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Finding Aid of the California Historical Society collection of the California Department of Natural Resources' Los Angeles County Master Shoreline Plan records 0245.3
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Collection Details
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  • Conditions Governing Access
  • Conditions Governing Use
  • Scope and Content
  • Preferred Citation
  • Acquisition
  • Historical Note

  • Title: California Historical Society collection of the California Department of Natural Resources' Los Angeles County Master Shoreline Plan records
    Collection number: 0245.3
    Contributing Institution: USC Libraries Special Collections
    Language of Material: English
    Container: 1
    Physical Description: 0.42 linear ft. 1 letter-size document box
    Date: 1946-1947
    Abstract: In 1947 a property appraisal was conducted along Santa Monica Bay for the purpose of estimating the fair market value of various shoreline parcels selected by the Regional Planning Commission of Los Angeles County for purchase by the State of California. The report, accompanied by tract maps and photographs, recommended the purchase of the selected parcels of land to the California State Park Commission. The records in this collection consist of a detailed appraisal report, a set of parcel maps, and a book of black and white photographs with typed descriptions of the properties.
    creator: California. Department of Natural Resources.
    creator: Curzon, Eugene C.
    creator: Hennessey, John A.
    creator: Mason, Thomas F.
    creator: Schmutz, George L., (George Le Roy), 1893-1958

    Conditions Governing Access

    Advance notice required for access.

    Conditions Governing Use

    All requests for permission to publish or quote from manuscripts must be submitted in writing to the Manuscripts Librarian. Permission for publication is given on behalf of Special Collections as the owner of the physical items and is not intended to include or imply permission of the copyright holder, which must also be obtained.

    Scope and Content

    The collection is comprised of appraisal reports of properties considered for additions to or creation of new state beaches or parks or with respect to the Los Angeles County Master Shoreline Plan created in 1947. Reports contain market value estimates, physical and legal descriptions of properties, maps and photographs.

    Preferred Citation

    [Box/folder# or item name], California Historical Society collection of the California Department of Natural Resources' Los Angeles County Master Shoreline Plan records, Collection no. 0245.3, Regional History Collections, Special Collections, USC Libraries, University of Southern California


    The collection is on long-term loan from the California Historical Society.

    Historical Note

    Southern California, in particular the greater Santa Monica Bay area, has long been renowned for its year-round pleasant climate and recreational beaches. As far back as the end of the nineteenth century, residents and visitors were already discovering the pleasures of beach-going, including natural and man-made amusements, camping, fishing, picnicking, etc.
    After World War II, the population of greater Los Angeles boomed, fueled in part by the entertainment industry and--for the Santa Monica area especially--the aerospace industry. The promise of employment coupled with the sunny climate brought new home seekers to the west coast, where thousands of new homes and businesses were built to accommodate the burgeoning population. By the mid-1940s, the impact to lands along the coast led activist citizens and lawmakers to discuss and formulate a plan to preserve California's most valuable lands for future generations.
    According to T.H. Abell's A Shoreline Master Plan for Los Angeles (1946, published online in 2007 by the Journal of the American Institute of Planners), the ocean shoreline of Los Angeles County consisted of 65.4 miles, not including the Los Angeles Harbor frontage. 11.66 of those miles belonged to the City of Los Angeles, and 10.2 miles of the city were in Santa Monica Bay--part being north of the City of Santa Monica and part being on the south side.
    Since the late 1800s, residents and tourists had enjoyed the wide sandy beaches of the Santa Monica Bay, including the many piers and amusement zones created by Abbott Kinney and other enterprising developers. Gradually private development along the beaches--hotels, restaurants, homes, etc.--closed much of the beach to public access and use. In addition, off-shore structures and breakwaters had affected wave and current action, causing erosion to the point where shoreside buildings were undermined or destroyed. And though Santa Monica once boasted a thriving fishing industry, continuous development and increased population of the Los Angeles area contributed to a drastic decline in water quality as trash and sewage run-off ended up in the Santa Monica Bay. Though clean-water legislation and restoration projects improved the quality of the Bay's waters over the years, the Shoreline Master Plan for Los Angeles (1947) was one of the first formal attempts to address the issues confronting the area's shores and beaches.
    Back in the 1940s, so much of the beach properties were privately owned that the public was being relegated to smaller and smaller strips of it and would eventually be excluded from the beaches altogether. To prevent this from happening, Los Angeles City, Los Angeles County, and the State of California began acquiring parcels of beach frontage for public use. The three agencies worked together to develop shoreline master plans which became the basis for future development.
    The proposed plan was to transfer City and County beaches to State ownership, so that the State could then purchase adjacent frontage of equal value--and eventually the entire beach frontage would be State owned. The State would then lease the beaches to City, County, or other local governmental bodies to develop and administer.
    Some of the features of the Master Plan included:
    Continuous sandy beach, 250 feet wide
    Continuous boardwalk, connecting all parts
    Pedestrian underpasses to eliminate surface crossing of Scenic Drive
    Public bathhouses and concessions at frequent intervals along beach
    Picnic areas and play areas back of the boardwalk
    Fishing piers for public use
    Trailer and cabin parks for visitors' use
    Yacht harbor
    Bird sanctuary in marsh area south of Ballona Creek
    The survey that was conducted before the details of the Plan were created provided data that was essential in calculating the needs of the existing and anticipated population. They included statistics such as 75 sq. ft. sand area per person, 3.3 persons per car in parking lots, and 50 per cent of visitors in private automobiles, the rest using mass transit facilities.
    More detailed information on both the Los Angeles County Master Shoreline Plan and the Santa Monica Bay Shoreline Development Plans is available here:
    T. H. Abell (1946) A Shoreline Master Plan for Los Angeles, Journal of the American Institute of Planners, 12:3, 25-27, DOI: 10.1080/01944364608978593
    Johnson, A. (2010). SANTA MONICA BAY SHORELINE DEVELOPMENT PLANS. Coastal Engineering Proceedings, 1(1), 30. doi:10.9753/icce.v1.30

    Subjects and Indexing Terms

    California State Park Commission. -- Correspondence
    California. Department of Natural Resources. -- Archives
    Knowland, Joseph R., (Joseph Russell), 1873-1966 -- Correspondence
    Beaches--California, Southern--Maps
    Beaches--California--Santa Monica--History--Archival resources
    Environmental protection--California--Archival resources
    Los Angeles County (Calif.)--Maps
    Santa Monica Bay (Calif.)--History--Archival resources
    Santa Monica Bay (Calif.)--Maps
    Shorelines--California--Archival resources