Scope and Content Note
Title: Sir Robert Hamilton Bruce Lockhart papers
Date (inclusive): 1895-2003
Collection Number: 85039
Hoover Institution Archives
Language of Material:
11 manuscript boxes, 2 oversize box, 1 oversize folder
5.2 linear feet
Correspondence, speeches and writings, diaries, notes, memoranda, photographs, and memorabilia, relating to miscellaneous
aspects of Anglo-Soviet relations during the Russian Revolution, British espionage in the Soviet Union during the Russian
Revolution, miscellaneous aspects of British government activities during World War II (including Anglo-Czechoslovak relations),
and personal affairs. Includes many letters by Baroness Moura Budberg, some letters by British espionage agent Sidney Reilly,
and some material about him collected by Lockhart's son, Robin Bruce Lockhart.
General Physical Description note:
Lockhart, Robert Hamilton Bruce, Sir, 1887-1970
Collection is open for research.
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[Identification of item], Sir Robert Hamilton Bruce Lockhart papers, [Box no.], Hoover Institution Archives.
Acquired by the Hoover Institution Archives in 1985.
Materials may have been added to the collection since this finding aid was prepared. To determine if this has occurred, find
the collection in Stanford University's online catalog Socrates at
. Materials have been added to the collection if the number of boxes listed in Socrates is larger than the number of boxes
listed in this finding aid.
|1887 September 2
||Born, Anstruther, Scotland
||Vice-Consul, British Foreign Service, Moscow
||Acting Consul-General, British Foreign service, Moscow
||Head of Special Mission to the Soviet Government
||Arrested by the Bolsheviks; released and exchanged for Maxim Litvinov
||Commercial Secretary to British Legation, Prague, Czechoslovakia
||Worked in banking in Central Europe
||Member, Editorial Staff,
Evening Standard (London)
Memoirs of a British Agent
Retreat from Glory
Return to Malaya
My Scottish Youth
Guns or Butter?
||Director-General, Political Intelligence Department, British Foreign Office
||British Representative with Provisional Czechoslovak government in London
||Deputy Under-Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs, British Foreign Office and Director-General of Political Warfare Executive
||Knighted, Order of St. Michael and St. George
Comes the Reckoning
My Rod My Comfort
The Marines Were There
||Author, <title render="italic">Ján Masaryk</title>
||Author, <title render="italic">The Two Revolutions</title>
||<title render="italic">Friends, Foes and Foreigners</title>
Giants Cast Long Shadows
|1970 February 27
||Died, Hove, England
Scope and Content Note
The Robert Bruce Hamilton Lockhart papers consist of correspondence, diaries, memoranda, notes, speeches and writings, photographs,
and memorabilia, relating to miscellaneous aspects of Anglo-Soviet relations during the Russian Revolution, British espionage
in the Soviet Union during the Russian Revolution, miscellaneous aspects of British government activities during World War
II (including Anglo-Czechoslovak relations), and personal affairs. Also included is some material about Lockhart collected
by his son, Robin Bruce Lockhart.
Biographical file includes material on Lockhart's role in the counter-revolutionary "Lockhart Plot" against the Soviet Union. This scheme to
overthrow the Bolshevik government, with help from Sidney Reilly, resulted in Lockhart's arrest and subsequent sentencing
to death on charges of espionage and sabotage. The
Subject file contains information relating to the Chester Concession, which was a grant awarded by the Turkish National Assembly in 1923
April to the Ottoman-American Development Company giving it the right to develop Turkish natural resources, and a report on
the role of the Polish government in Boris Savinkov's conspiracy against the Soviet Union.
Sidney Reilly file contains material collected by Lockhart about this British espionage agent. It includes letters to and from Reilly, as well
as a 1968 article about the search for Reilly. A related item in the
Correspondence is a 1932 letter from Baroness Moura Budberg indicating that Reilly might still be alive.
Great Britain Foreign Office documents series consists of dispatches relating to the situation in Czechoslovakia in 1946-1948. The bulk is from the British Embassy
in Prague to the Foreign Office in London, but some from British Embassies elsewhere in Europe and the Soviet Union are included.
Security-classified documents have been removed from this series, as required by law, until they can be declassified by government
Incremental materials series is arranged following the arrangement of the rest of the collection. These materials include the papers of Robin N.
Bruce Lockhart, son of Robert H. Bruce Lockhart, who wrote a book about Sidney Reilly titled
Ace of Spies.
Subjects and Indexing Terms
Great Britain. Foreign Office.
Lockhart, Robin Bruce.
Reilly, Sidney George, 1874-1925.
Espionage, British--Soviet Union.
Great Britain--Foreign relations--Soviet Union.
Secret service--Great Britain.
Soviet Union--Foreign relations--Great Britain.
Soviet Union--History--Revolution, 1917-1921.
World War, 1939-1945--Czechoslovakia.
World War, 1939-1945--Great Britain.
World War, 1939-1945.