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Sak'art'velos SSR sakhelmtsipo usisroebis komiteti [Georgian KGB] records
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Collection Details
Table of contents What's This?
  • Access
  • Publication Rights
  • Acquisition Information
  • Preferred Citation
  • Location of Originals
  • Historical Note
  • Scope and Content of Collection

  • Title: Sak'art'velos SSR sakhelmtsipo ušišroebis komiteti [Georgian KGB] records
    Date (inclusive): 1921-1952
    Collection Number: 2012C55
    Contributing Institution: Hoover Institution Library and Archives
    Language of Material: In Georgian and Russian
    Physical Description: 85 digital files (PDF) (85.0 digital_files)
    Abstract: Correspondence, reports, and investigative and judicial files relating to secret police investigative activities and prosecutions in the Georgian S.S.R. Includes lists of persons tried and judicial proceedings in 1937-1938. Digital copies.
    Creator: Sak'art'velos SSR sakhelmtsipo ušišroebis komiteti
    Physical Location: Hoover Institution Archives


    The collection is open for research. Users must sign use agreement.

    Publication Rights

    For copyright status, please contact the Hoover Institution Archives.

    Acquisition Information

    Acquired by the Hoover Institution Archives in 2012.

    Preferred Citation

    [Identification of item] (Digital copy), [Record number], Sak'art'velos SSR sakhelmtsipo ušišroebis komiteti records, Hoover Institution Archives.

    Location of Originals

    Šinagan sak'met'a saminstros arkivi, T'bilisi, Georgia.

    Historical Note

    The Archives department of the Georgian A.S.S.R was established in March 1921 by resolution of the Extraordinary Commission (ChK). The Georgian A.S.S.R. became a union republic in 1936, and at that time the Archives became a part of the People's Commissariat of State Security (NKGB) of the Georgian S.S.R. Later the NKGB became the Ministry of State Security (MGB), and in 1954 it became the Committee for State Security (KGB) of the Council of Ministers of the Georgian S.S.R.
    The responsibilities of the Archives department included receiving and preserving incriminating materials about "enemies of the state" and other "dangerous elements" investigated by the state security institutions. From 1921 to 1991 the Archives accumulated more than 230,000 files stored in the cellar of the 10th department of the Committee of State Security (KGB). During the "Tbilisi War" -- the military coup d'etat of December 21, 1991 to January 6, 1992, against the first democratically elected President of Georgia, Zviad Gamsakhurdia -- the central building of the former KGB caught fire. As a result, 210,000 archival files (80% of the entire collection) were destroyed.
    However, many important documents are still held in the Georgian KGB Archives, including those relating to the 1922-1924 guerrilla uprising against Soviet occupation, the 1991-1993 Georgian Civil War (Georgian-Ossetian and Georgian-Abkhazian conflicts and coup d'etat against Gamsakhurdia), the dissident movement, the March 1956 Tbilisi demonstrations against Khrushchev's de-Stalinization policy, and the "Mingrelian Affair" (a series of criminal cases fabricated in 1951-1952 accusing several members of the Communist Party of the Georgian S.S.R. of Mingrelian origin of collaboration with the Western powers).
    The records of the Georgian KGB available at the Hoover Archives mostly relate to implementation of the death penalty (banned in 1947) or lesser terms of punishment in the Georgian S.S.R.

    Scope and Content of Collection

    This collection relates to repressions in the Georgian S.S.R., especially to the 1937-1938 purges and the mass executions that took place during World War II. It contains lists of people executed; legal sentences; directives from the Chief of the NKVD of the Georgian S.S.R. to chiefs of NKVDs of autonomous republics and heads of prisons, military tribunals, and other institutions; memoranda; correspondence; and telegrams. Also included are "execution statements" confirming that death sentences were carried out, along with medical certifications of death. Execution statements were signed by officials present at the execution, including the chief of internal prison, commandant, and military procurator.
    Files vary in length, with some exceeding 300 pages.

    Subjects and Indexing Terms

    Secret service -- Soviet Union
    Police -- Soviet Union
    Georgia (Republic) -- Politics and government -- 1917-1991
    Police -- Georgia (Republic)
    Political crimes and offenses -- Georgia (Republic)