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Finding aid for the Michel de Maynard lantern slides of early twentieth-century China
2002.R.43  
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Collection Details
 
Table of contents What's This?
  • Descriptive Summary
  • Biographical / Historical
  • Administrative Information
  • Scope and Content of Collection
  • Indexing Terms

  • Descriptive Summary

    Title: Michel de Maynard lantern slides of early twentieth-century China
    Date (inclusive): 1906-1912
    Number: 2002.R.43
    Creator/Collector: Maynard, Michel de
    Physical Description: 3.5 Linear Feet (230 lantern slides in 7 boxes)
    Repository:
    The Getty Research Institute
    Special Collections
    1200 Getty Center Drive, Suite 1100
    Los Angeles 90049-1688
    reference@getty.edu
    URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10020/askref
    (310) 440-7390
    Abstract: Lantern slides taken by Michel de Maynard, a Franciscan missionary in China, document Chinese culture and missionary activity during the last days of the Qing dynasty, the revolution of 1911, and the birth of the Chinese Republic, notably in Shaanxi province. Subjects include landscapes, buildings, cultural monuments, formal and informal portraits, scenes of daily life, religious and cultural practices, and the revolution of 1911.
    Request Materials: Request access to the physical materials described in this inventory through the catalog record  for this collection. Click here for the access policy .
    Language: Collection material is in French.

    Biographical / Historical

    Michel de Maynard was a Franciscan missionary posted in China in the early twentieth-century from at least 1906 to 1912. His travels across north China coincided with the decline of the Chinese empire and the Qing dynasty and the beginnings of the Republic of China, including the revolution of 1911.
    The few facts known about de Maynard are gleaned from the personal documents reproduced in the present collection and pertain specifically to at least part of his time in China. These documents include his French-Chinese passport issued by the Bureau of Foreign Affairs in Shaanxi province; his Chinese passport, dated September 1912; his Chinese-language calling card; and a Chinese-language contract for the rental of wagons and equipment required for a lengthy journey. The documents indicate that Maynard was granted permission to live, preach and conduct daily business in Shaanxi province, and that when he left China he traveled from the Shaanxi prefecture city of Hsing-an-fu to Peking (Beijing),and thence to the Shandong port city of Yen T'ai. Maynard is pictured in several slides: in number 5 he appears dressed "en chinois" and in number 7 he appears with a group of church officials and clerics.

    Administrative Information

    Publication Rights

    Preferred Citation

    Michel de Maynard lantern slides of early twentieth-century China, 1906-1912, The Getty Research Institute, Los Angeles, Accession no. 2002.R.43.
    http://hdl.handle.net/10020/cifa2002r43

    Immediate Source of Acquisition

    Acquired in 2002.

    Processing Information

    The collection was processed and cataloged with an item-level inventory by Beth Ann Guynn in 2004 with translations and notes provided by Gang Song. The finding aid was written by Guynn in 2017 and encoded by her and Linda Kleiger in 2017.

    Existence and Location of Copies

    The collection was digitized by the repository in 2019 and the images are available online:
    http://hdl.handle.net/10020/2002r43

    Scope and Content of Collection

    The collection of 230 lantern slides taken by Michel de Maynard, a French Franciscan missionary serving in China, document Chinese culture and missionary activity during the last days of the Qing dynasty, the revolution of 1911, and the birth of the Chinese Republic, notably in Shaanxi province. Subjects include landscapes, buildings, cultural monuments, formal and informal portraits, scenes of daily life, religious and cultural practices, and aspects of the 1911 revolution.
    At the beginning of the collection are several slides reproducing Maynard's personal documents, such as his passports and Chinese-language calling card. Maynard appears in several images (slides 5 and 7 for example). Also included are slides of maps of China and the Franciscan apostolate.
    The Catholic missions in China as well as native Chinese religious practices are documented. There are several slides of Western clerics, missionaries, and nuns. Groups of adult converts, school children, and missionary bands are posed in front of churches and Sunday schools. The influence of missionary work on the Chinese population is evident in a view of two Chinese women praying at an altar, with pictures of the life of Christ in the background (number 17), and a slide of a Chinese scroll containing a liturgical prayer or scriptural quotation (number 21). Chinese religions are represented in views of pagodas and shrines and statues of the Buddha, Taoist deities, and guardian spirits. People are shown making offerings at local Buddhist shrines. Groups of monks include an image of newly-ordained monks outside a Taoist shrine (number 65). Intertwined with religious practice are slides showing the tombs of important personages and slides documenting funerary customs, such as mourners in front of a Buddhist pagoda (number 88), a mourner burning paper money offerings (number 87), and funerary processions (numbers 89 and 90).
    The revolution of 1911 and its effects on the country and people of China are also well-represented. There are portraits of local leaders of the revolution in Shaanxi and a portrait of General Yuan Shikai before he became provisional president of the Republic (number 173). The caption for the Buddhist pagoda Liao-yuan-T'a identifies it as "c'est tramé la révolution de Zhensi" (number 60). Scenes from the revolution include the removal of queues, imprisoned imperial soldiers, executions, and views of shattered buildings, churches, and fortresses. The rise of the "militarists" in Shaanxi can be seen in images of local militias; officials and police; soldiers and officers; barracks; military schools and headquarters; military bands; processions; military maneuvers; and battalions in formation. A group portrait of five young upper class women identifies them as "victimes de la révolution de 1911" (number 433).
    Representations of Chinese people include studio portraits of upper class individuals and families; scholars; nobles; and officials. There are a few formal portraits of persons from the lower classes, as well as many informal images and genre scenes depicting daily activities and occupations. The western influence in China is evidenced in small details of clothing and objects, and even in the types of poses chosen and the more direct gazes on the faces of some of the subjects.

    Arrangement

    The collection is arranged in a single series: Series I. Lantern slides, 1906-1912.

    Indexing Terms

    Subjects - Names

    Yuan, Shikai, 1859-1916 -- Portraits

    Subjects - Topics

    Clothing and dress -- China
    Executions and executioners -- China
    Funeral rites and ceremonies -- China
    Missionaries -- China
    Missions -- China
    Occupations -- China
    Pagodas -- China
    Buddhist sculpture -- China
    Scholars -- China
    Shrines -- China

    Subjects - Places

    China -- Description and travel
    China -- History -- Qing dynasty, 1644-1912
    Shaanxi Sheng (China) -- Description and travel
    China -- History -- Republic, 1912-1949
    China -- History -- Revolution, 1911-1912
    China -- Religion

    Genres and Forms of Material

    Lantern slides -- China -- 20th century
    Photographs, Original
    Studio portraits -- China -- 20th century

    Contributors

    Maynard, Michel de