Scope and Content of Collection
Title: Tonatiúh and Electra Gutiérrez collection of maps and images of the
Date (inclusive): 1523-1904
42.48 Linear Feet
(24 boxes, 20 flatfile folders)
The Getty Research Institute
1200 Getty Center Drive, Suite 1100
Los Angeles 90049-1688
The Tonatiúh and Electra Gutiérrez
collection of maps and images of the Americas spans more than three centuries and includes
maps of North and South America, several world maps, and iconography of life, fauna and
rituals in the Americas. It was assembled by the Gutiérrezes as they researched the early
history and exploration of the Americas.
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Language: Collection material is in Spanish,
French, German, English and Latin.
Tonatiúh Gutiérrez was the son of a high Mexican government official who served during the
years of President Lázaro Cárdenas. An Olympic swimmer in his youth, Gutiérrez became a
professor of economics at the Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México (UNAM), as well as
promoter of the popular and traditional arts. During the 1960s he was the director of
expositions of the National Tourist Council of Mexico, and in the 1970s served as the head
of the Fideicomiso para el Fomento de las Artesanías (later known as Fondo Nacional para el
Fomento de Artesanías, FONART), an important state trust for the promotion of folk art.
Electra López Mompradé de Gutiérrez was the daughter of Spanish republicans exiled to Mexico
in 1939. She became an expert in pre-Columbian dance and dress and Mexican culture and
history. The couple lived in the district of Coyoacán in Mexico City until Gutiérrez's death
after which Mompradé moved to Spain.
Gutiérrez and Mompradé were considered important collectors and dedicated decades of their
lives to researching and publishing books concerning popular culture, folklore, art,
geography and history of Mexico and the Americas. Proficient in multiple languages, they
conducted research in various cities throughout the Americas and Europe, including Mexico
City, San Diego, San Francisco, Austin, Madrid, Paris, and London. As scholars, they
co-authored the majority of their works and wrote important monographs on the history of
Mexico, in particular its iconography and cartography.
Open for use by qualified researchers.
Tonatiúh and Electra Gutiérrez collection of maps and images of the Americas, 1523-1904,
The Getty Research Institute, Los Angeles, Accession no. P840001.
Acquired in 1984.
The collection was partially processed in 1997. In 2013, Ednar Segura completed the
processing and the arrangement of the collection and wrote this finding aid under the
supervision of Andra Darlington and Karen Meyer-Roux. Item-level cataloging of the maps,
prints and watercolors in the Research Library's online catalog by Ednar Segura and Clarice
Scope and Content of Collection
The Tonatiúh and Electra Gutiérrez collection includes historic maps of the Americas
spanning more than three centuries, with an emphasis on Mexico and the region of
Mesoamerica. The Gutiérrezes assembled this collection as they researched the early history
and exploration of the Americas and used it to illustrate their publications.
Included are more than 350 maps by cartographers, geographers and publishers from Flanders,
the Netherlands, France, Italy, Spain, England, and the Americas, including Frans Hogenberg,
Abraham Ortelius, Jodocus Hondius, Willem Janszoon Blaeu, Vincenzo Maria Coronelli, Nicolas
and Guillaume Sanson, Jacques-Nicolas Bellin, Herman Moll, Henry Popple, and Antonio García
In addition, the collection includes images of life, fauna, landscapes, cities and rituals
in the Americas, historical scenes, and portrait prints of leaders from the Americas and
European explorers. Included are plates from Cesare Vecellio's
antichi e moderni di tutto il mondo...
(Venice, 1598), plates from Bernard
Ceremonies et coutumes religieuses des peuples
(Amsterdam, 1723-1743), and watercolors by the Peruvian artist Pancho
Fierro (Francisco Fierro Palas).
For item-level records of rare books, prints, watercolors and maps in the collection,
for the phrase "Gutiérrez Collection." Gutiérrez
Collection numbers for maps are listed below in the inventory.
Arranged in two series:
Series I. Maps, 1523-1904;
Series II. Images, 1535-circa 1900.
Subjects - Topics
Prints -- Collectors and collecting
Mexico -- Social life and customs
Maps -- Collectors and collecting
Mexico -- Maps
South America -- Social life and customs
North America -- Maps
South America -- Maps
North America -- Social life and customs
Genres and Forms of Material
Bellin, Jacques Nicolas,
Hogenberg, Frans, approximately
Blaeu, Willem Janszoon,
Vecellio, Cesare, approximately
Popple, Henry, -1743
Moll, Herman, -1732
Robert de Vaugondy, Gilles,