Fortress Monroe photograph album, ca. 1910

Processed by Jane Carpenter with assistance from Simon Elliott; machine-readable finding aid created by Caroline Cubé.
UCLA Library Special Collections
Room A1713, Charles E. Young Research Library
Box 951575
Los Angeles, CA 90095-1575
© 2013
The Regents of the University of California. All rights reserved.

Descriptive Summary

Title: Fortress Monroe photograph album
Date (inclusive): ca. 1910
Collection number: 94/16
Creator: Fortress Monroe.
Physical Description: 1 album (21 leaves (2 folded)) : collotypes ; 21 x 26 cm (album)

Albertypes or collotypes (photomechanical reproductions of photographic images, using a collotype coating on glass plates which allowed for the high speed mass production of images) are mounted on leaves of heavy olive green paper; printed captions along bottom edge of picture.

Brown paper covers, tied with brown silk cord; pictorial onlay on upper cover (photo reproduction of a view of the fort); title "Fortress Monroe " printed in red below.

Spec. Coll. copy: imperfect, cover torn, with only last word of title visible. In modern beige and white cloth-covered clamshell box, with velcro closure; box title "Fortress Monroe. 94/16" on spine.
Abstract: Souvenir album, probably from ca. 1910, of Fortress Monroe (now known as Fort Monroe) in Hampton, Virginia, containing 22 captioned Albertype or collotype reproductions of historic and contemporary photographs of the fort.
Language: Finding aid is written in English.
Language of the Material: Materials are in English.
Repository: University of California, Los Angeles. Library Special Collections.
Los Angeles, California 90095-1575
Physical location: Stored off-site at SRLF. Advance notice is required for access to the collection. Please contact UCLA Library Special Collections for paging information.

Administrative Information

Restrictions on Access

Open for research. STORED OFF-SITE AT SRLF. Advance notice is required for access to the collection. Please contact UCLA Library Special Collections for paging information.

Restrictions on Use and Reproduction

Property rights to the physical object belong to the UC Regents. Literary rights, including copyright, are retained by the creators and their heirs. It is the responsibility of the researcher to determine who holds the copyright and pursue the copyright owner or his or her heir for permission to publish where The UC Regents do not hold the copyright.

Preferred Citation

[Identification of item], Fortress Monroe photograph album (Collection 94/16). UCLA Library Special Collections, Charles E. Young Research Library, UCLA.

UCLA Catalog Record ID

UCLA Catalog Record ID: 4233582 


Fort Monroe, the largest stone fort ever built in the United States, is a six-sided fortress completely surrounded by a moat, built after the War of 1812, between 1819 and 1834 when the United States realized the importance of protecting Chesapeake Bay and the inland waters against attack.

Scope and Content

Included are a long bird's-eye view of the fort, a view from the "sally port", featuring the YMCA building and St. Mary's Star of the Sea chapel (rebuilt in stone in 1903); view of the moat; and view of the guard mount and parade grounds. Photos of buildings on the grounds include the Chamberlin Hotel (rebuilt in 1928 after a fire); library (built 1909); Coast Artillery School (formed in 1907, moved to California in 1946); Quarters 35 and enlisted men's library; the small wooden Carpenter-Gothic-style post chapel; officers' row and post office (built 1898); and the turreted Queen Anne-style Sherwood Inn, demolished in 1932. One photo shows the casemate in which Confederate President Jefferson Davis, was held prisoner for two years after the Civil War. Also included are photo reproductions of buildings in the town of Hampton, Virginia: St. John's Episcopal Church, National Soldiers Home, and the Hampton Normal Institute. The photo captioned "Aunt Charlotte" portrays an African-American woman, Charlotte White, in her ox cart. During the late 19th century, White earned a living by selling her freshly-baked pies everyday to soldiers and tourists at Fort Monroe. Two of the pictures are albertype reproductions of photos of paintings of the period: one is a view of Government Dock, Hampton Roads; the other, the battle of the Monitor and Merrimac, Hampton Roads, 1862.

Organization and Arrangement

Fortress Monroe, Va. -- Street view. Hotel Chamberlin. Kimberly's Store -- Guard Mount -- Y.M.C.A. building. View from the Sally Port. St. Mary's Star of the Sea -- The moat -- Library -- Casemate in which Jeff. Davis was confined -- Coast Artillery School -- Quarters 35 and Library -- Post chapel, inside the fort -- Hotel Chamberlin -- Sherwood Inn -- Post office. Officers' Row -- Enlisted men's library; Row of officers' quarters outside the fort; Hospital -- Monitor and Merrimac, Hampton roads 1862 -- Government pier and Hotel Chamberlin; The Hampton Normal Institute -- St. John's Episcopal Church, Hampton, built 1658 -- Main building, National Soldiers' Home, Hampton -- Approaching storm, view, towards Rip Raps -- Aunt Charlotte -- Government dock, Hampton Roads.

Indexing Terms

The following terms have been used to index the description of this collection in the library's online public access catalog.


Architecture, Domestic --Virginia --Fort Monroe --Pictorial works.
Architecture, Domestic --Virginia --Hampton --Pictorial works.
Fort Monroe (Va.) --Pictorial works.
Hampton (Va.) --Buildings, structures, etc. --Pictorial works.

Genres and Forms of Material

Collotypes --Virginia --Fort Monroe --1910.
Photograph albums --Virginia --Fort Monroe --1910.

Other Index Terms Related to this Collection

Kimberly, J.B. (John B.), publisher.
Albertype Co.

Related Material

Part of the Photograph Album Collection (Collection 94)   in UCLA Library Special Collections.