Ward Hill Lamon Papers: Finding Aid

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San Marino, California 91108
Phone: (626) 405-2129
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Overview of the Collection

Title: Ward Hill Lamon Papers
Dates (inclusive): 1848-1894
Bulk dates: 1861-1879
Collection Number: mssLN 1-2470
Creator: Lamon, Ward Hill, 1828-1893.
Extent: 2490 pieces in 32 boxes, 1 oversize box, 4 bound volumes.
Repository: The Huntington Library, Art Collections, and Botanical Gardens. Manuscripts Department
1151 Oxford Road
San Marino, California 91108
Phone: (626) 405-2129
Email: reference@huntington.org
URL: http://www.huntington.org
Abstract: This collection contains the personal and professional papers of attorney and United States Marshal of the District of Columbia Ward Hill Lamon (1818-1891), a close friend and a biographer of Abraham Lincoln. The collection includes source materials for Lamon's biography of Lincoln and papers covering Lamon's own life and career, including numerous letters addressed to Lamon seeking Lincoln's patronage and papers related to Lamon's activities during the Civil War.
Language: English.

Access

Open to qualified researchers by prior application through the Reader Services Department. For more information, contact Reader Services.

Administrative Information

Publication Rights

The Huntington Library does not require that researchers request permission to quote from or publish images of this material, nor does it charge fees for such activities. The responsibility for identifying the copyright holder, if there is one, and obtaining necessary permissions rests with the researcher.

Preferred Citation

[Identification of item]. Ward Hill Lamon Papers, The Huntington Library, San Marino, California.

Custodial History

The papers were purchased in 1912 by George D. Smith from Ward H. Lamon's daughter Dorothy (Lamon) Teillard.

Provenance

Purchased by Henry Huntington from George D. Smith, January, 1914.

Biographical Note

Ward Hill Lamon (1827-1893), law partner and friend of Abraham Lincoln, was born near Winchester, Virginia, and brought up on a farm in Berkeley County, now West Virginia.
Lamon's association with Lincoln began in 1852, in Danville, Illinois, and continued there for five years. Then he moved to Bloomington where he became very active in the newly formed Republican Party, and in furthering the cause of his friend; the middle of February, 1861 found him en route to Washington, D. C., as companion and virtual body guard of the President elect, and a few months later, upon the outbreak of war, he was appointed Marshal of the District of Columbia.
After Lincoln's death, Lamon resigned (June 1865) to become a law partner of Judge Jeremiah S. Black practicing as a claims attorney in Washington, afterwards he also opened a law office in Martinsburg, West Virginia, which, during the 1780s, became his headquarters. Throughout this period he made repeated efforts to secure some kind of official appointment, but always without success, until finally, discouraged and in poor health, he moved to Denver, Colorado, where he remained for nearly ten years practicing law, speculating in mining properties, and writing for the press.
In 1886 he returned to Washington and spent the rest of his life in writing and travel. In 1895, two years after Lamon's death, his daughter, Dorothy Lamon Teillard, published an extended version of her father's work under the title Recollections of Abraham Lincoln (1895).

Removed or Separated Material

Items in this collection written by Abraham Lincoln are housed in the Abraham Lincoln Collection.   Access is restricted and available for research use only with permission of curator. Requires extended retrieval and delivery time.

Scope and Content

This collection contains the personal and professional papers of Ward Hill Lamon, chiefly dating from 1861 to 1879. The collection contains source materials for a biography of Abraham Lincoln, including three volumes of materials purchased from William Henry Hendon in 1869 and the correspondence related to the purchase; an unpublished typescript of Lamon's history of the Lincoln administration, and other papers relating to his historical work, including items concerning the controversy over his Life of Abraham Lincoln (published in 1872) and preparation of the second volume, never published.
Also included are papers that cover Lamon's own life and career. There are numerous letters with recommendations and applications for office appointments under Lincoln, addressed to Lamon as intermediary; papers relating to Lamon's attempt to organize a brigade of Unionist Virginians in 1861, with Lamon equipped as Colonel; office correspondence related to Lamon's role as United States Marshal of the District of Columbia (1861-1865) and his claims practice after the war; and papers related to a political attack on Lamon in 1862 by abolitionist senators over the continued enforcement of the fugitive slave law. There are some papers related to cotton traffic and blockade running, 1864-1865.
Personal correspondence and documents include letters related to the hardships of relatives and friends living in the loyal border counties of Virginia (1861-1865); political news and gossip from Illinois; and documents about Lamon's financial transactions including wartime speculation and dealings in Colorado mining properties. There are also materials related to Lamon's efforts to secure a government appointment including his run as a Republican candidate for West Virginia in the 45th Congress; and applications for the office of Governor or Judge in the West, or a consular appointment abroad. There are also syndicated newspaper articles.
Persons represented by ten or more pieces consist of:
  • Amos Beckwith (12 pieces)
  • Corrydon Beckwith (11 pieces)
  • Mary A. Brown (12 pieces)
  • David Davis (25 pieces)
  • Hamilton G. Fant (12 pieces)
  • John S. Gallaher (13 pieces)
  • William H. Hanna (13 pieces)
  • William Henry Herndon (38 pieces)
  • Robert B. Holliday (12 pieces)
  • Charles Edward Hovey (12 pieces)
  • David O. Laws (12 pieces)
  • Abraham Lincoln (13 pieces)
  • William Ward Orme (21 pieces)
  • Philip Pendelton (11 pieces)
  • Charles H. Russell (10 pieces)
  • John Wilson Shaffer (18 pieces)
  • Leonard Swett (40 pieces)
  • John Palmer Usher (11 pieces)
  • Lawrence Weldon (10 pieces)
  • John H Wickizer (13 pieces)
Some notable items include:
  • Black, Jeremiah Sullivan. Letter to Ward H. Lamon, ... the millions of white men through all the country with wealth and intelligence have far less power in regard to their own affairs than the same number of persons in Russia and Turkey... York, March 7, 1869
  • Frémont, Jessie (Benton). Letter to Lamon, ...I had written and copied a great deal to you. But the usual leakage at Washington makes public Gen. Thomas' & Gen. Hunter's plans. This explains to all why Hunter does not advance & why orders from Gen. Frémont are left unattended to... [St. Louis, October 31, 1861]
  • Herndon, William Henry. Analyses of the character and mind of Abraham Lincoln. 1865, December 12 and 26; 1866, January 23; 1870, March 3 (4 pieces)
  • Lamon, Ward Hill. Unpublished typescript of the history of Abraham Lincoln's public and private life from his inauguration until his assassination, intended to be volume II, of Lamon's Life of Lincoln. [Denver, 1886]
  • __________. Speech in support of Andrew Johnson. 1866
  • Lincoln, Abraham. Seven legal documents, including a brief of the suit: Illinois Central R. R. vs. the County of McLean. 1854-1858
  • __________. Autograph draft of the text of the statement, which was signed by Lamon, regarding the so-called Antietam Episode. September 12, 1864
  • Logan, Stephen Trigg. Six letters from Judge Logan to Lamon, his son-in-law. Springfield, 1861-1865
  • Maguire, John. Letter to Lamon giving recollections of Lincoln's attitude on the cotton traffic in 1864-1865. [Approximately 1870]

Arrangement

The collection is arranged chronologically.

Indexing Terms

The following terms have been used to index the description of this collection in the Huntington Library's Online Catalog.  

Subjects

Herndon, William Henry, 1818-1891 -- Archives.
Lamon, Ward Hill, 1828-1893 -- Archives.
Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865.
Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865 -- Friends and associates -- Archives.
Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865 -- Correspondence.
United States. Marshal (District of Columbia) -- History -- Sources.
Abolitionists -- United States -- History -- 19th century -- Sources.
Biographers -- United States -- Archives.
Fugitive slaves -- Legal status, laws, etc. -- United States -- History -- Sources.
Lawyers -- United States -- Archives.
Politicians -- United States -- Archives.
Unionists (United States Civil War) -- Virginia.
Colorado -- History -- 1876-1950 -- Sources.
Illinois -- Politics and government -- 19th century -- Sources.
United States -- History -- Civil War, 1861-1865 -- Sources.

Forms/Genres

Biographies -- United States -- 19th century.
Letters (correspondence) -- United States -- 19th century.
Manuscripts -- United States -- 19th century.
Personal papers -- United States.
Professional papers -- United States.

Additional Authors

Herndon, William Henry, 1818-1891, collector.
Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865.


Collection Contents

 

Boxes 1-32

Box  1

1850 December 4-1851 January 31

Box  2

1861 February 1-1861 March 2

Box  3

1861 March 3-1861 March 20

Box  4

1861 March 21-1861 April 9

Box  5

1861 April 10-1861 April 24

Box  6

1861 April 25-1861 May 17

Box  7

1861 May 18-1861 June 18

Box  8

1861 June 19-1861 August 31

Box  9

1861 September 1-1861 October 27

Box  10

1861 October 28-1861

Box  11

1862 January 1-1862 March 21

Box  12

1862 March 22-1862 August 13

Box  13

1862 August 15-1862

Box  14

1863 January 1-1863 April 8

Box  15

1863 April 9-1863 July 30

Box  16

1863 August 3-1863 November 14

Box  17

1863 November 15-[before 1864]

Box  18

1864 January 1-1864 March 17

Box  19

1864 March 18-1864 December 14

Box  20

1864 December 19-1865 February 27

Box  21

1865 February 28-1865 November 5

Box  22

1865 November 17-1867 August 16

Box  23

1867 September 18-1868 September 26

Box  24

1868 September 29-1869

Box  25

1870 January 1-1871

Box  26

[before 1872]-1875

Box  27

1876-1877

Box  28

1878-1880

Box  29

1881-1884

Box  30

1885-1886

Box  31

1887-1888

Box  32

1889-1894

 

Oversize

Box Oversize

Boxed oversize

Contains:
  • LN 1947. [Herndon, William Henry]. Analysis of the Character and Mind of Abraham Lincoln. 1865 [December 12]
  • LN 1948. [Herndon, William Henry]. Imagination, etc. 1865 December 26.
  • LN 1949. [Herndon, William Henry]. Facts Illustrative of Mr. Lincoln's Patriotism and Statesmanship. [1866 January 23].
  • LN 2325. Herndon, William Henry. To Ward Hill Lamon. 1870 March 1.
  • LN 2326. Herndon, William Henry. To [Ward Hill Lamon]: Statement of Jas. T. Stuart and Jas. H. Mathenay. 1870 March 2.
  • LN 2327. Herndon, William Henry. To Ward Hill Lamon. 1870 March 3.
  • LN 2328. [Herndon, William Henry]. [Copies of source material for Life of Lincoln, includes Ancestors of Lincoln, statements of John B. Helm, Samuel Haycroft, R. Wintersmith]. [Approximately 1870].
  • LN 2460. The Great Western Empire [memoir of a scheme for the partition of the Americas, 1848-1864]. [Approximately 1886].
Oversize Folder

LN 2386 [Map - New Salem (Ill.)] Town of New Salem made for William H. Herndon. [Approximately 1832]

Manuscript map, 13 7/8 x 17 in.
Oversize Envelope

LN 2405 (1-16) Lamon, Ward Hill. Recollections of Abraham Lincoln [handwritten drafts of anecdotes to be used in articles for the press]. 1887-1890

Oversize Envelope

Miscellaneous manuscript materials

Contains 19 miscellaneous pieces:
  • Harrow, William. To Brown. 1861 May 1.
  • [Lamon, Ward Hill]. Address to Capt. Kennedy & officers of the Williamsport Home Guards. [Approximately 1861].
  • [Lamon, Ward Hill]. Draft of memoranda re: Clephane and Weston. [Approximately 1861].
  • [Lamon, Ward Hill]. Memoranda [on] a mediated attempt to break the military prison on Capitol Hill. [Approximately 1862].
  • [Lamon, Ward Hill]. The Abolitionists : a fragment of an address]. [Approximately 1866?]
  • Russell, John H. To the ... Court of Claims of the United States : [Representation regarding land constituting what is known as the Hot Springs Reservation ... in the State of Arkansas : incomplete draft in the hand of Ward H. Lamon]. [After 1870].
  • Holliday, Wm. H. Translation of Greek. [Approximately 1880]
  • [Lamon, Ward Hill]. "The Nautodometer." [Approximately 1880]
  • [Lamon, Ward Hill]. [Notes on politics in the United States]. [Approximately 1880].
  • [Blaine, James Gillespie]. To [Lord Granville?] [Fragment of a report on the cattle disease in the United States (contemporary copy in the handwriting of Dorothy Lamon)]. [Approximately 1881].
  • [Lamon, Ward Hill]. To "Mr. Editor" [memoranda on the Race Question]. [Approximately 1886].
  • [Lamon, Ward Hill]. [Draft of memorandum on advice to Lincoln from Comte Agénor de Gasparin]. [Approximately 1890].
  • [Lamon, Ward Hill]. [Notes on politics in the United States]. [Approximately 1892].
  • [Lamon, Ward Hill]. [Anecdote: Lincoln's fees (incomplete handwritten manuscript)].
  • [Lamon, Ward Hill]. [Lincoln & his humor].
  • [Lamon, Ward Hill]. Lincoln's kindness to our wounded soldiers.
  • [Lamon, Ward Hill]. Notes re: Gen D. Green.
  • [Lamon, Ward Hill]. Notes re: raising Confederate Vessels [incomplete].
  • Miscellaneous fragments of drafts, notes, etc.
 

Volumes

1

Herndon, William Henry. Life of Lincoln original manuscript. Vol. I

2

Herndon, William Henry. Life of Lincoln original manuscript. Vol. II

3

Herndon, William Henry. Life of Lincoln original manuscript. Vol. III

4

Lamon, Ward Hill. Life of Lincoln original manuscript. Vols. I-II.