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Potteau (Jacques-Philippe) Portraits of Algerian Soldiers
2018.R.27  
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Collection Details
 
Table of contents What's This?
  • Descriptive Summary
  • Biographical / Historical
  • Administrative Information
  • Related Archival Materials
  • Scope and Content of Collection
  • Indexing Terms

  • Descriptive Summary

    Title: Jacques-Philippe Potteau Portraits of Algerian Soldiers for the Collection anthropologique du Muséum de Paris
    Date (inclusive): 1863
    Number: 2018.R.27
    Creator/Collector: Potteau, Jacques-Philippe, 1807-1876
    Physical Description: 1.33 Linear Feet (20 photographs in 1 box)
    Repository:
    The Getty Research Institute
    Special Collections
    1200 Getty Center Drive, Suite 1100
    Los Angeles 90049-1688
    reference@getty.edu
    URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10020/askref
    (310) 440-7390
    Abstract: The 20 frontal and profile portraits of ten Algerian soldiers who visited Paris in 1863 were taken by Philippe-Jacques Potteau as part of his larger anthropological project for the Muséum national d'histoire naturelle, known as the Collection anthropologique du Muséum de Paris (1855-1869). Seven pairs of photographs are of soldiers from the 3rd Regiment of Algerian Tirailleurs, an infantry corps, and three pairs depict soldiers from the 2nd and 3rd Regiments of Algerian Spahis, or light cavalry units.
    Request Materials: Request access to the physical materials described in this inventory through the catalog record   for this collection. Click here for the access policy .
    Language: Collection material is in French.

    Biographical / Historical

    Jacques-Philippe Potteau was a member of the anthropology department of the Muséum d'histoire naturelle, Paris. Between 1860 and 1869 he made a series of ethnographic portraits for the museum under the collective title Collection anthropologique du Muséum de Paris. In 1862 Potteau succeeded Louis Rousseau as the departmental photographer. Potteau never accompanied scientific expeditions, but rather organized sittings for members of official groups visiting Paris and other persons in his own studio. His subjects were largely diplomatic delegates or soldiers, and, less frequently, musicians, domestic servants and members of the lower social ranks. Potteau showed his work at the London Photography Exhibit in 1862 and 1863, and at the 1863 Paris International Photography Exhibit.

    Administrative Information

    Conditions Governing Access

    Open for use by qualified researchers.

    Publication Rights

    Preferred Citation

    Jacques-Philippe Potteau Portraits of Algerian Soldiers for the Collection anthropologique du Muséum de Paris, 1863, The Getty Research Institute, Los Angeles, Accession no. 2018.R.27.
    http://hdl.handle.net/10020/cifa2018r27

    Immediate Source of Acquisition

    Acquired in 2018.

    Processing Information

    In 2018 Beth Ann Guynn processed the collection and wrote the finding aid.

    Digitized Material

    The collection was digitized in 2019 and the images are available online:

    Related Archival Materials

    The repository holds another group of Potteau's ethnographic portraits that includes Algerian soldiers, Vietnamese ambassadors and European types among the sitters. See: Portraits from Jacques-Philippe Potteau's Collection anthropologique du Muséum de Paris, Special Collections accession no. 2017.R.20.

    Scope and Content of Collection

    The 20 frontal and profile photographic portraits of ten Algerian soldiers who visited Paris in 1863 were taken by Philippe-Jacques Potteau as part of his larger anthropological project for the Muséum national d'histoire naturelle, known as the Collection anthropologique du Muséum de Paris (1855-1869). Seven pairs of photographs are of soldiers from the 3rd Regiment of Algerian Tirailleurs, an infantry corps, and three pairs depict soldiers from the 2nd and 3rd Regiments of Algerian Spahis, or light cavalry units.
    Handwritten on the mounts below the albumen photographs is data related to the specific sitter including, variously, name (used in this finding aid as the photograph's title), age (or birth date), rank or occupation, place of birth and ethnic background. The information is not uniformly present, suggesting a less than exacting documentation process, and the data for the Algerian soldiers is, for the most part, less complete than that found on the portraits of Potteau's more illustrious sitters. Nevertheless, these portraits with their annotated mounts are important examples of early French colonial ethnography.
    The photographs are dated on their mounts: Phot. en 1863. The photographs were almost certainly printed before 1872 (when Potteau gave his negatives to the Muséum de Paris for safekeeping), as they present his printing style, derived from Gustave Le Gray, of cutting the corners of the prints on the diagonal.

    Arrangement

    Arranged in a single series: Series I: Jacques-Philippe Potteau Portraits of Algerian Soldiers for the Collection anthropologique du Muséum de Paris, 1863.

    Indexing Terms

    Subjects - Corporate Bodies

    France. Armée. Armée d'Afrique -- Portraits
    France. Armée de terre. Régiment de spahis, 3e
    France. Armée. Tirailleurs algériens -- Portraits
    Muséum national d'histoire naturelle (France)

    Subjects - Topics

    Photography in ethnology
    Algerians -- Portraits

    Genres and Forms of Material

    Albumen prints--France--19th century.
    Studio portraits -- France -- 19th century
    Photographs, Original.

    Contributors

    Potteau, Jacques-Philippe, 1807-1876