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Murray E. Jarvik papers, 1923-2008
BIOMED.1102  
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Collection Details
 
Table of contents What's This?
  • Restrictions on Access
  • Restrictions on Use and Reproduction
  • Processing Note
  • Preferred Citation
  • Biography/History
  • Scope and Content
  • Organization and Arrangement
  • Related Material
  • UCLA Catalog Record ID

  • Title: Murray E. Jarvik papers
    Collection number: BIOMED.1102
    Contributing Institution: UCLA Library Special Collections
    Language of Material: English
    Physical Description: 60.0 linear ft. (61 boxes)
    Date (inclusive): 1923-2008
    Abstract: Murray E. Jarvik (June 1, 1923 - May 8, 2008) was a professor of psychiatry and pharmacology at the Albert Einstein College of Medicine and the University of California, Los Angeles. His research interests included effects of drugs on learning and retention, the neurophysiological basis of learning, drug effects in the central nervous system, psychopharmacology, primate behavior, smoking behavior and addiction. He is best known for recognizing nicotine as the addictive factor in cigarette smoking and being a co-inventor of the nicotine patch. Jarvik was also passionate about the possibility of legalizing illicit narcotics. Half of the collection contains research studies, including protocols, data and grant applications. The other half of the collection contains nicotine patch legal documentation, correspondence, materials in relation to professional organizations, several talks and lectures, and reference materials.
    Physical location: COLLECTION STORED OFF-SITE AT SRLF: Open for research. All materials are stored off site and require advance notice for use. Please contact History and Special Collections for the Sciences, UCLA Louise M. Darling Biomedical Library, 310.825.6940, to arrange for use.
    Creator: Jarvik, Murray E.

    Restrictions on Access

    COLLECTION STORED OFF-SITE AT SRLF: Open for research. All materials are stored off site and require advance notice for use. Please contact History and Special Collections for the Sciences, UCLA Louise M. Darling Biomedical Library, 310.825.6940, to arrange for use.

    Restrictions on Use and Reproduction

    Property rights to the physical object belong to the UC Regents. Literary rights, including copyright, are retained by the creators and their heirs. It is the responsibility of the researcher to determine who holds the copyright and pursue the copyright owner or his or her heir for permission to publish where The UC Regents do not hold the copyright.

    Processing Note

    Processed by Daniella Perry in the Center for Primary Research and Training (CFPRT), with assistance from Kelley Wolfe Bachli and in consultation with curator Russell Johnson, October 2011.

    Preferred Citation

    [Identification of item], Murray E. Jarvik papers (Collection BIOMED.1102). Louise M. Darling Biomedical Library History and Special Collections for the Sciences, University of California, Los Angeles.

    Biography/History

    Murray E. Jarvik (June 1, 1923 - May 8, 2008) was a professor of psychiatry and pharmacology at the Albert Einstein College of Medicine and the University of California, Los Angeles. He received his BS from the City College of New York (1944), an MA from UCLA (1945), his MD from UCSF (1951), and his PhD from UC Berkeley (1952). He held numerous teaching and research assignments in psychology and psychopharmacology from 1944 to 2000, with the bulk of his career taking part at UCLA Department of Psychology concurrently with the VA offices in Brentwood, Los Angeles. He was a member of various professional organizations including: American Academy of Neurology, American Association of the Advancement of Science, American College of Neuropsychopharmacology, American Psychological Association (President of Division 28, psychopharmacology), American Psychopathological Association, and others.
    Jarvik is best known for recognizing nicotine as the addictive factor in cigarette smoking and being a co-inventor of the nicotine patch, the highest income-producing property of the UC Regents intellectual property portfolio for several years. Yet Jarvik's research legacy is vast. He initiated work on LSD, memory and learning in aging humans, psychopharmacology, the role of nicotine in smoking, and the effect of psychoactive drugs on cognitive functioning. Jarvik began with animal studies in the 1950s, looking at the effects of psychoactive drugs on primate behavior. His early research was focused on evaluating the usefulness of behavioral science techniques for measuring changes in cognitive and social behavior induced by psychoactive drugs. He sought the collaboration with others interested in nicotine and advocated for a synchronized computer system to share data.
    In the 1970s, Jarvik became increasingly interested in drug abuse, addiction and the effects of nicotine. Subjects for the study were taken from the Brentwood VA Hospital in Los Angeles, thereby giving Jarvik sample populations in both addiction and aging. He became a specialist in addiction and addictive behavior and sought to understand the neuro-chemical underpinnings of cognitive dysfunction. He developed techniques for measuring aspects of reinforcement with questionnaires and instrumentation; as well as techniques for measuring anxiety, arousal, attention, aggression and appetite which are affected by smoking.
    Jarvik served as a consultant for mental health institutes and centers, journal magazines, and was passionate about national drug policy and the possibility of legalizing illicit narcotics. Jarvik lead meetings and conferences panels this controversial topic for over 20 years. Jarvik created permanent facilities to continue research in these areas. He had funding from the United States Department of Health, the National Institute of Child Health and Development, the Veteran's Administration Central Office, the American Cancer Society, the National Institutes of Health, and other agencies. By the end of his career, he published nearly 300 articles, editorials and book chapters.

    Scope and Content

    The first half of the collection contains research studies files which include study protocols, study data and study correspondence. There are numerous grant applications in the collection which further elaborate on the scope and relevance of each research study. This part of the collection is restricted, as study participant information is contained in the data files. The collection also contains several files regarding the nicotine patch invention and relevant legal documentation. This is also restricted. The other half of the collection contains correspondence files, documentation relating to various professional organizations, and reference materials. Reference materials refer to both journal articles written by Jarvik and reprint articles by other researchers.
    Biographical information, for which there is little, can be found in the first few folders of Box 1, and in a few correspondence files in Boxes 50 and 51. The collection contains roughly half of the articles written by Jarvik, arranged in chronological order by decade. There is a CV located in the first folder of Box 56 that contains a partial list of numbered published articles. Of note in the collection are the extensive and emphatic materials devoted to drug legalization, including essays delivered at conferences and correspondence to high-ranking congressional committees and economists, including Milton Friedman. The last two boxes of the collection contain four instructional, audiovisual reference materials (film strip and vinyl record) from 1970 regarding different classes of drugs.

    Organization and Arrangement

    Arranged in the following series:
    1. Biographical
    2. Research Studies
    3. Grants, Proposals, and Protocols
    4. Nicotine Patch and Patent Documents
    5. Correspondence
    6. Professional Organizations and Conferences
    7. Talks and Lectures
    8. Reference Materials

    Related Material

    UCLA Catalog Record ID

    UCLA Catalog Record ID: 6380853 

    Subjects and Indexing Terms

    Jarvik, Murray E.---Archives.