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Guide to the Gilbert G. Benjamin, Jr. Subversive Activities Collection, 1918-1975
URB/GGB  
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Collection Details
 
Table of contents What's This?
  • Overview of the Collection
  • Biographical Information:
  • Access Terms
  • Administrative Information
  • Arrangement of Materials:
  • Scope and Contents

  • Overview of the Collection

    Collection Title: Gilbert G. Benjamin, Jr. Subversive Activities Collection
    Dates: 1918-1975
    Identification: URB/GGB
    Creator: Benjamin, Gilbert G., Jr., 1918-
    Physical Description: 8.50 linear feet
    Language of Materials: English
    Repository: Urban Archives
    Abstract: Gilbert G. Benjamin, Jr. became a Special Agent in the Federal Bureau of Investigation in 1946, after serving in the US Navy during the Second World War. He worked in Virginia and the District of Columbia before being transferred to the Los Angeles Field Office in 1957. The collection documents "subversive" and "communist" activities in the United States through printed reports, statements, and testimony before the House Committee on Internal Security (formerly the House Un-American Activities Committee), as well as the Senate Committee on the Judiciary's Sub-Committee to Investigate the Administration of the Internal Security Act and Other Internal Security Laws.
    Note:
    Processing staff for this collection were supported by a generous gift from the J. Paul Getty Trust.

    Biographical Information:

    Mr. Gilbert G. Benjamin was born in Iowa City, Iowa on 17 October 1918. His family moved to Los Angeles in 1926, when his father became a member of the History Department at the University of Southern California (USC). Gilbert Benjamin attended 24th Street Elementary School, Mt. Vernon Junior High and Los Angeles High School. Upon completion of his secondary education he entered the University of Southern California.
    After graduating from USC, he became employed by Lockheed Aircraft Corporation as an investigator in their Personnel Department. During World War II, Mr. Benjamin served in the United States Navy from 1944 until the end of the war. After returning from military service, Mr. Benjamin applied to the Federal Bureau of Investigation, and became a Special Agent in 1946. Between 1946 and 1956 he served in Virginia and the District of Columbia. During his tour in the District of Columbia office, he was assigned duties in the Domestic Intelligence Division.
    In 1957, Mr. Benjamin was transferred to the Los Angeles field office. The majority of his service while in Los Angeles was in the area of Domestic Intelligence. The material on subversive activities contained in the Gilbert G. Benjamin Collection was collected while on duty in Los Angeles “either by personal contact or through informants.” The McCarthy Hearings material and related HUAC printed government documents were mailed to Mr. Benjamin periodically by associates in the FBI during the time of the hearings.

    Access Terms

    This Collection is indexed under the following controlled access subject terms.

    Genre/Form of Material:

    Paper records
    Publications

    Personal Name:

    Benjamin, Gilbert G.

    Topical Term:

    Communism -- California
    Communism -- California -- Los Angeles
    New Left
    Riots -- United States
    Student movements
    Vietnam War, 1961-1975

    Administrative Information

    Processing Information:

    Robert G. Marshall, Carol Gallegos, and Jackie Rojas, August 1995

    Conditions Governing Use:

    Copyright for unpublished materials authored or otherwise produced by the creator(s) of this collection has not been transferred to California State University, Northridge. Copyright status for other materials is unknown. Transmission or reproduction of materials protected by U.S. Copyright Law (Title 17, U.S.C.) beyond that allowed by fair use requires the written permission of the copyright owners. Works not in the public domain cannot be commercially exploited without permission of the copyright owners. Responsibility for any use rests exclusively with the user.

    Conditions Governing Access:

    The collection is open for research use.

    Preferred Citation:

    For information about citing items in this collection consult the appropriate style manual, or see the Citing Archival Materials  guide.

    Arrangement of Materials:

    Series I: Subversive Activities – California Legislature, 1943-1975
    Series II: Subversive Activities – Federal Government Investigations, 1947-1974
        Subseries A: House Un-American Activities Committee (HUAC), 1946-1967
            Subseries 1: California, 1951-1963
            Subseries 2: United States, 1946-1967
        Subseries B: House Committee on Internal Security, 1970-1974
        Subseries C: Senate Committee on the Judiciary, Subcommittee to Investigate the Administration of the Internal Security Act and Other Internal Security Laws, 1951-1975
        Subseries D: Senate Committee on Labor & Public Welfare, 1951
        Subseries E: Congressional Record, 1947-1965
        Subseries F: Federal Bureau of Investigation, 1960-1968
    Series III: Political and Social Movements, 1918-1973

    Scope and Contents

    This collection documents "subversive" and "communist" activities in the United States through printed reports, statements, and testimony before the House Committee on Internal Security (formerly the House Un-American Activities Committee), as well as the Senate Committee on the Judiciary's Sub-committee to Investigate the Administration of the Internal Security Act and Other Internal Security Laws. Also included are Congressional Record statements made by Senator Thomas J. Dodd on the Vietnam War, and reports and statements given by J. Edgar Hoover, Director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation to the House Un-American Activities Committee. The collection has been arranged into three series: Subversive Activities – California Legislature (1943-1975), Subversive Activities – Federal Government Investigations (1947-1974), and Political and Social Movements Literature (1918-1973).
    Series I, Subversive Activities – California, consists of materials documenting communist activities, criminal justice and related "subversive" activities in California written by the Assembly Committee on Criminal Justice, Assembly Interim Committee on Elections and Reappointment, Joint Fact-Finding Committee on Un-American Activities and the Senate Fact-Finding Committee on Un-American Activities. The reports are arranged by committee and chronologically therein.
    Series II, Subversive Activities – Federal Government, consists of documentation of various topics such as the Black Panther Party, college and university civil disorder, Senator Thomas J. Dodd, Emergency Civil Liberties Committee, J. Edgar Hoover, National Lawyers Guild, "New Left" movements, Linus Pauling, riots, Ethel and Julius Rosenberg, Soviet propaganda, student/youth movements, and Vietnam. This series has been divided into six subseries: Subseries A, House Un-American Activities Committee (HUAC) (1946-1967), consists of documentation from the state of California and the Federal Government and is arranged alphabetically. Subseries B, House Committee on Internal Security (1970-1974), consists of documentation of subversive activities after the scope of investigations moved into areas beyond the traditional focus on communism. The documents are arranged alphabetically. Subseries C, Senate Committee on the Judiciary, Subcommittee to Investigate the Administration of the Internal Security Act and Other Internal Security Laws (1951-1975), consists of documentation of investigations and hearings before this senate body. The material is arranged alphabetically. Subseries D, Senate Committee on Labor & Public Welfare (1951), contains one report on communist domination of labor unions. Subseries E, Congressional Record (1947-1965), consists of several speeches of Senator Thomas Dodd on the Nuclear Test Ban Treaty and the Vietnam War. Speeches are arranged alphabetically. Subseries F, Federal Bureau of Investigation (1960-1968), consists of agent field notes giving background history of communist activities in the United States as well as reports, statements and testimony by FBI Director J. Edgar Hoover.
    Series III, Political and Social movements – Literature, contains booklets, flyers, pamphlets, political postcards and related printed items documenting the political ideologies and activities of a large variety of home grown progressive and right wing organizations. The items were collected by Mr. Benjamin both in the line of duty and as a personal collection of memorabilia. Groups represented include: the American Civil Liberties Union, Citizens Committee to Preserve American Freedoms, Communist Party of California, Constitutional Educational League, Inc., Industrial Workers of the World (I.W.W.), Labor Research Association, The Trade Union Unity League and Young Communist League, and others. Examples of Mr. Benjamin's interests include material on the Industrial Workers of the World (I.W.W.) "New Left" Movements, Julius and Ethel Rosenberg, Student/ Youth Movements, Trade Union Unity League and the Young Communist League. The files are arranged alphabetically by name of organization if known, or by author and publisher.