Moses A. McCoid Papers: Finding Aid

Finding aid prepared by Brooke M. Black, November 10, 2010.
The Huntington Library, Art Collections, and Botanical Gardens
Manuscripts Department
1151 Oxford Road
San Marino, California 91108
Phone: (626) 405-2129
Email: reference@huntington.org
URL: http://www.huntington.org
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The Huntington Library. All rights reserved.


Overview of the Collection

Title: Moses A. McCoid Papers
Dates (inclusive): 1859-1884
Collection Number: mssHM 74211-74296
Creator: McCoid, M. A. (Moses Ayers), 1840-1904.
Extent: 107 items in 3 boxes
Repository: The Huntington Library, Art Collections, and Botanical Gardens. Manuscripts Department
1151 Oxford Road
San Marino, California 91108
Phone: (626) 405-2129
Email: reference@huntington.org
URL: http://www.huntington.org
Abstract: This collection contains letters chiefly written by Iowa lawyer, Civil War soldier (and later second lieutenant), and Iowa State Senator Moses A. McCoid (1840-1904), to his wife Helen, and dating from 1859 to 1884.
Language: English.

Access

Open to qualified researchers by prior application through the Reader Services Department. For more information, contact Reader Services.

Administrative Information

Publication Rights

The Huntington Library does not require that researchers request permission to quote from or publish images of this material, nor does it charge fees for such activities. The responsibility for identifying the copyright holder, if there is one, and obtaining necessary permissions rests with the researcher.

Preferred Citation

[Identification of item]. Moses A. McCoid Papers, The Huntington Library, San Marino, California.

Provenance

Gift of Hugh Evans, August 31, 2010.

Biographical Note

Moses Ayers McCoid was born to Robert McCoid and Jean Bain McCoid near Bellefontaine, Ohio, November 5, 1840. He attended Fairfield University, Iowa and Washington College (now Washington and Jefferson College) in Washington, Pennsylvania. He studied law in Fairfield, Iowa and was admitted to the bar in 1861 where he began practicing law. In May of 1861 he enlisted as a private in Company E, Second Regiment, Iowa Volunteer Infantry.(McCoid was later commissioned a second lieutenant). The regiment was organized at Keokuk and mustered in May 27, 1861. Until July 26, 1861, the men were guarding headquarters at St. Joseph, Mo. and later in the summer and early fall were posted at Bird Point, Ironton, Pilot Knob, and Jackson, Mo. and Fort Jefferson, Ky. In February 1862, the regiment took part in the investment and capture of Fort Donelson. It remained on duty there until it moved to Pittsburg Landing in early March. With his regiment, McCoid fought at Shiloh (April 6-7), advance and siege of Corinth, Miss.; the march to Iuka (September 18-22), battle of Corinth (October 3-4), Dodge's expedition to intercept Forest (Dec. 18, 1862 - Jan. 3, 1863) and expeditions to Hamburg (Jan. 26, 1863) and to Jacinto (Feb. 25-27.) Following Dodge's Expedition into Northern Alabama in April, the men were posted on duty at Corinth where they remained until August and then at LaGrange until November 1. On Nov. 1-11, they marched to Pulaski, Tenn. and remained on duty there along the Nashville & Decatur Railroad, and at Decatur until May 1864. While on furlough in September 1863, he married Helen Ireland in Jacksonville, Illinois. He was discharged in May 1864 and resumed the practice of law in Fairfield. In 1866 he became district attorney of the sixth judicial district of Iowa. In 1871, McCoid was elected to the Iowa State Senate; he served from 1872 to 1879. In 1878 he was elected as a Republican to the 46th, 47th and 48th congresses (1879 to 1885). In 1884 he was unsuccessful in his re-nomination for Congress and went back to practice law in Fairfield, Iowa where he died on May 19, 1904.

Scope and Content

The papers consist of 86 letters, the majority of which were written by Moses to his wife Helen. Three letters were written by Helen to Moses. The letters are organized chronologically.
The pre-Civil War letters were written between 1859 and 1861 when McCoid was in Fairfield, Iowa reading law with James F. Wilson. In these letters, Moses is wooing Helen. He reminds her of the time they met and talks about their future together despite her parents being against the match.
The Civil War letters cover the period of May 1861 to April 1864. These intensely emotional love letters are filled with the young man’s longing for his “dear Helen,” and his attachment to “our flag” and country. The letters discuss war news and politics, army life (rations, attending church services, conflicts with commanding officers, etc.) including a detailed account of the Battle of Shiloh and Moses’ take on the Emancipation Proclamation. He also talks about his regiment, the 2nd Iowa Infantry Regiment (1861-1864), courts-martial, the siege of Vicksburg, G. T. Beauregard, Braxton Bragg, Ambrose Burnside, Grenville Dodge, John Charles Frémont, H. W. Halleck, William Hardee, Joseph Hooker, Abraham Lincoln, John A. Logan, Gideon Pillow, Samuel Sturgis, Libby Prison and war prisoners, and slavery. One of the letters includes a hand-drawn map of the Battle of Shiloh with a list of casualties from Co. E. Many letters were written on ornate patriotic stationery, some with illustrated envelopes as well.
The post-war letters were written by McCoid when he was a member of the Iowa State Senate living in Des Moines and Washington, D. C. In these letters he talks about politics in Iowa and his dislike of being away from his wife and family.

Arrangement

Indexing Terms

The following terms have been used to index the description of this collection in the Huntington Library's Online Catalog.  

Subjects

Beauregard, G. T. (Gustave Toutant), 1818-1893.
Bragg, Braxton, 1817-1876.
Burnside, Ambrose Everett, 1824-1881.
Dodge, Grenville Mellen, 1831-1916.
Frémont, John Charles, 1813-1890.
Halleck, H. W. (Henry Wager), 1815-1872.
Hardee, William Joseph, 1815-1873.
Hooker, Joseph, 1814-1879.
Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865.
Logan, John Alexander, 1826-1886.
McCoid, M. A. (Moses Ayers), 1840-1904.
Pillow, Gideon Johnson, 1806-1878.
Sturgis, Samuel Davis, 1822-1889.
Libby Prison.
United States. Army. Iowa Infantry Regiment, 2nd (1861-1864)
United States. President (1861-1865 : Lincoln). Emancipation Proclamation.
Courts-martial and courts of inquiry -- United States -- Civil War, 1861-1865.
Politicians -- Iowa -- Correspondence.
Shiloh, Battle of, Tenn., 1862.
Slavery -- United States -- History -- Sources.
Des Moines (Iowa)
Fairfield (Iowa)
Iowa -- Politics and government -- 19th century -- Sources.
United States -- History -- Civil War, 1861-1865 -- Correspondence.
United States -- History -- Civil War, 1861-1865 -- Prisoners and prisons.
Vicksburg (Miss.) -- History -- Siege, 1863.
Washington (D.C.)

Forms/Genres

Letters (correspondence) -- United States -- 19th century.

Indexing: Subjects

Beauregard, G. T. (Gustave Toutant), 1818-1893.
  • Subject in letter (1862, Apr. 11) from M. A. (Moses Ayers) McCoid, 1840-1904 to Helen McCoid. HM 74232.
  • Subject in letter (1862, Aug. 21) from M. A. (Moses Ayers) McCoid, 1840-1904 to Helen McCoid. HM 74233.
Bragg, Braxton, 1817-1876.
  • Subject in letter (1862, Aug. 21) from M. A. (Moses Ayers) McCoid, 1840-1904 to Helen McCoid. HM 74233.
Burnside, Ambrose Everett, 1824-1881.
  • Subject in letter (1863, Jan. 4) from M. A. (Moses Ayers) McCoid, 1840-1904 to Helen McCoid. HM 74241.
Courts-martial and courts of inquiry - United States - Civil War, 1861-1865.
  • Subject in letter (1863, Mar. 29) from M. A. (Moses Ayers) McCoid, 1840-1904 to Helen McCoid. HM 74245.
  • Subject in letter (1863, Aug. 10) from M. A. (Moses Ayers) McCoid, 1840-1904 to Helen McCoid. HM 74253.
Dodge, Grenville Mellen, 1831-1916.
  • Subject in letter (1862, Dec. 4) from M. A. (Moses Ayers) McCoid, 1840-1904 to Helen McCoid. HM 74237.
  • Subject in letter (1863, May 13) from M. A. (Moses Ayers) McCoid, 1840-1904 to Helen McCoid. HM 74246.
Frémont, John Charles, 1813-1890.
  • Subject in letter (1861, Aug. 6) from M. A. (Moses Ayers) McCoid, 1840-1904 to Helen McCoid. HM 74222.
Halleck, H. W. (Henry Wager), 1815-1872.
  • Subject in letter (1862, Sep. 8-10) from M. A. (Moses Ayers) McCoid, 1840-1904 to Helen McCoid. HM 74234.
Hardee, William Joseph, 1815-1873.
  • Subject in letter (1861, Aug. 18) from M. A. (Moses Ayers) McCoid, 1840-1904 to Helen McCoid. HM 74223.
Hooker, Joseph, 1814-1879.
  • Subject in letter (1863, June 22) from M. A. (Moses Ayers) McCoid, 1840-1904 to Helen McCoid. HM 74249.
Libby Prison.
  • Subject in letter (1863, Dec. 7) from M. A. (Moses Ayers) McCoid, 1840-1904 to Helen McCoid. HM 74258.
Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865.
  • Subject in letter (1862, Dec. 4) from M. A. (Moses Ayers) McCoid, 1840-1904 to Helen McCoid. HM 74237.
  • Subject in letter (1863, Jan. 31) from M. A. (Moses Ayers) McCoid, 1840-1904 to Helen McCoid. HM 74242.
Logan, John Alexander, 1826-1886.
  • Subject in letter (1863, Aug. 8) from M. A. (Moses Ayers) McCoid, 1840-1904 to Helen McCoid. HM 74252.
Pillow, Gideon Johnson, 1806-1878.
  • Subject in letter (1861, Aug. 6) from M. A. (Moses Ayers) McCoid, 1840-1904 to Helen McCoid. HM 74222.
Shiloh, Battle of, Tenn., 1862.
  • Subject in letter (1862, Apr. 11) from M. A. (Moses Ayers) McCoid, 1840-1904 to Helen McCoid. HM 74232.
Slavery - United States - History - Sources.
  • Subject in letter (1863, Jan. 31) from M. A. (Moses Ayers) McCoid, 1840-1904 to Helen McCoid. HM 74242.
Sturgis, Samuel Davis, 1822-1889.
  • Subject in letter (1862, Jan. 1) from M. A. (Moses Ayers) McCoid, 1840-1904 to Helen McCoid. HM 74229.
United States - History - Civil War, 1861-1865 - Prisoners and prisons.
  • Subject in letter (1863, Dec. 7) from M. A. (Moses Ayers) McCoid, 1840-1904 to Helen McCoid. HM 74258.
United States. President (1861-1865 : Lincoln). Emancipation Proclamation.
  • Subject in letter (1863, Jan. 31) from M. A. (Moses Ayers) McCoid, 1840-1904 to Helen McCoid. HM 74242.
Vicksburg (Miss.) - History - Siege, 1863.
  • Subject in letter (1863, June 2) from M. A. (Moses Ayers) McCoid, 1840-1904 to Helen McCoid. HM 74247.
  • Subject in letter (1863, June 22) from M. A. (Moses Ayers) McCoid, 1840-1904 to Helen McCoid. HM 74249.

Collection Contents

 

Correspondence

Box 1

1859-[before 1863]

 

[1859, Nov. 29]. 1 letter from M. A. (Moses Ayers) McCoid, 1840-1904 to Helen McCoid. Incomplete. HM 74211

 

[1859, Dec. 5]. 1 letter from M. A. (Moses Ayers) McCoid, 1840-1904 to Helen McCoid. HM 74212

 

[1859]. 1 letter from M. A. (Moses Ayers) McCoid, 1840-1904 to Helen McCoid. With envelope. HM 74213

 

1860, Apr. 1. 1 letter from M. A. (Moses Ayers) McCoid, 1840-1904 to Helen McCoid. HM 74215

 

1860, Apr. 22. 1 letter from M. A. (Moses Ayers) McCoid, 1840-1904 to Helen McCoid. HM 74216

 

[1860]. 1 letter from M. A. (Moses Ayers) McCoid, 1840-1904 to Helen McCoid. HM 74217.

 

[1860]. 1 letter from M. A. (Moses Ayers) McCoid, 1840-1904 to Helen McCoid. With envelope. HM 74218

 

[1860]. 1 letter from M. A. (Moses Ayers) McCoid, 1840-1904 to Helen McCoid. HM 74219.

 

[1861], Jan. 1 letter from M. A. (Moses Ayers) McCoid, 1840-1904 to Helen McCoid. Incomplete. Missing beginning of letter. HM 74214

 

1861, May 27. 1 letter from M. A. (Moses Ayers) McCoid, 1840-1904 to Helen McCoid. With envelope. HM 74220

 

1861, July 17. 1 letter from M. A. (Moses Ayers) McCoid, 1840-1904 to Helen McCoid. HM 74221

 

1861, Aug. 6. 1 letter from M. A. (Moses Ayers) McCoid, 1840-1904 to Helen McCoid. Letter is ripped. Loss of text. HM 74222

 

1861, Aug. 18. 1 letter from M. A. (Moses Ayers) McCoid, 1840-1904 to Helen McCoid. HM 74223

 

1861, Sep. 26. 1 letter from M. A. (Moses Ayers) McCoid, 1840-1904 to Helen McCoid. With envelope. HM 74224

 

1861, Oct. 20. 1 letter from M. A. (Moses Ayers) McCoid, 1840-1904 to Helen McCoid. Incomplete. HM 74225

 

1861, Nov. 18. 1 letter from M. A. (Moses Ayers) McCoid, 1840-1904 to Helen McCoid. HM 74226

 

1861, Nov. 28. 1 letter from Helen McCoid to M. A. (Moses Ayers) McCoid, 1840-1904. With envelope. HM 74227

 

[1861]. 1 letter from M. A. (Moses Ayers) McCoid, 1840-1904 to Helen McCoid. Incomplete. Missing beginning of letter. HM 74228

 

1862, Jan. 1. 1 letter from M. A. (Moses Ayers) McCoid, 1840-1904 to Helen McCoid. Incomplete. HM 74229

 

1862, Jan. 28. 1 letter from M. A. (Moses Ayers) McCoid, 1840-1904 to Helen McCoid. HM 74230

 

1862, Feb. 12. 1 letter from M. A. (Moses Ayers) McCoid, 1840-1904 to Helen McCoid. In fragile condition; Torn; loss of text. HM 74231

 

1862, Apr. 11. 1 letter from M. A. (Moses Ayers) McCoid, 1840-1904 to Helen McCoid. Includes hand-drawn map of Battle of Shiloh and list of casualties (on verso). HM 74232

 

1862, Aug. 21. 1 letter from M. A. (Moses Ayers) McCoid, 1840-1904 to Helen McCoid. HM 74233

 

1862, Sep. 8-10. 1 letter from M. A. (Moses Ayers) McCoid, 1840-1904 to Helen McCoid. HM 74234

 

1862, Sep. 22. 1 letter from M. A. (Moses Ayers) McCoid, 1840-1904 to Helen McCoid. HM 74235

 

1862, Sep. 29. 1 letter from M. A. (Moses Ayers) McCoid, 1840-1904 to Helen McCoid. Incomplete? With envelope. HM 74236

 

1862, Dec. 4. 1 letter from M. A. (Moses Ayers) McCoid, 1840-1904 to Helen McCoid. Incomplete? HM 74237

 

1862, Dec. 20. 1 letter from Helen McCoid to M. A. (Moses Ayers) McCoid, 1840-1904. HM 74238

 

[before 1863]. 1 letter from M. A. (Moses Ayers) McCoid, 1840-1904 to Helen McCoid. Incomplete. Fragment. HM 74239

 

[before 1863]. 1 letter from M. A. (Moses Ayers) McCoid, 1840-1904 to Helen McCoid. Incomplete. Missing beginning of letter. HM 74240

Box 2

1863-1872

 

1863, Jan. 4. 1 letter from M. A. (Moses Ayers) McCoid, 1840-1904 to Helen McCoid. With envelope. HM 74241

 

1863, Jan. 31. 1 letter from M. A. (Moses Ayers) McCoid, 1840-1904 to Helen McCoid. Incomplete. Fragile condition; torn. HM 74242

 

1863, Feb. 28. 1 letter from M. A. (Moses Ayers) McCoid, 1840-1904 to Helen McCoid. Incomplete. HM 74243

 

1863, Mar. 7-8. 1 letter from M. A. (Moses Ayers) McCoid, 1840-1904 to Helen McCoid. HM 74244

 

1863, Mar. 29. 1 letter from M. A. (Moses Ayers) McCoid, 1840-1904 to Helen McCoid. HM 74245

 

1863, May 13. 1 letter from M. A. (Moses Ayers) McCoid, 1840-1904 to Helen McCoid. HM 74246

 

1863, June 2. 1 letter from M. A. (Moses Ayers) McCoid, 1840-1904 to Helen McCoid. With envelope. HM 74247

 

1863, June 15. 1 letter from M. A. (Moses Ayers) McCoid, 1840-1904 to Helen McCoid. Incomplete. HM 74248

 

1863, June 22. 1 letter from M. A. (Moses Ayers) McCoid, 1840-1904 to Helen McCoid. HM 74249

 

1863, June 30. 1 letter from M. A. (Moses Ayers) McCoid, 1840-1904 to Helen McCoid. HM 74250

 

1863, July 20. 1 letter from M. A. (Moses Ayers) McCoid, 1840-1904 to Helen McCoid. Incomplete. HM 74251

 

1863, Aug. 8. 1 letter from M. A. (Moses Ayers) McCoid, 1840-1904 to Helen McCoid. HM 74252

 

1863, Aug. 10. 1 letter from M. A. (Moses Ayers) McCoid, 1840-1904 to Helen McCoid. HM 74253

 

1863, Sep. 25. 1 letter from M. A. (Moses Ayers) McCoid, 1840-1904 to Helen McCoid. HM 74254

 

1863, Oct. 27. 1 letter from M. A. (Moses Ayers) McCoid, 1840-1904 to Helen McCoid. HM 74255

 

1863, Nov. 3. . 1 letter from M. A. (Moses Ayers) McCoid, 1840-1904 to Helen McCoid. With envelope. HM 74256

 

1863, Nov. 29. 1 letter from M. A. (Moses Ayers) McCoid, 1840-1904 to Helen McCoid. HM 74257

 

1863, Dec. 7. 1 letter from M. A. (Moses Ayers) McCoid, 1840-1904 to Helen McCoid. HM 74258

 

1863, Dec. 11. 1 letter from M. A. (Moses Ayers) McCoid, 1840-1904 to Helen McCoid. HM 74259

 

1863, Dec. 17-18. 1 letter from M. A. (Moses Ayers) McCoid, 1840-1904 to Helen McCoid. HM 74260

 

[1863]. 1 letter from M. A. (Moses Ayers) McCoid, 1840-1904 to Helen McCoid. Incomplete. Fragment. HM 74261

 

[1863]. 1 letter from M. A. (Moses Ayers) McCoid, 1840-1904 to Helen McCoid. Incomplete. Missing beginning of letter. HM 74262

 

1864, Feb. 9. 1 letter from M. A. (Moses Ayers) McCoid, 1840-1904 to Helen McCoid. HM 74263

 

1864, Feb. 11. 1 letter from Helen McCoid to M. A. (Moses Ayers) McCoid, 1840-1904. With envelope. HM 74264

 

1864, Feb. 29. 1 letter from M. A. (Moses Ayers) McCoid, 1840-1904 to Helen McCoid, HM 74265

 

1864, Mar. 14. 1 letter from M. A. (Moses Ayers) McCoid, 1840-1904 to Helen McCoid. HM 74266

 

1864, Mar. 17. 1 letter from M. A. (Moses Ayers) McCoid, 1840-1904 to Helen McCoid. HM 74267

 

1864, Mar. 31. 1 letter from M. A. (Moses Ayers) McCoid, 1840-1904 to Helen McCoid. HM 74268

 

1864, Apr. 9. 1 letter from M. A. (Moses Ayers) McCoid, 1840-1904 to Helen McCoid. HM 74269

 

1864, Apr. 29. 1 letter from Helen McCoid to M. A. (Moses Ayers) McCoid, 1840-1904. HM 74270

 

1871, Apr. 16. 1 letter from M. A. (Moses Ayers) McCoid, 1840-1904 to Helen McCoid. HM 74271

 

1872, Jan. 26. 1 letter from M. A. (Moses Ayers) McCoid, 1840-1904 to Helen McCoid. HM 74272

 

[1872], Mar. 14. letter from M. A. (Moses Ayers) McCoid, 1840-1904 to Helen McCoid. HM 74273

 

1872, Mar. 23. 1 letter from M. A. (Moses Ayers) McCoid, 1840-1904 to Helen McCoid. With envelope. HM 74274

 

1872, Mar. 26. 1 letter from M. A. (Moses Ayers) McCoid, 1840-1904 to Helen McCoid. HM 74275

Box 3

1873-1884, undated and empty envelopes

 

[1873], Jan. 25. 1 letter from M. A. (Moses Ayers) McCoid, 1840-1904 to Helen McCoid. Incomplete. HM 74276

 

[1873], Jan. 26. 1 letter from M. A. (Moses Ayers) McCoid, 1840-1904 to Helen McCoid. HM 74277

 

1873, Feb. 1. 1 letter from M. A. (Moses Ayers) McCoid, 1840-1904 to Helen McCoid. With envelope. HM 74278

 

1873, Feb. 13. 1 letter from M. A. (Moses Ayers) McCoid, 1840-1904 to Helen McCoid. With envelope. HM 74279

 

1875, May 3. 1 letter from M. A. (Moses Ayers) McCoid, 1840-1904 to Helen McCoid. HM 74280

 

1876, July 2. 1 letter from M. A. (Moses Ayers) McCoid, 1840-1904 to Helen McCoid. Incomplete. With envelope. HM 74281

 

[1877], Jan. 31. 1 letter from M. A. (Moses Ayers) McCoid, 1840-1904 to Helen McCoid. Incomplete. HM 74282

 

[1877], Mar. 3. 1 letter from M. A. (Moses Ayers) McCoid, 1840-1904 to Helen McCoid. With envelope. HM 74283

 

1878, Feb. 25. 1 letter from M. A. (Moses Ayers) McCoid, 1840-1904 to Helen McCoid. Fragile condition. Paper is tearing. HM 74284

 

1879, Dec. 14. 1 letter from M. A. (Moses Ayers) McCoid, 1840-1904 to Helen McCoid. With envelope. HM 74285

 

1880, Feb. 10. 1 letter from M. A. (Moses Ayers) McCoid, 1840-1904 to ----- Permelia. HM 74286

 

1880, Feb. 16. 1 letter from M. A. (Moses Ayers) McCoid, 1840-1904 to Helen McCoid. With receipt and envelope. HM 74287

 

1880, Mar. 26. 1 letter from M. A. (Moses Ayers) McCoid, 1840-1904 to Helen McCoid. With envelope. HM 74288

 

1880, Apr. 12. 1 letter from M. A. (Moses Ayers) McCoid, 1840-1904 to Helen McCoid. HM 74289

 

1880, May 20. 1 letter from M. A. (Moses Ayers) McCoid, 1840-1904 to Helen McCoid. With envelope. HM 74290

 

1880, May 22. 1 letter from M. A. (Moses Ayers) McCoid, 1840-1904 to Helen McCoid. With envelope. HM 74291

 

1880, July 9. 1 letter from M. A. (Moses Ayers) McCoid, 1840-1904 to Helen McCoid. With envelope. HM 74292

 

1884, May 27. 1 letter from M. A. (Moses Ayers) McCoid, 1840-1904 to Helen McCoid. With envelope. HM 74293

 

1884, June 18. 1 letter from M. A. (Moses Ayers) McCoid, 1840-1904 to Helen McCoid. With envelope. HM 74294

 

[undated]. 1 letter from M. A. (Moses Ayers) McCoid, 1840-1904 to Helen McCoid. HM 74295

 

[undated]. 1 letter from M. A. (Moses Ayers) McCoid, 1840-1904 to Helen McCoid. HM 74296

 

Empty envelopes (1860-1884). 19 items.