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Walter Crenshaw papers
MS 418  
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Collection Details
 
Table of contents What's This?
  • Descriptive Summary
  • Access
  • Publication Rights
  • Preferred Citation
  • Acquisition Information
  • Processing Information
  • Biographical Note
  • Collection Scope and Contents
  • Collection Arrangement
  • Indexing Terms

  • Descriptive Summary

    Title: Walter Crenshaw papers
    Date (inclusive): 1942-1944
    Collection Number: MS 418
    Creator: Crenshaw, Walter, 1909-2016
    Extent: 0.21 linear feet (1 box)
    Repository: Rivera Library. Special Collections Department.
    Riverside, CA 92517-5900
    Abstract: The collection consists of medals and other records from Walter Crenshaw, who served as the administrative assistant to the provost marshall at the Tuskegee Army Air Field during the Second World War. Items in the collection include Crenshaw's pay and physical fitness records, a Tuskegee Army Airfield yearbook, a Thanksgiving menu, and three medals Crenshaw received related to his service.
    Languages: The collection is in English.

    Access

    The collection is open for research.

    Publication Rights

    Copyright has not been assigned to the University of California, Riverside Libraries, Special Collections & University Archives. Distribution or reproduction of materials protected by copyright beyond that allowed by fair use requires the written permission of the copyright owners. To the extent other restrictions apply, permission for distribution or reproduction from the applicable rights holder is also required. Responsibility for obtaining permissions, and for any use rests exclusively with the user.

    Preferred Citation

    [identification of item], [date if possible]. Walter Crenshaw papers (MS 418). Special Collections & University Archives, University of California, Riverside.

    Acquisition Information

    Gift of N. Joyce Crenshaw, 2018.

    Processing Information

    Processed by Jessica Geiser, Collections Management Librarian, 2018.

    Biographical Note

    Walter Crenshaw Jr. was born on October 27, 1909, and was raised in Alabama. He attended the Tuskegee Institute in 1927, and one year later transferred to Alabama State University. In 1940, Crenshaw married Zelma Whatley, and the two eventually had five children.
    In 1942, Crenshaw joined the U.S. Army Air Corps, and received administrative training before being stationed at the Tuskegee Army Air Field. Crenshaw served as the Administrative Assistant to the Provost Marshal, where he oversaw the background checks and induction of cadets for the 99th Pursuit Squadron and the 332nd Fighters Squadron and got to know each recruit on a personal basis.
    After being honorably discharged in 1945, Crenshaw moved to Detroit, Michigan, where he worked for 22 years as the head shipping clerk for Railway Express Agency. Crenshaw and his family then spent time in Santa Monica, California and South Carolina before retiring to Redondo Beach, California in 2007.
    In 2008, he was honored at the National Historic Site of the National Museum of the Tuskegee Airmen, in addition to the 2007 Congressional Gold Medal President George W. Bush bestowed to all Tuskegee Airmen. Crenshaw also held the distinction for many years of being the oldest living documented Tuskegee Airmen, until his passing in 2016 at the age of 106.

    Collection Scope and Contents

    The collection consists of medals and other records from Walter Crenshaw, who served as the administrative assistant to the provost marshal at the Tuskegee Army Air Field during the Second World War. Items in the collection include Crenshaw's pay and physical fitness records, a Tuskegee Army Airfield yearbook, a Tuskegee Air Field Thanksgiving menu, and three medals Crenshaw received related to his service.
    Also included is a checklist from the War Department Pamphlet "Command of Negro Troops," which sought to help white commanding officers successfully interact with black troops.

    Collection Arrangement

    The collection is arranged alphabetically.

    Indexing Terms

    The following terms have been used to index the description of this collection in the library's online public access catalog.

    Subjects

    African American fighter pilots
    Tuskegee Army Air Field (Ala.)
    Tuskegee Army Flying School (Tuskegee, Ala.)
    United States -- Armed Forces -- African Americans
    World War, 1939-1945 -- Participation, African American

    Genres and Forms of Materials

    Medals
    Military records
    Yearbooks