Jump to Content

Collection Guide
Collection Title:
Collection Number:
Get Items:
View entire collection guide What's This?
Search this collection
Collection Details
Table of contents What's This?
  • Conditions Governing Access
  • Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements
  • Conditions Governing Use
  • Preferred Citation
  • Provenance/Source of Acquisition
  • Processing Information
  • UCLA Catalog Record ID
  • Biography/History
  • Scope and Content
  • Organization and Arrangement

  • Contributing Institution: UCLA Library Special Collections
    Title: Zoia Horn papers
    Source: Marrion, Catherine
    Creator: Horn, Zoia
    Identifier/Call Number: LSC.2262
    Physical Description: 27.8 Linear Feet (56 document boxes, 8 shoeboxes, 2 cartons, 2 flat storage boxes, 1 oversize flat storage box)
    Date (inclusive): 1934-2014
    Date (bulk): 1935-2005
    Abstract: This collection documents the activities, writings, and political opinions of Zoia Horn. Horn was a California-based librarian, administrator, and activist. She is best known for refusing to testify in the 1972 Harrisburg Seven trial, becoming the first librarian to be jailed for refusing to divulge information. Horn was also an outspoken opponent of censorship, government overreach, and discrimination. This collection spans from 1918 to 2014, and chronicles Horn's time in California, Pennsylvania, and New Jersey, and her work in the American Library Association.
    Physical Location: Stored off-site. All requests to access special collections material must be made in advance using the request button located on this page.
    Language of Material: Materials are primarily in English; some materials in Japanese and Russian.

    Conditions Governing Access

    Open for research. All requests to access special collections materials must be made in advance using the request button located on this page.

    Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

    CONTAINS AUDIOVISUAL MATERIALS: This collection contains both processed and unprocessed audiovisual materials. For information about the access status of the material that you are looking for, refer to the Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements note at the series and file levels. All requests to access processed audiovisual materials must be made in advance using the request button located on this page.

    Conditions Governing Use

    Property rights to the physical objects belong to UCLA Library Special Collections. All other rights, including copyright, are retained by the creators and their heirs. It is the responsibility of the researcher to determine who holds the copyright and pursue the copyright owner or his or her heir for permission to publish where The UC Regents do not hold the copyright.

    Preferred Citation

    [Identification of item], Zoia Horn papers (Collection 2262). UCLA Library Special Collections, Charles E. Young Research Library, University of California, Los Angeles.

    Provenance/Source of Acquisition

    Gift of Catherine Marion, 2014.

    Processing Information

    Collections are processed to a variety of levels depending on the work necessary to make them usable, their perceived user interest and research value, availability of staff and resources, and competing priorities. Library Special Collections provides a standard level of preservation and access for all collections and, when time and resources permit, conducts more intensive processing. These materials have been arranged and described according to national and local standards and best practices.
    Processed by Melanie Jones in the Center for Primary Research and Training (CFPRT)   with supervision from Courtney Dean, 2016.

    UCLA Catalog Record ID

    UCLA Catalog Record ID: 7794668 


    Zoia Markova Polisar was born in Odessa, Ukraine on March 14, 1918 to a secular Jewish family. In 1926, her family immigrated to New York City. She attended Brooklyn College and the Pratt Institute School of Information and Library Science, first working in a library in 1942. She married Milton (Tony) Horn and had two children, Patricia and Catherine.
    After leaving her first husband, Horn began working at the UCLA Library in 1965, where she became a tax-withholding opponent of the Vietnam War. In 1968, she was hired as Head of the Reference Department at Bucknell University in Lewisburg, Pennsylvania. In 1971, she moved back to California to work at the Modesto Public Library and married Dean Galloway, Director of Library Services at Stanislaus State College in Turlock, California.
    In 1972, Horn was issued a grand jury subpoena to testify for the prosecution in the "Harrisburg Seven" conspiracy trial against Philip Berrigan back in Pennsylvania. Horn refused, arguing it would violate her professional principles of individual privacy and intellectual freedom. She served 20 days in the Dauphin County Jail in Harrisburg, Pennsylvania. The American Library Association Executive Board refused to publicly support Horn's stand. It reversed its stance after the conspiracy trial fell apart. In 1974, Horn was elected to the ALA Council, and appointed to the ALA Intellectual Freedom Committee in 1977. She continued to work as an administrator at organizations like Right to Know and the National Committee Against Repressive Legislation, but never secured a job as a full-time librarian again.
    After her release, Horn continued her campaign against censorship and government overreach. She was outspoken in her opposition to South Africa's apartheid and the racist ALA-produced film The Speaker (1977). She also protested the Patriot Act, particularly its sections on library surveillance. In 1991, she was awarded the James Madison Freedom of Information Award by the Society of Professional Journalists. In 1995, she published Zoia! Memoirs of Zoia Horn, Battler for People's Right to Know. In 2002, she was awarded the Robert B. Downs Intellectual Freedom Award and the Jackie Eubanks Memorial Award. In 2012, she was inducted into the California Library Hall of Fame.
    Zoia Horn died on July 12, 2014 at her home in Oakland, CA at age 96. Since 2004, the Intellectual Freedom Committee of the California Library Association has awarded the Zoia Horn Intellectual Freedom Award each year, to honor "Californian people, groups, and organizations that have made significant contributions to intellectual freedom in California."

    Scope and Content

    This collection documents the activities, writings, and political opinions of Zoia Horn, a California-based librarian, administrator, and activist. She is best known for refusing to testify in the 1972 Harrisburg Seven trial, becoming the first librarian to be jailed for refusing to divulge information that violated her belief in intellectual freedom. The collection spans from 1918 to 2014, with the bulk of materials coming from 1935 to 2005. In addition to professional materials, including correspondence, press clippings, Horn's FBI file (obtained under the Freedom of Information Act), and unpublished manuscripts, the collection contains a large quantity of personal material, including letters to and from Horn, reflections on her time in jail, and interview recordings.
    Some of the significant organizations and topics represented in these files are: the American Library Association; the Intellectual Freedom Committee; the California Library Association; the Coalition on Government Information; censorship; government overreach and surveillance; privacy rights; racism and sexism; and antiwar activism. The collection documents Horn's political radicalism; her time in jail; and her continued advocacy for marginalized groups in the US; as well as her opinions on education and democracy in America, her satirical wit, and her warm bond with family, colleagues, and friends.
    Materials are largely textual, comprising correspondence, newspaper clippings publications, and related printed matter. Among other formats are photographs, negative, video cassettes, audio cassettes, microfilm, and ephemera.

    Organization and Arrangement

    This collection has been arranged in the following series:
    • Series 1: Professional Records (1960-2005)
    • Series 2: Research and Writings (1960-2014)
    • Series 3: Personal Correspondence (1934-2014)
    • Series 4: Biographical Information (1943-2014)
    • Series 5: Books (1940-2013)
    • Series 6: Photographs and Media (1960-2014)
    The collection's series have been kept in their original order following Zoia Horn's preliminary arrangement, and are organized by name or subject.

    Subjects and Indexing Terms

    Marrion, Catherine