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Register of the Philip Randolph Lee Papers, 1947-1984
MSS 91-1  
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Collection Overview
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This collection documents Philip Randolph Lee's career as a health policy researcher and administrator. It includes speeches and articles from the early years of his career, including his 1955 master's thesis. The bulk of the collection concerns his years of government and UC service until 1983. There are extensive Correspondence and Speech files for his years as Assistant Secretary at the Department of Health Education and Welfare and as Chancellor of UCSF. There is Correspondence, Speech and Subject/Publication files for his first eleven years as director of the Institute for Health Policy Studies (IHPS) and its predecessor (HPP). There are no materials from his second stint as Assistant Secretary in the Department of Health and Human Services (1993-97) or as Professor Emeritus and Senior Advisor at UCSF (post 1997).
Philip Randolph Lee was Chancellor of the University of California San Francisco from 1969-71, and then became Director of the Health Policy Program (later expanded and renamed the Institute for Health Policy Studies) at UCSF (1972-1993). He left IHPS in 1993 to join the Clinton Administration as Assistant Secretary for Health in the Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS) (1993-1997) before returning to UCSF and the IHPS as Senior Advisor and Professor Emeritus (1997-). Lee had previously served as Assistant Secretary for Health and Scientific Affairs in the Department of Health Education and Welfare (DHEW) (1965-1969) under President Lyndon Baines Johnson, and as Director of Health Services at the Agency for International Development (USAID) (1963-1965). Lee has been an active lecturer, writer and teacher, as well as serving on numerous advisory boards and planning groups. He was licensed to practice medicine in California in 1948, New York in 1955 and Board Certified in Internal Medicine in 1956.Lee was born in San Francisco on April 17, 1924. His father was Russel Van Arsdale Lee, the founder of the Palo Alto Clinic in Palo Alto, California, and he was one of five children, all of whom went on to medical careers. He married Catherine Lockridge, an attorney, in 1953 and had 5 children. On February 9, 1980 Lee married Carroll Estes, Professor of Sociology and Chair of the Department of Social and Behavioral Sciences in the School of Nursing at UCSF, and Director of the Aging Health Policy Research Center (later the Institute for Health and Aging) at UCSF's School of Nursing from 1979 to the present. Estes and Lee collaborated on a number of books and projects, including The Nation's Health (1984, 1997-5th ed.), chapters in Caring for the Elderly (1989), Eldercare: A Practical Guide to Gerontology (1981), and The Aging Enterprise (1979), and several working papers issued by the Institute for Health and Aging.Lee received his bachelors degree and his M.D. from Stanford university in 1945 and 1948 respectively. He served his internship at Massachusetts Memorial hospital in Boston (1947-48) before returning to Stanford for his residency (1948-49). He served in the US Navel Reserve (1943-45, and 1949-51) and received a Navy Unit Citation for his service in the Korean Theater (1950-51). After completing his military service he became a Fellow at the Bellevue Medical Center, New York (1951-53) and the Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota (1953-55). While serving as a Mayo Fellow he earned his Masters of Science degree from the University of Minnesota in 1955. From 1955-56, he was an Instructor and Assistant Clinical Professor at New York University School of Medicine. Lee returned to Palo Alto in 1956 and served as a Staff Member at the Palo Alto Medical Clinic and Assistant Clinical Professor, Stanford University.Lee's earliest research and writing was in rehabilitation, arthritis and cardiovascular disease. He was also very concerned with the public service aspects of medicine and wider social issues. In the early 1960s, Lee became a dissenting voice in the medical establishment when he broke with American Medical Association (AMA) official policy and actively campaigned for the passage of Medicare. He was also a founding member of the Chowder and Marching Society, an oddly named organization of progressive members of the medical community from across California. Later in Washington, D.C. he worked with the AMA to clarify Medicare regulations and policies and simplify reporting requirements. During 1968 and 1969 he oversaw a massive restructuring of the Department of Health Education and Welfare and federal health services. Throughout his career Lee has been an inveterate speech maker and these documents reveal the broad range of his interests. Many of these speeches were also published as articles in a variety of popular and medical/scientific journals. Topics covered include: "The Rehabilitation of the Rheumatic Child" (1957), "Health Aspects of the USAID Program" (1963), "Population, Public Health and International Development" (1965), "Creative Federalism and Public Health --New Patterns (1966), "Population Growth--Problems, Progress, Prognosis (1967), "Has the World Grown Too Small," "Health and the City," and "Toward a Dream of World Health" (1968), "Equal Opportunity--A Reality for Minority Students in the Health Professions? and "Health Services and an Optimum Level of Population--Are We Part of the Solution or Part of the Problem? (1969), "The University Medical Center and Urban Crisis" and "Child Health -Who Cares" (1970), "National Health Insurance --Problems, Proposals and Policies" (1971), "Is There a Future for Family Medicine? (1973).Lee has authored more than 150 articles, as well as co-authoring numerous books, book chapters, and monographs. He co-authored two books and a monograph on rehabilitation: Cardiovascular Rehabilitation (1957), Rehabilitation of the Cardiovascular Patient (1958), and An Evaluation of Rehabilitation of Patients with Hemiparesis or Hemiplegia Due to Cerebral Vascular Disease (1958). His next book, the 1972 Politics of Health, co-edited with Douglass Carter, was created during his years as chancellor, but the rest of his books and monographs come from his years at the IHPS. Lee was author or co-author of: Notes on a Visit to China (1973), Pills, Profits, and Politics (1974), Deliberations and Compromise: The Health Professions Educational Assistance Act of 1976 (1977), Primary Care in a Specialized World (1976), Abortion Politics: Private Morality and Public Policy (1981), Exercise and Health: The Evidence and the Implications (1981), Pills and the Public Purse (1981), Prescriptions for Death: The Drugging of the Third World (1982), Drugs and the Elderly: Clinical, Social, and Policy Perspectives (1988), and The Nation's Health (1st ed. 1981, 5th edition 1997), Bad Medicine (1992)
  • Young Man of the Year, Palo Alto Junior Chamber of Commerce --1962
  • Superior Honor Award, Agency for International Development --1965
  • Honorary Degree (Sc.D.), MacMurray College, Jacksonville, Illinois --1967
  • Hilleboe prize in Public Health --1968.
  • Secretary's Special Citation, Department of Health Education an Welfare --1969
  • Certificate of Honor, San Francisco Board of Supervisors --1972
  • Hugo Schaefer Medal, American Pharmacy Association --1976
  • Kaiser Senior Fellow, Center for Advanced Study in Behavioral Sciences --1980-81
  • Honorary Degree (Ph.D.), Ben Gurion University of the Negev, Israel --??
  • American Medical Association
  • American Public Health Association
  • American College of Physicians
  • American Federation of Clinical Research
  • Association of American Medical Colleges
  • Alpha Omega Alpha --[ gave speeches there too]
  • American Association for the Advancement of Science
  • American Geriatrics Society
  • California Society of Internal Medicine
  • Institute of Medicine --National Academy of Sciences
  • Society for Research and Education in primary Care Internal Medicine.
  • Availability
    Collection is open for research.