitt Papers

Special Collections & Archives, UC San Diego
Special Collections & Archives, UC San Diego
Copyright 2016
9500 Gilman Drive
La Jolla 92093-0175

Descriptive Summary

Languages: English
Contributing Institution: Special Collections & Archives, UC San Diego
9500 Gilman Drive
La Jolla 92093-0175
Title: Russell W. Raitt Papers
Identifier/Call Number: SMC 0035
Physical Description: 8.4 Linear feet (19 archives boxes and 2 card file boxes)
Date (inclusive): 1930-1992, bulk 1941-1979
Abstract: Papers of Scripps Institution of Oceanography geophysicist Russell W. Raitt, including correspondence, research files, laboratory notebooks, and teaching materials.

Scope and Content of Collection

Papers of Scripps Institution of Oceanography geophysicist Russell W. Raitt, including correspondence, research files, laboratory notebooks and teaching materials. Raitt researched underwater acoustics and seismology with the University of California Division of War Research (UCDWR), the Naval Electronics Laboratory (NEL) and the Marine Physical Laboratory (MPL). He participated in several SIO research expeditions and cruises from the 1940s through the 1970s, and the collection contains notes and data related to these endeavors.
Raitt collaborated with scholars internationally, often presenting at conferences and publishing research results. Highlights of these collaborations include Raitt's 1956 notebook from a research trip to Cambridge, England and his participation on the Discovery II expedition, as well as his 1970-1971 trip journal aboard the Soviet cruise Vityaz.


Geophysicist Russell W. Raitt was born in Philadelphia, PA in 1907. He earned his bachelor's degree in physics in 1929 and his Ph.D. in 1935 from the California Institute of Technology.
Upon graduation, Raitt founded the Geophysical Engineering Corporation in Pasadena, CA. He then moved to La Jolla, and from 1941 to 1945 conducted research on acoustics and the sea floor for the University of California Division of War Research (UCDWR). After the war, Raitt joined the newly developed University of California Marine Physical Laboratory (MPL) as a senior research associate. When MPL merged into the Scripps Institution of Oceanography (SIO) in 1948, Raitt became an associate professor, studying underwater acoustics and sonar engineering. Raitt used seismic refraction techniques to study the sea floor, and advanced signifigant theories of sea-floor structure, evolution, and spreading. Raitt retired in 1976. He died in 1995 in San Diego.

Preferred Citation

Russell W. Raitt Papers. SMC 35. Special Collections & Archives, UC San Diego.

Acquisition Information

Acquired 1981-1995.



Publication Rights

Publication rights are held by the creator of the collection.

Digital Content

Sound recordings in the collection have been digitized.

Processing Information

Processing records for the first major 1981 accession of Raitt's office files note that they were disorderly, incomplete, and stored in colored binders. The original binder color, if applicable, has been noted on the folders (pink materials were created and maintained by MPL staff). Original folder titles and contents have generally been preserved.

Subjects and Indexing Terms

Marine geophysics -- Research
Underwater acoustics
Ocean bottom -- Research
Raitt, Russell W. (Russell Watson), 1907-1995 -- Archives
Scripps Institution of Oceanography -- Archives



Scope and Content of Series

Series 1) CORRESPONDENCE: Personal and professional correspondence with colleagues and research collaborators. The first section is arranged chronologically, followed by a second section of major correspondents arranged alphabetically by surname.


Box 1, Folder 1-28



Solicitation letter from United Farm Workers in folder 28.
Box 2, Folder 1-12

1968-1979, and undated

General note

Includes one folder of personal correspondence, and some undated wireless messages from ships.


Box 2, Folder 13

Belshe, John 1959-1961

Box 2, Folder 14

Durbin, William 1956-1962

Box 2, Folder 15

Eckart, Carl 1945-1947


Includes 1945 letter from Carl Eckart to Carl F. Eyring, Ralph J. Christensen, and Raitt regarding the discovery and naming of the deep scattering layer.
Box 2, Folder 16

Ewing, John 1957-1969

Box 2, Folder 17

Fisher, Robert 1964

Box 2, Folder 18

Hart, Pembroke J. 1959-1962

Box 2, Folder 19

Hartdegen, Carl 1982, undated

Box 2, Folder 20

Hussong, Donald M. 1972

Box 2, Folder 21

Johnson, Rockne 1966-1969

Box 2, Folder 22

Keen, Charlotte 1969-1970

Box 2, Folder 23

Le Pichon, Xavier 1964-1969

Box 2, Folder 24

McConnell, Robert K. 1962

Box 2, Folder 25

Munk, Walter H. 1948

General note

Correspondence on Raitt's contribution to the Sverdrup 60th anniversary volume.
Box 2, Folder 26

Murauchi, Sadanori 1969-1974

Box 2, Folder 27

Nafe, John E. 1957

Box 2, Folder 28

Nanda, J. N. 1951-1963

Box 2, Folder 29-31

Northrop, John 1961-1975

Box 2, Folder 32

Revelle, Roger 1958-1978

Box 2, Folder 33

Pepin, Robert 1959-1960

Box 2, Folder 34

Sagar, Frederick Henry 1952-1953

Box 2, Folder 35

Wickam, Jacob 1964

General note

Correspondence on Raitt's contributions to a book on underwater acoustics.


Scope and Content of Series

Series 2) RESEARCH: Major topics in this series include Raitt's notes and data on the sea floor, underwater sound, seismology, and reverberation. It also contains Raitt's notes on lectures from other SIO and UC San Diego faculty members, as well as notes taken at conferences.
Arranged in five subseries: A) General Research, B) Notes on Lectures, C) Notebooks, D) Subject Files, and E) Symposia and Conferences.

General Research

Box 3, Folder 1-2

Various notes 1930-1935

General note

Topics include: cosmic ray track recorder, alpha particle counter, transient characteristics of a fine wire heated by an electric current, escape of radon from rocks, age of rocks, and velocity.
Box 3, Folder 3

Various notes 1940-1970

General note

Topics include: transformer response, effect of viscosity, the propagation of explosive soundwaves on the ocean bottom, sediment refraction from surface measurements, and interference of two sound waves.
Box 3, Folder 4

Magnetostrictive sources - Notes and graphs 1941

Box 3, Folder 5

Bone conduction receiver notes 1941

Box 3, Folder 6

Transducing systems patents (Raitt, serial no. 380 and 499) oath and correspondence 1941-1943

Box 3, Folder 7

Hydrophones notes 1941-1962

General note

Includes parts and equipment lists for cruises.
Box 3, Folder 8

Sphere reflections notes and calculations 1942

Box 3, Folder 9

QC H-3 data and graphs 1942

Box 3, Folder 10

U.S.S. Jasper data 1942 March 19

Box 3, Folder 11

Photos and negatives for reports and papers 1942, 1947

General note

Include negatives for lantern slides to "Transmission of Explosive Impulses in the Sea" by Raitt.
Box 3, Folder 12

Calibration of GA and GB pairs data sheets 1943

Box 3, Folder 13

Scripps canyon data and notes 1943-1944

Box 3, Folder 14

Shallow water rock and sand-mud data summaries and tables 1943-1945

Box 3, Folder 15

Thermocline effect graphs 1944

Box 3, Folder 16

Diffusion of heat in the upper layers of the sea notes 1945 March 13

Box 3, Folder 17

Dependence of echo range on target strength - Notes and data sets 1945

Box 3, Folder 18

Notes on a conversation with Lindsay on airborne sound 1946 August 19

Box 3, Folder 19

Suggested definitions of acoustical terms 1947 December

Box 3, Folder 20

Underwater sound notes 1947-1957

Box 3, Folder 21

Fathograms 1948

Box 3, Folder 22

Galvonometers notes 1948

Box 3, Folder 23

Amplifiers 1948

General note

Topics include: equipment requirements, diagrams for amplifier and shooting box for seismic study, and data sheets and graphs.
Box 3, Folder 24

Explosive wave bottom reflection studies 1948 April-August

General note

Includes ammunition request, detonation schedules, and correspondence pertaining to fathom detonators.
Box 3, Folder 25

Lake Mead geological survey - Correspondence and report 1948 April 1

Box 3, Folder 26

Swedish Deep Sea Expedition 1948-1952

General note

Report, photographs, and figures from the expedition by Waloddi Weibull, returned by Hans Pettersson.
Box 3, Folder 27-28

Complex Impedance of CBM 78203 #51 and #16 - Fathometer graphs 1949 June 20

Box 3, Folder 29

Acoustic notes and calculations ca. 1950

General note

Includes original calculations on acoustic impedance and the velocity of sound in a mixture of sand and water, and on the attenuation of sound in dilute muds; notes on the reflection and transmission of sound in a region of continuously variable properties.
Box 3, Folder 30

Pt. Sur cable installation map 1953

General note

Map showing the installation of black and red cables.
Box 3, Folder 31

Echo Sounder memoranda and correspondence 1954

General note

Includes draft of the development of a survey-type echo sounder for the Bureau of Ships.
Box 3, Folder 32

Notes, correspondence, and abstracts while at Cambridge 1956

General note

Includes memorandum regarding the Chinook Expedition, and revision notes for "Seismic Refraction Studies of the Pacific Ocean."
Box 3, Folder 33

Miscellaneous notes on temperature probe and Downwind heat flow 1957-1958

Box 4, Folder 1

Russian translations and correspondence 1958-1960

General note

Includes translations of the first six papers of vol. 27 of the Academy of Sciences, U.S.S.R.'s Trudy Instituta Okeanologii "Investigations of the Kurile-Kamachtka Trench and the Northwest Part of the Pacific Ocean"; translation notes from Olga Jones, and a translation of the paper "Deep Sounding of the Moon."
Box 4, Folder 2

Russian reprints and correspondence 1958-1964

General note

Includes reprints in Russian, a NASA Technical Translation of the "International Geophysical Year Bibliography of Literature in the Russian Language for 1958," correspondence with Russian scholars and translators.
Box 4, Folder 3

Absorption of tsunami and continental border notes 1961 June 13

Box 4, Folder 4

Midway Island survey - Notes and correspondence 1961-1962

Box 4, Folder 5

Arons and Yennie - Bubble Pulse 1964

Box 4, Folder 6

Transcontinental Geophysical Survey correspondence 1964 October 7

Box 4, Folder 7

Papeete, Tahiti correspondence 1969 November-1970 January

General note

Includes correspondence relating to Raitt's leg injury while at sea.
Box 4, Folder 8

UCLA gravity data results undated

Box 4, Folder 9

Directivity corrections graphs undated

Box 4, Folder 10

Correction of pattern 40 KC Benioff - Data sheets and graph undated

Box 4, Folder 11

Bathythermograph codes graphs undated

Box 4, Folder 12

Interpretation of seismic refraction data memorandum undated

Box 4, Folder 13

Ionization chamber photographs undated

Box 4, Folder 14

Supersonic underwater telephony attenuation at 27 KC notes undated

Box 4, Folder 15

Velocity of sound in the sea - Data charts and graphs undated

Box 4, Folder 16

Reflection equipment - Diagrams and notes undated

Box 4, Folder 17

Anisotropy notes undated


Notes on Lectures

Box 4, Folder 18-19

Notes from Epstein's lectures 1932-1933

Box 4, Folder 20

Introduction to Wave Mechanics - Notes and problem sets 1933

Box 4, Folder 21

Radio transmission seminar 1946 July 10

Box 4, Folder 22

Notes on Lindsay's lectures - Wave motion 1946 July-August

Box 4, Folder 23-24

Notes on Eckart and Liebermann's lectures - Absorption 1946-1947

Box 4, Folder 25

Notes on Eckart's lectures - Seminar on Wave Theory 1946-1947

Box 4, Folder 26

Notes on Cady's lectures - Transducer Design Seminar 1947 February

Box 4, Folder 27

Notes from Eckart's lectures 1947-1949

Box 5, Folder 1

Notes on Eckart's lectures - Stratified fluids, equations of motion, and free convection 1953-1955

Box 5, Folder 2

Notes on Vacquier's lectures 1958 April

Box 5, Folder 3

Notes on Liebermann's lecture - Properties of liquids 1957 February

Box 5, Folder 4

Notes on Orowan's lectures 1958

Box 5, Folder 5

Notes on Munk's lectures 1961

Box 5, Folder 6

Notes on Spiess' lectures 1961 October

Box 5, Folder 7

Notes on Sverdrup's lectures - Oceanography of Surface Layers undated



Box 5, Folder 8

Notes and problem sets 1933

General note

Taken from a notebook and includes two tabs: "W" & "Misc." Includes calculations and notes on alpha radiation, magnetic deflection of cosmic rays, and radium in ocean sediments.
Box 5, Folder 9

Laboratory notebook 1941-1946

General note

Bound volume with topics covering seismometers and waves.
Box 5, Folder 10

NDRC San Diego laboratory notebook #186 1943-1946

General note

Bound volume of various notes and problem sets.
Box 5, Folder 11-13

Notes and data 1945-1948

General note

Topics include: directivity, phase fluctuations of transmission, data from La Paz cruise, variations of camera speed recorded by Raitt, diffraction by straight edge, echo and echo sounder, magnitude of scattering coefficients, pulse calibration of overall system, and reverberation.
Box 5, Folder 14

Notes and data 1948-1950

Box 5, Folder 15

Research notes and data 1948-1956

General note

Bound volume. Topics include: seismic amplifier calibration data, test data and calibration data, filter calibrations, geophone tests, hydrophone tests.
Box 6, Folder 1

Workbook I 1949-1957

General note

Contains notes, diagrams, and data primarily from 1954-1957 on such topics as filters for seismic work, calibrations, hydrophones, and amplifiers. Includes data and observations from CUSP cruise, Viscaino Bay, the Capricorn and MidPac expeditions, as well as hydrophone sea tests. Also contains some correspondence, MidPac certificate of participation, and meeting notes.
Box 6, Folder 2

Data notebook 1950-1965

General note

Notebook of MPL statistician Gloria Slack. Bound volume with topics relating to seismic cruises, and observations on expeditions.
Box 6, Folder 3

Notes and data 1950-1951

General note

Diagram, and data on topics including hydrophone buoys, seismic amplifiers, compression, and low frequency.
Box 6, Folder 4

Cambridge notebook 1956

General note

Bound volume. Includes trip journal for the Discovery II expedition; notes of conversations with G. Shor, Tom Gaskell, Edward Bullard, V.V. Belousov; and planning information for the IGY.
Box 6, Folder 5

Notes 1956

General note

Topics include: CUSP Expedition, the R.R.S. Discovery II cruise, and "Seismic Exploration of the Pacific Ocean" colloquium given at the Department of Geodesy and Geophysics.
Box 6, Folder 6

Workbook II 1957

General note

Topics include: hydrophones, sound transmission, reversed and split profiles, and magnetic anomalies. Includes data and observations from IGY cruise to Valparaiso, the Downwind, Chinook, and Mukluk Expeditions, and the Arguello cruise. Also contains some correspondence, meeting notes, and trip journal.
Box 6, Folder 7

Workbook III 1957-1960

General note

Topics include: gravity at sea, seismic studies and deep-sea drilling, seismic refraction, heat flow, seismic velocities, and the detection of bombs by seismic waves. Includes data and observations of crustal thickness at Bikini and Eniwetok as well as data from the CUSP and Arguello cruises, MidPac, Mukluk, and Capricorn expeditions. Also contains some correspondence.
Box 7, Folder 1

Workbook IV 1963-1965

General note

Contains notes and observations on such topics as research ships, gravitational energy, anisotropy, and least square reductions. Includes data and meeting notes on the Lusiad expedition.
Box 7, Folder 2

Workbook V 1965-1967

General note

Contains notes, figures and diagrams, as well as observations on such topics and slope, velocity, and seismometers. Includes data from sea expeditions and the quartet area.
Box 7, Folder 3

Electricity and Magnetism by J. H. Jeans undated

Box 7, Folder 4

Problems in chemical principles undated

Box 7, Folder 5

Source depths ( ARGO-Doghouse) undated

Box 7, Folder 6

Notes and problem sets undated


Subject Files

Box 7, Folder 7-9

Geophysical Engineering Corporation - Notes and report draft ca. 1940



Box 7, Folder 10

Surface reverberation - Data sheets and graphs 1942-1943

Box 7, Folder 11

Bottom reverberation - Illustrations and graphs 1942-1944

Box 7, Folder 12-14

Volume reverberation - Cruise data sheets and graphs (Parts I-III) 1943

Box 8, Folder 1-3

Reverberation and sonar equipment on U.S.S. Jasper Racks A-F 1945-1951, 1971-1985

General note

Includes notes on declassification, "Equipment for Sonar Research" rough draft, and photos and diagrams of equipment.

Sea floor bottom

Box 8, Folder 4

Bottom scattering graphs 1942-1943

Box 8, Folder 5-7

Bottom reflection studies - Cruise data sheets, notes, and graphs 1942-1943, 1946

Box 8, Folder 8

Bottom sediment samples 1946-1947

Box 8, Folder 9

Bottom reflections 1959



Box 8, Folder 10-11

Brush oscillograms bomb data 1948 August-September

Box 8, Folder 12

Saluda Seismic Operation photographs (NEL) 1949

Box 8, Folder 13

Pasadena local shocks - Data report 1949 January-March

Box 8, Folder 14

Notes on seismic work on sea floor off Southern California 1950 January 4

Box 8, Folder 15

Seismic tests at Pt. Sur Station - Notes and schedule 1953

Box 8, Folder 16

Seismic operation program (MPL) plan notes 1954

Box 8, Folder 17

Operation Wigwam - Notes and earthquake telegram 1955 May 14

Box 8, Folder 18

Seismic workshop - Correspondence and notes 1958-1960

Box 8, Folder 19

Operation Leapfrog correspondence 1961

Box 8, Folder 20

SHOAL bomb test 1963-1964

Box 8, Folder 21

Bengal Fan and Sunda Orogen proposal and correspondence on seismic refraction studies 1974

Box 8, Folder 22

Seismic equipment diagrams undated

Box 8, Folder 23

Seismograph refraction survey, Hanford area - Notes undated

Box 8, Folder 24

Gnome bomb test data undated

General note

Includes four maps: Time Residual Plot; Ground Motion; Heat Flow Determinations in Middle North America; and Phase Velocity.

Symposia and Conferences

Box 8, Folder 25

Committee of Undersea Warfare 1948

General note

Includes correspondence and conference information for the 3rd undersea symposium, Washington, D.C.
Box 8, Folder 26

Triannual meeting of the International Union of Geodesy and Geophysics, Rome, Italy 1953-1954

General note

Includes paper abstract on "Seismic Refraction Studies in the Pacific Ocean Basin."
Box 8, Folder 27

Underwater Acoustics Symposium (Office of Naval Research) 1954

Box 8, Folder 28

10th Pacific Science Congress - "The Earth's Crust in the Pacific Basin," Honolulu, Hawaii 1960-1961

Box 8, Folder 29

International Union of Geodesy and Geophysics, Helsinki 1960-1963

Box 8, Folder 30

International Union of Geodesy and Geophysics, Berkeley, California 1963

General note

Includes conference program, list of participants, and proposal to Committee on Mean Sea-Level and its Variations.
Box 8, Folder 31

Symposium on the results of the IGY-IGC, Los Angeles 1963

Box 8, Folder 32

A symposium in honor of Sir Edward Bullard 1979

General note

Includes list of invitees, speakers, and topics for symposium hosted by the Scripps Institution of Oceanography on January 11-12, 1980.


Scope and Content of Series

Series 3) EXPEDITIONS AND CRUISES: Notes, reports, and correspondence documenting Raitt's work and participation on research expeditions and cruises. Items in the series primarily span the late 1940s-1970s and include data collected from Scripps research vessels such as Horizon, Spencer F. Baird, Argo, and Ellen B. Scripps. Particular strengths of the series include data from the Antipode and Capricorn Expeditions, and the Vityaz cruise. The first part of the series consists of miscellaneous files arranged chronologically, followed by a second section arranged alphabetically by major expedition or cruise name.


Box 8, Folder 33

U.S.S. Baya (SS318) tentative schedule 1948 March 29

Box 8, Folder 34

NORPAC tentative cruise patterns 1955 March 1

Box 8, Folder 35

Cruise preparation correspondence 1955 April-May

Box 8, Folder 36

Research cruises (Vermilion, Fanfare) - Schedules and correspondence 1959

Box 8, Folder 37

Research vessel ARGO 1960 June 3

Box 9, Folder 1

Marine operations expeditions - Memorandum and correspondence 1957-1958

Box 9, Folder 2-3

Marine operations cruise announcements 1953-1958, 1960-1970

Box 9, Folder 4

Pelagic Area Studies (PAS) - Operation schedule and report 1954

Box 9, Folder 5

Swallow correspondence - H.M.S Challenger and Capricorn 1954

Box 9, Folder 6

Cruise notes and data - CUTTER 1947-1948

Box 9, Folder 7

Cruise 67-01 notes 1967

Box 9, Folder 8-9

Antipode Expedition - Notes, schedules, program outline, and correspondence ca. 1970

General note

Includes writing by D. G. Moore, J. R. Curray, and Raitt, "Structure and History, or the Bengal Deep-Sea Fan and Geosyncline, Indian Ocean" and postcards.
Box 9, Folder 10

Antipode Expedition - Notes, journal and correspondence 1971 January-May

Box 9, Folder 11

Antipode Expedition - News release and newspaper clippings 1971 October

Box 9, Folder 12

Operation plan for Eniwetok/Capricorn Expedition 1952-1953

Box 9, Folder 13-14

Capricorn Expedition - Notes and correspondence 1952 February-December

General note

Includes correspondence and shipment orders pertaining to ammunition and explosives, and "Operation Ivy" pamphlet from 1951.
Box 9, Folder 15

Capricorn Expedition - Correspondence 1953 November-1954 November

General note

Includes correspondence pertaining to publication of results related to Operation Ivy/Eniwetok.
Box 9, Folder 16

Capricorn Expedition travel time plots - Copy negatives 1952-1953

Box 9, Folder 17

Cedros Island Cruise - Bottom photographs 1939 June- July

Box 9, Folder 18

Cedros Island Cruise - Skiff survey 1952 July

Box 9, Folder 19

Chinook Expedition - Correspondence and reports 1956 May-1957 April

General note

Includes correspondence and meeting notes for 1957 Gulf of Alaska cruise.
Box 9, Folder 20

Chubasco Expedition - Notes and correspondence 1954 May-November

General note

Also referenced as the Acapulco Trench Expedition.
Box 9, Folder 21-22

CUSP Cruise - Notes, proposal and correspondence 1954 April-July, 1955

Box 9, Folder 23

DODO Expedition - Schedule and roster 1964 January 20

General note

Part of the Scripps Institution of Oceanography's sequence of cruises to the Indian Ocean.
Box 9, Folder 24

Downwind Expedition - Correspondence 1957-1958

Box 9, Folder 25

Erben Bank Cruise - Brush oscillograms 1948 April 1

Box 9, Folder 26

Fanfare Sea Expedition - Schedule 1959 June 30

Box 9, Folder 27

Indian Ocean Cruise - Notes and schedule 1958

Box 9, Folder 28

Lusiad Expedition - Proposal and report on the International Indian Ocean Expedition 1961-1962

General note

Incldues proposal to the National Science Foundation and report detailing field participation in the International Indian Ocean Expedition, 1960-1965.
Box 9, Folder 29-31

Lusiad Expedition 1961-1963

General note

Includes ship request, personnel lists, schedules, data, and budget and ship reports.
Box 10, Folder 1

Monsoon Expedition - Notes, correspondence and images 1959-1962

Box 10, Folder 2-5

MidPac Expedition 1949-1951

General note

Includes correspondence, proposals, personnel lists and schedules, data and reports.
Box 10, Folder 6

MOHOLE press kit 1959-1961

Box 10, Folder 7

MOHOLE site studies proposal drafts 1965

Box 10, Folder 8

Quartet cruises 27-30 - Data 1965-1966

Box 10, Folder 9

Scan Expedition - Correspondence and reports 1969 January-November

General note

Includes JOIDES report, personnel lists and schedules, correspondence, and MPL report by G. B. Morris.
Box 10, Folder 10

E.W. Scripps Cruise - Notes and calculations 1941-1949

General note

Includes bathythermograms and Commander Sherry's calculations.
Box 10, Folder 11

Scripps expedition to the Revilliagigelo Islands (SERI) memorandum 1956

Box 10, Folder 12

Siqueiros Expedition schedules 1974

Box 10, Folder 13

Vermillion Sea Expedition correspondence 1959 January- May

General note

Includes SIO report, "Program of Research in the Gulf of California in the Field of the Earth Sciences."
Box 10, Folder 14

Vityaz Cruise 1970 September-December

General note

Includes crew lists, correspondence, report, and trip journal.


Scope and Content of Series

Series 4) WRITINGS: Drafts, typescripts, and related correspondence for Raitt's professional publications, including his Ph.D. dissertation, as well as reports and proposals for research grants and projects. Co-authors, where present, are listed by name.
Arranged chronologically within two subseries: A) Manuscripts and Presentations, and B) Reports and Proposals.

Manuscripts and Presentations

Box 10, Folder 15

A New Kind of Radioactivity 1933 April 1

Box 10, Folder 16

Radioactivity and the Light Nuclei by R. M. Langer and Raitt ca. 1933

Box 10, Folder 17-18

Direct Measurement of Alpha Particle Activities of Rocks and the Determination of Thorium. Doctoral thesis draft and notes 1935

Box 11, Folder 1

Radioactivity of the Earth's Crust and its Influence on Cosmic Ray Electroscope Observations Made near Ground Level by Robley D. Evans and Raitt 1935

Box 11, Folder 2

Fluctuation and Variation in Underwater Sound 1943-1946

General note

Includes notes and data sheets, as well as NEL memorandum for a conference entitled, "Fluctuation of Transmission Observations in Underwater Sound."
Box 11, Folder 3

Transmission of 24 KC Sound in Shallow Water by R. R. Carhart and Raitt 1946

Box 11, Folder 4

Vertical Reflection of Supersonic Sound from the Sea Bottom 1947

General note

Notes and drafts. Presented at the meeting of the American Physical Society July 12, 1947 in Palo Alto, California.
Box 11, Folder 5

Transmission of Explosive Impulses in the Sea by Raitt and T. F. Johnston 1947

General note

Abstracts and correspondence. Presented to the Seismological Society of America meeting April 10-12, 1947 at Stanford.
Box 11, Folder 6-10

National Research Defense Committee (NRDC) Summary Technical Reports, volume 6-VII, chapters 1-5. Principles and Applications of Underwater Sound 1947

Box 11, Folder 11-13

Reverberation in the Sea by Carl F. Eyring, Ralph J. Christensen, and Raitt 1947-1948

Box 11, Folder 14

Sound Scatters in the Sea 1948

Box 11, Folder 15

1950 Seismic Refraction Studies of Bikini and Kwajalein Atolls and Slyvanis Guyot 1950-1952

Box 12, Folder 1-2

Geophysical Measurements - Research notes and diagrams, drafts and correspondence 1950-1954

General note

Presented at the 1952 Symposium on Oceanographic Instrumentation.
Box 12, Folder 3

The Pacific Basin - Some results from the Capricorn Expeditions 1953

General note

Presented at the 1953 Institute of Geophysics Technical Conference.
Box 12, Folder 4

Seismic-Refraction Studies of Bikini and Kwajalein Atolls (Geological Survey Professional Paper 260-K) 1953-1954

Box 12, Folder 5

Subsurface Structures of Eniwetok Atoll from Seismic Refraction Observations 1953-1957

Box 12, Folder 6-8

The Tonga Trench by Raitt, R. L. Fisher, and R. G. Mason 1954-1955

General note

Annotated manuscript with figures, correspondence, and notes. Versions presented at Columbia University Symposium on the Earth's crust, and published.
Box 12, Folder 9

Seismic Studies in the Southern California Continental Borderland 1955-1956

General note

Drafts and correspondence. Presented at the XX International Geological Congress in Mexico City.
Box 12, Folder 10-11

Seismic Refraction Studies of the Pacific Ocean Basin I, Crustal Thickness of the Central Equatorial Pacific 1955-1956

Box 12, Folder 12

Sediment thickness of the Pacific ocean floor by R. Revelle and Raitt 1956-1957

General note

Includes meeting notes and Revelle's notes.
Box 12, Folder 13

Some Results of Seismic Studies in Capricorn Expeditions 1956-1959

General note

Correspondence and abstract for paper presented at the Seismological Society of America, 1954.
Box 12, Folder 14

Propagation of Explosive Sound Beneath the Sea Floor 1956

General note

Paper presented at Acoustical Society of America.
Box 12, Folder 15

Seismic-Refraction Studies of Eniwetok Atoll 1957

Box 13, Folder 1-4

The Sea: Ideas and Observations chapter manuscript

General note

Correspondence, notes, drafts and figures pertaining to Raitt's contribution on crustal rocks.
Box 13, Folder 5

Sound Velocities at the Surface of Deep-Sea Sediments by Fry and Raitt 1960-1961

Box 13, Folder 6

Seismic Refraction Observations of the Indonesian Island Arc 1962

Box 13, Folder 7

Seismic Refraction Studies 1962

Box 13, Folder 8

Topography and Structure of the Peru-Chile Trench by R. L. Fisher and Raitt 1962

General note

Includes rough data profile at the Peru trench.
Box 13, Folder 9

Geophysics of the South Pacific 1963

General note

Presented at ICY-IGC Symposium.
Box 13, Folder 10-12

Anisotropy of the Pacific Upper Mantle by Raitt, G. G. Shor Jr., T. J. G. Francis, and G. B. Morris 1966

General note

Includes notes for talk and lectures presented to the Scripps Institution Staff Research Conference and the American Geophysical Union Meeting, a 1966 report on "Anisotropy of the Pacific Upper Mantle" for MPL, and tentative operation plans for sonar field demonstrations.
Box 13, Folder 13

Seismic Measurements in the Southern Indian Ocean by T. J. G. Francis and Raitt 1966-1967

Box 13, Folder 14

Velocity Anisotropy and Delay-Time Maps of the Mantle near Hawaii by G.B. Morris, Raitt, and G.G. Shor Jr. 1969

Box 13, Folder 15

Mantle Anisotropy in the Pacific Ocean by Raitt, G. G. Shor Jr., G. B. Morris, and H. K. Kirk 1970-1971

General note

Presented at the Ocean World Symposium, Tokyo, Japan.
Box 13, Folder 16

Anisotropy of the Oceanic Upper Mantle by Raitt, G. G. Shor Jr., H. K. Kirk, and M. Henry 1971-1972

General note

Presented at the Seismological Society of America 67th Annual Meeting, Honolulu, Hawaii.
Box 13, Folder 17

Anisotropy and Crustal Structure of the Cocos Plate by G. G. Shor Jr., Raitt, M. Henry, L. R. Bentley, and G. H. Sutton 1973

Box 13, Folder 18

Super-thick Sedimentary Basin, Bay of Bengal by J. N. Brune, J. Curray, L. Dorman, and Raitt ca. 1986

Box 13, Folder 19

Seismic Exploration of the Sea Floor undated

Box 13, Folder 20-21

Seismic Refraction Data Analysis undated

General note

Photocopied manuscript.
Box 14, Folder 1

Bottom Reverberation undated


Reports and Proposals

Box 14, Folder 2

Explosive Sound Waves in the Sea, Observations with a 2500 Moving-Coil Oscillograph by Johnston and Raitt 1942-1947

General note

Report and memorandum moving paper from confidential to unclassified.
Box 14, Folder 3

Volume reverberation at 10, 20, 40, and 80 KC report 1943

Box 14, Folder 4

Layer Effect by Raitt and Sheehy - Report and commentary 1944

Box 14, Folder 5

Declassification memoranda on NDRC reports 1946

General note

Memoranda pertaining to the "Propagation of Underwater Sound" and sonar.
Box 14, Folder 6

Reverberation in Shallow Water (progress report) by C. F. Eyring, R. J. Christensen, and Raitt - Declassification documents 1947

Box 14, Folder 7

Ivy final report project 11.4 - Declassification correspondence and report 1953-1955

Box 14, Folder 8

Reflection and Refraction of Explosive Waves by the Sea Bottom (progress report) by Raitt and George Shor, Jr. 1955

Box 14, Folder 9

Heat Flow through the Ocean Floor 1958-1960

General note

Draft and final grant proposal to the National Science Foundation.
Box 14, Folder 10

International Geophysical Year (IGY) Terminal Report revisions 1964 April

Box 14, Folder 11-12

Anisotropy Studies 1968-1969

General note

Proposals to the National Science Foundation. Includes budget summaries and correspondence.
Box 14, Folder 13

Seismic Anisotropy of the Pacific Mantle by Raitt and G. G. Shor, Jr. - Grant and budget proposals 1971

Box 14, Folder 14

Marine Seismic Refraction, Anisotropy and Structural Studies 1971-1974

General note

Research proposals to the National Science Foundation. Includes budget summaries and correspondence.
Box 14, Folder 15-16

Miscellaneous grant proposals and reports 1974-1976

General note

Includes notes, reports, content on the crustal structure of the East Pacific Rise, and the operation schedule of R/V Thomas Washington.
Box 14, Folder 17

Marine Geophysical and Geological Study of the Molucca Sea Collison Zone - Research grant application 1976


UCDWR Reverberation Group

Box 14, Folder 18

Bottom Reverberation: Dependence on Frequency - UCDWR no. U79 report 1943 June 16

Box 14, Folder 19

Echoes from Wakes - Declassification documents 1947

Box 14, Folder 20-21

Reverberation Studies at 24 KC - Drafts, sections I-XII undated


UCDWR Sonar Group

Box 14, Folder 22

The Isolation of Additive Effects (UCDWR M327) - Declassification documents 1945-1946

Box 14, Folder 23

Sonar Data Division (UCDWR) - Reports and declassification documents 1945-1947

General note

Includes file report of "Additive Analysis with Disproportionate Weighting" (UCDWR M379), declassification documents for "Supplement to: Limitations of Echo Ranges by Reverberation (Deep Water)" (UCDWR M361.1), and "Processing Sound Field Data" (UCDWR N336).
Box 14, Folder 24

Sonar publicity and declassification - Notice by the Office of the Chief of Naval Operations 1946 March 25

General note

Details the extent to which sonar has been declassified and may be used for publication.
Box 14, Folder 25-26

Stratification of Sound Scatterers in the Ocean (UCDWR M397) - Declassification and figures 1946



Box 15, Folder 1

Scattering from a thin layer 1940-1942

Box 15, Folder 2

Reverberation 1942

Box 15, Folder 3

Scattering 1946

Box 15, Folder 4

Distribution of volume scatters (MPL seminar) 1947-1948

Box 15, Folder 5-8

Principles of underwater sound (Oceanography 116) 1947-1952

Box 15, Folder 9

Acoustics of the sea bottom (UCLA Physics seminar) 1948 March 4

Box 15, Folder 10

Explosive sound studies (MPL seminar) 1948

Box 15, Folder 11

Noise lecture notes 1948-1954

General note

Topics include noise and hydrophones, as well as notes from Eckart's lectures in 1951, and noise test data from 1954.
Box 15, Folder 12-13

Geophysics 240A 1950-1957, 1961

Box 15, Folder 14

Seminar in submarine geology 1954

Box 15, Folder 15-17

Special topics in Oceanography (Oceanography 220) 1954-1955, 1957-1958

Box 15, Folder 18-21

Geophysics 240B 1959-1963

Box 16, Folder 1-2

Geophysics (Parts I & II) 1961

Box 16, Folder 3

Geophysics (ES240) 1963

Box 16, Folder 4

Geophysics orientation 1968 April 30

Box 16, Folder 5-6

ES 246A vols. I & II lecture notes 1968

Box 16, Folder 7-9

SIO 244 and SIO 226A 1971-1974

Box 16, Folder 10

Internal constitution of the Earth 1972 January 3

Box 16, Folder 11

Anisotropy of horizontal compressions wave velocity in the upper mantle 1974

Box 16, Folder 12-14

Various lecture notes 1948-1951, 1957-1963

General note

Topics include: volume reverberation, reflection of sound from a sphere, seismic studies, surface waves, elastic strain, heat flow, oceanic movements, and bottom refractions. Contains data from MidPac and Downwind Expeditions.
Box 17, Folder 1-4

Various lecture notes and problem sets 1961-1964, 1966-1967



Scope and Content of Series

Series 6) COMMITTEES AND ORGANIZATIONS: Meeting notes, correspondence, and memoranda from professional organizations and committees in which Raitt participated. Important files include the joint planning committee between NEL and MPL, and the Comité International de Geophysique, a working group of the International Council of Scientific Unions. Arranged chronologically.

Professional Organizations

Box 17, Folder 5

Report on the New York Meeting of the Optical Society of America 1931

General note

Includes correspondence to H. E. Kaiser.
Box 17, Folder 6

The American Physical Society 1946-1947

Box 17, Folder 7-8

American Association for the Advancement of Science - Membership correspondence and annual meeting in San Diego 1946-1947

Box 17, Folder 9

Miscellaneous correspondence 1947-1948

General note

Includes Raitt's membership recommendation letter for the American Geophysical Union.


Box 14, Folder 10

Joint planning committee, Marine Physical Laboratory/Navy Electronics Laboratory 1946 June-1948 February

General note

Includes meeting minutes.
Box 17, Folder 11

Institute of Geophysics - Conference program and advisory board minutes 1956


Working Group Investigations of the Earth's Crust - Comite International de Geophysique 1957-1961

General note

Includes "Interpretation of Seismic Retraction Data," Downwind data, "Pacific Oceanic Crust" paper by Raitt and G. G. Shor, notice of meeting for the Working Group on Investigations of the Earth's Crust, and meeting notes with Fred Spiess.
Box 17, Folder 13-14

Institute of Geophysics - Conference program and advisory board minutes 1957-1959, 1960-1964

Box 17, Folder 15-16

Working Group Investigations of the Earth's Crust - Comite International de Geophysique, meeting and lecture notes 1962

General note

Includes correspondence pertaining to Raitt's participation in the working group meeting, the group's meeting agenda, resolutions and preliminary contributions, and Raitt's notes on the meeting. Raitt's lecture notes for the International Oceanographic Congress held in Paris, France on March 19-22, 1962 are also included.


Scope and Content of Series

Series 7) SIO AND THE UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA: As a researcher at the Scripps Institution of Oceanography (SIO) beginning in 1948, Raitt witnessed the growth of both SIO and UC San Diego. In addition to Raitt's faculty papers and lecture notes, this series documents the development of the Department of Earth Science, controversies surrounding the 1950 University of California loyalty oath, and Third College (now Thurgood Marshall College). This series contains correspondence, meeting minutes, and relevant reports on the history and development of SIO and UC San Diego.
Arranged chronologically within three subseries: A) Scripps Institution of Oceanography, B) Department of Earth Sciences, and C) UC San Diego.

Scripps Institution of Oceanography

Box 17, Folder 17

Budget committee - Meeting agendas and ledgers 1960-1963

General note

Agendas include lists of appointments and breakdown of research funding.
Box 17, Folder 18

University of California Division of War Research (UCDWR) personnel directories 1944-1945

Box 17, Folder 19

Marine Physical Laboratory - Notes and memoranda on formulation 1946-1947

Box 17, Folder 20

University of California public information clip sheet 1948 March

Box 17, Folder 21

Policy memorandum on use of the Scripps Institution name 1956

Box 17, Folder 22

Raitt's MPL badge 1956

Box 17, Folder 23

Institute of Oceanography of the National Academy of Science of the USSR - Vityaz visit 1958 December

General note

Includes visit itinerary, guest lists, Vityaz personnel lists and memoranda to SIO staff.
Box 17, Folder 24

University of California/ Scripps Institution of Oceanography film series proposal on Oceanography 1962

Box 17, Folder 25

Marine Physical Laboratory - Personnel clearance memoranda 1966-1967

Box 17, Folder 26

Photograph from the Celebration in Honor of Russell Raitt and Victor Vacquier 1992 October 13

Box 21, Folder 1-5

Sound recording of the Celebration in Honor of Russell Raitt and Victor Vacquier 1992 October 12

General note

Five audiocassettes of a day of lectures recognizing the scientific contributions of Raitt and Vacquier, organized by George Shor and John Sclater, held in Sumner Auditorium. Speakers include William A. Nierenberg, Cecil Green, J. Tuzo Wilson, Jean Francheteau, Christopher Harrison, Fred Spiess, Sir Anthony Laughton, Robert L. Fisher, and others. Digitized version available upon request.


Original restricted (digital version available)

Department of Earth Sciences

Box 17, Folder 27

Earth Sciences curricula development for geochemistry and geophysics - Proposals and memoranda 1957-1959

Box 17, Folder 28

UC Academic Senate, Southern Section minutes - Approval of graduate degrees in geochemistry 1958

Box 17, Folder 29

Formation of the Department of Earth Sciences - Preliminary proposal 1958 November 5

Box 17, Folder 30

Earth Sciences geophysical curricula memorandum and proposal 1961

Box 17, Folder 31

UC San Diego Department of Earth Sciences and SIO undergraduate curricula in geophysics 1965

Box 17, Folder 32

Raitt's notes on Earth Sciences curricula redesign ca. 1973


UC San Diego

Box 18, Folder 1

Referendum on UC San Diego fallout shelter program 1963 March 14

General note

Prepared and distributed by the University of California Campus Women for Peace.
Box 18, Folder 2

Lumumba-Zapata proposal (Third College) 1969

General note

Includes committee meeting minutes and Chancellor's response.
Box 18, Folder 3

Third College academic plan 1969 October


UC Academic Senate, San Diego Division

Box 18, Folder 4

Loyalty oath controversy 1949-1950

General note

Includes newspaper articles, petitions, correspondence to the Academic Senate.
Box 18, Folder 5

Memorandum regarding emereti benefits submitted by faculty of the Southern Section 1952

Box 18, Folder 6-7

Committee on Academic Freedom - Memoranda and correspondence 1965-1970

General note

Includes comments regarding the UC Student Organization Handbook revision; "Save the University" correspondence; a statement by John Isaacs on Department of Defense research funding; an issue of the "Reviled College Inciter" and articles from "The Indicator"; and documents pertaining to the Vietnam war and campus protests.
Box 18, Folder 8

Academic Senate - Resolutions against war research ca. 1970

Box 18, Folder 9

Academic Senate special committee - George Francis McEwen Memorial Resolution 1972 March

Box 18, Folder 10-13

Committee on Public Ceremonies - Agenda and minutes 1965-1969, 1971-1972

General note

Includes agenda, memoranda, and minutes for various public ceremonies at UC San Diego, including the dedication of Revelle College, and the inauguration of Chancellor John S. Galbraith.


Scope and Content of Series

Series 8) SLIDES: Images primarily of figures and diagrams used in Raitt's presentations. Includes a sequence of glass lantern slides from the Marine Physical Laboratory. Slides are numbered according to Raitt's original labelling system.
Box 18, Folder 14

Guadalupe and Decros Islands 1949 January and March

Box 18, Folder 15

Marine Physical Laboratory (MPL) sea trips from San Diego to Santa Rosa Island, with index 1949 August

Box 18, Folder 16

Guadalupe Island with Melpomene cave undated

Box 18, Folder 17

Index to lantern slides for Raitt presentations 1973

General note

The numbering used in the index corresponds to the "RR" labels on the slides, also referred to as the Medieval System.
Box 19

RR 1-10 - Tonga Trench by Raitt, R. L. Fisher, and R. G. Mason 1954-1955

Box 19

RR 11-20 - Propagation of Explosive Sound Beneath the Sea Floor 1956

Box 19

RR 21-26 - Sediment Thickness of the Pacific Sea Floor by R. Revelle and Raitt 1957

Box 19

RR 27-35 - Topography and Structure of the Pacific Basin (Pt. II) Central Basin by Raitt and H. W. Menard 1958

Box 19

RR 36-47 - Pacific Oceanic Crust by Raitt and G. G. Shor, Jr. 1959

Box 19

RR 48-51 - Geophysics of the South Pacific 1963

Box 19

RR 52-57 - Seismic Refraction Studies of the Mendocino Fracture Zone 1963

Box 19

RR 58-63 - Seismic Refraction Studies of the Indian Ocean by Raitt and G. G. Shor, Jr. 1963

Box 19

RR 64-66 - Is the Mohole a Discontinuity? 1965

Box 19

RR 67-45 undated

General note

Slides not matched to lectures. Includes: figures; charts of the Pacific Ocean showing SIO temperature probe stations, seismic refraction stations, and site lines and stations from MidPac and Capricorn Expeditions; travel time plots of Capricorn stations; and slides related to sediment thickness.
Box 19

RR 76-83 - Marine Seismic Studies of the Indonesian Island Arc 1967

Box 20

MPL slides 1-7, 48-55, 113-119, 178-231 (some slides missing) 1946-1953

Box 21

MPL slides 242-250, 289-357 (some slides missing) 1946-1953