A collection of correspondence and
documents related to the Walking Purchase and the 1756-1758 Councils of Easton retained by
the office of Pennsylvania's governor William Denny.
The Walking Purchase was an alleged agreement between the Penn family, the original
proprietors of the Province of Pennsylvania in the colonial era, and the Lenape Native
Americans (also known as the Delaware Indians). In 1737, Thomas and John Penn, Proprietors,
presented the Delaware Indians with what they said was the 1686 treaty that entitled them to
a tract extending "as far as a man can goe a day and a half." They then hired several men
who ran, not walked, for a day and a half along a set course in the Lehigh Valley; this
yielded a territory the size of Rhode Island (nearly 1,100 square miles or 1.2 million
acres). The Delaware Indians tried to challenge the deal, only to be forced off their
ancestral land in 1742. Their land was quickly sold off to settlers who poured into
Pennsylvania, netting the Penn family a considerable fortune. Despite several inquiries at
the Councils of Easton (1756-1758) as to the legality of the original Walking Purchase
treaty it was declared authentic and on June 23, 1762, Chief Teedyuscung signed a statement
acknowledging the legality of the Walking Purchase.
4.92 Linear Feet
(2 boxes and 1 oversize box)
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