Register of the The Integration Project : The Dorothy Doyle Collection, 1967-1978, n.d.

Processed by Patricia Martinez; machine-readable finding aid created by Xiuzhi Zhou
Southern California Library for Social Studies and Research
6120 S. Vermont Avenue
Los Angeles, California 90044
Phone: (323) 759-6063
Fax: (323) 759-2252
Email: archives@socallib.org
URL: http://www.socallib.org
© 1999
Southern California Library for Social Studies and Research. All rights reserved.

Register of the The Integration Project : The Dorothy Doyle Collection, 1967-1978, n.d.

Collection number: MSS 020

Southern California Library for Social Studies and Research

Los Angeles, California

Contact Information:

  • Southern California Library for Social Studies and Research
  • 6120 S. Vermont Avenue
  • Los Angeles, California 90044
  • Phone: (323) 759-6063
  • Fax: (323) 759-2252
  • Email: archives@socallib.org
  • URL: http://www.socallib.org
Processed by:
Patricia Martinez
Date Completed:
June 1996
Encoded by:
Xiuzhi Zhou
© 1999 Southern California Library for Social Studies and Research. All rights reserved.

Descriptive Summary

Title: The Integration Project : The Dorothy Doyle Collection,
Date (inclusive): 1967-1978, n.d.
Collection number: MSS 020
Creator: Doyle, Dorothy
Extent: 7 boxes
Repository: Southern California Library for Social Studies and Research.
Los Angeles, California
Language: English.

Administrative Information

Access

The collection is available for research only at the Library's facility in Los Angeles.  The Library is open from 10 a.m. to 4 p.m., Tuesday through Saturday. Researchers are encouraged to call or email the Library indicating the nature of their research query prior to making a visit.

Publication Rights

Copyright has not been assigned to the Southern California Library for Social Studies and Research. Researchers may make single copies of any portion of the collection, but publication from the collection will be allowed only with the express written permission of the Library's director. It is not necessary to obtain written permission to quote from a collection. When the Southern California Library for Social Studies and Research gives permission for publication, it is as the owner of the physical item and is not intended to include or imply permission of the copyright holder, which must also be obtained.

Preferred Citation

[Identification of item], The Integration Project : The Dorothy Doyle Collection, Southern California Library for Social Studies and Research, Los Angeles.

Historical Sketch

Civil Rights struggles after World War II created the climate for the landmark 1954 United States Supreme Court Brown v. Board of Education decision that overturned nineteenth-century law. The court ruled that educational facilities "which separate Blacks from whites are inherently unequal." As a result, in 1963, a Black student in Los Angeles by the name of Mary Crawford, sued the Los Angeles School Board for segregating and denying her equal opportunity under this new law. Years of litigation followed as several L.A. boards of education appealed this high court decision.
In 1970, Judge Alfred Gitelson ordered the board to create a plan for integration. When the board came up with a scheme based entirely on voluntary busing, the Judge said it was "designed to show extremely high cost, create disruption, and was designed to fail- not a plan at all." Finally in 1976, the California Supreme Court ordered the board to desegregate, and a new Judge, Paul Egly, ordered that a new plan be submitted to him by December 1976.
Over that summer of 1976, about 40 teachers, parents, and community workers met informally in a crowded unpainted room in a building in central L.A. Appointed by the Los Angeles Board of Education to study the district and recommend a plan for desegregation, the group not only monitored the activities of the Citizen's Advisory Committee, but it also scheduled meetings with the public to provide for airing of opinions and grievances. Knowing that its suggestions could be readily rejected, the committee became cautious and tried not to advise anything too sweeping. Nevertheless, while it did produce a method and schedule whereby some schools could be desegregated, the board promptly put the committee's proposals aside and dismissed them.
Two methods of avoiding court ordered desegregation emerged right from the start: first, an integrated school was defined as one where as much as 80% of one race attended. Second, special permits (PWT) allowed students to travel voluntarily on school buses in order to integrate schools. Close to twenty-five million dollars would be spent on a nonplan that would place the weight for change on the students.
The study group took the name of the Integration Project and began attending public meetings, writing and circulating informational bulletins, and calling the attention of teachers and parents' to the board's failure to obey the law. The group's plan brought together the major ethnic groups in the city: Asian, Black, Latino, and white. They included suggestions for staff development, use of federal and state funds for human relations, training and updating of facilities and material. Most importantly, though, the group was able to clearly establish the need for multi-cultural and bilingual education.
The school board's position on integration emerged quite clearly: it was bad for education and it would create violence and a situation where minority students would not be able to compete and thereby develop inferiority complexes. So, after weeks of hearings and millions of dollars in expenses, Judge Egly rejected the Integration Project's plan for desegregation. He then appointed a monitor to oversee the creation of a new board plan who would desegregate the district. In June, Robert Doctor, a moderate pro-integrationist, lost his seat to Bobbi Fieldler, an ardent anti-integrationist.
Over the next year, 1977-1978, with the exception of the Hispanic Urban Center, an independent community group, Black and Hispanic leaders seemed opposed to desegregation, spoke against busing, or subtly supported segregation by supporting the court case decision as though it were just a squabble between white politicians and thus of no concern to them. Instead, they now called for "quality education and community decision-making."
Judge Egly gave tentative approval to a new board plan called Concept L that would raise the number of traveling students to 20,000, and exclude grades K-3 and 9-12 and the most racially isolated areas of the city- South Central and East Los Angeles. In October 1979, a new round of hearings began to expand Concept L. Integration Project activists continued to print informational bulletins with updates on court hearings. They warned that the imposition of "separate but equal" was becoming fixed in the budget under an item entitled "Racially Isolated Minority Schools" (RIMS). Under this designation, money appropriated for desegregation was instead being used to support segregation. When it became clear that Judge Egly would approve a RIMS package to upgrade segregated schools, the Integration Project decided it could not ignore its existence. Suggestions were written for "How To Improve Remaining Racially Isolated Schools."
Finally, in 1981 the case came to a close. The State Supreme Court refused to hear the merits of the constitutional amendment as it applied to the Los Angeles Crawford v. Board of Education case. Segregationists had brought an end to 18 years of litigation without desegregating one single minority school.

Scope and Content

The Integration Papers (1970's) is an alphabetical subject collection. The series contains a wide range of material pertinent to The Project, including legal papers, newspaper articles, minutes of meetings, reports, and publications. This large archive documents the segregation of Los Angeles schools, the litigation around that issue, and community organizing about education.
The best place to begin research for this collection is in the clipping files. One can obtain the dates and major details of events. The newspaper articles document a wide range of issues- from court decisions to the controversial issue of busing. The material pertinent to this issue is a highlight of this collection.
Meeting notes and minutes provide great insight to the Project's overall organization, ideas, and goals. Members voiced their opinions and tasks were undertaken. A strong leadership and high level of will are proven to have existed within the group.
The political and social issues that influenced the Project's decisions can be best understood through the papers of organizations such as BARTOC, the Coalition For Bilingual Integrated Quality Education (CBIQE), and the Community Relations Conference of Southern California (CRCSC).
Another highlight to this collection is the court-related documents from Crawford vs. Board of Education. Appeals, briefings, and proceedings richen the collection and facilitate the understanding of the case.
This large archive about school desegregation in Los Angeles was donated by Jackie Goldberg, Sharon Stricker, and Dorothy Doyle, three key leaders of the Project. Dorothy, a teacher and writer, was for many years on the SCL Board. Sharon is an accomplished writer, teacher, and feminist activist. Jackie, who went on to become president of the school board, is now on the Los Angeles City Council.

Related Collections

Title: The Integration Project : The Jackie Goldberg And Sharon Stricker Collection, 1980-1985, n.d.
Title: Shevy Wallace Healey Papers (CIO Los Angeles Organizing), 1938-1962.
Title: Standard Coil Organizing Campaign Collection (UE vs. IUE-CIO), 1949-1954, n.d..
Title: Julius Mel Reich Labor Archives Collection.

Container List

Box 1, Folder 1

Adult Education

Box 1, Folder 2

American Civil Liberties Union

Box 1, Folder 3

American Civil Liberties Union, John & La Ree Caughey

Box 1, Folder 4

Analysis of Factors: Summaries, Index

Box 1, Folder 5

Analysis of Factors: Summaries, Racial & Ethnic Composition (A)

Box 1, Folder 6

Analysis of Factors: Summaries, Educational Quality (B)

Box 1, Folder 7

Analysis of Factors: Summaries, Community Acceptance (C)

Box 1, Folder 8

Analysis of Factors: Summaries, Destablization Effects (E)

Box 1, Folder 9

Anti-Defamation League of B'Nai B'Rith

Box 1, Folder 10

Articles

Box 1, Folder 11

Balitaan, 1977, 1978

Box 1, Folder 12

Berkeley School Report

Box 1, Folder 13-14

Bilingual & Bicultural Education

Box 1, Folder 15

Blacks

Box 1, Folder 16

"Board Action Board"

Box 1, Folder 17

BUSTOP, Integration Plan

Box 1, Folder 18-19

California Federation of Teachers

Box 1, Folder 20

California School Improvement Program

Box 1, Folder 21

California School Improvement Program, AB65

Box 1, Folder 22

California School Improvement Program, Applications

Box 1, Folder 23

California Task Force For Integrated Education

Box 1, Folder 24

California Teachers Association

Box 1, Folder 25

Case Files, 1972

Box 1, Folder 26-27

Caughey Plan, 1977

Box 1, Folder 28

Certificate of Merit, 1978

Box 1, Folder 29

The Chicano Education Project, Un Nuevo Dia

Box 1, Folder 30

Chicano Subcommittee

Box 1, Folder 31

Chronology of Integration Efforts

Box 1, Folder 32

Citizen Action In Education

Box 2, Folder 1-8

Clippings

Box 2, Folder 9

Coalition Against Police Abuse (CAPA)

Box 2, Folder 10

Coalition for Bilingual Integrated Quality Education (CBIQE)

Box 2, Folder 11

Coalition for Bilingual Integrated Quality Education (CBIQE), Literature

Box 2, Folder 12

Coalition Lists

Box 2, Folder 13

Committees Against Racism

Box 2, Folder 14

Committee United for Equal and Quality Education

Box 2, Folder 15

Communist Labor Party

Box 2, Folder 16

Community Network

Box 2, Folder 17

Community Relations Conference of Southern California

Box 2, Folder 18

The Community Reporter

Box 2, Folder 19

Component I, Staff Development Training Program for District Personnel

Box 2, Folder 20

Component II, Student-To-Student In-Service

Box 2, Folder 21

Component III, Specialized Learning Centers

Box 2, Folder 22

Component IV, Communication

Box 2, Folder 23

Component V, Community Organization Network

Box 2, Folder 24

Component VI, PWT Expansion

Box 2, Folder 25

Component VII, PIE Type Activities

Box 2, Folder 26

Component VIII, Geographic Techniques

Box 2, Folder 27

Component IX, Currently Integrated Schools

Box 2, Folder 28

Component X, Schools of Choice

Box 2, Folder 29

Correspondence, Miscellaneous

Box 2, Folder 30-31

Council For Peace And Equality in Education (CPEE)

Box 2, Folder 32

Court Report, A Summary of Student Integration Hearings

Box 2, Folder 33-35

Crawford vs. Board of Education

Box 3, Folder 1-3

Crawford vs. Board of Education

Box 3, Folder 4

Crawford vs. Board of Education, The Gitelson Decision

Box 3, Folder 5

Crenshaw High School Faculty Senate, Jeffrey P. Horton

Box 3, Folder 6-7

Desegregation

Box 3, Folder 8

Desegregation, Staff Report

Box 3, Folder 9

Doyle, Dorothy

Box 3, Folder 10

Education Commission of the States

Folder 11

Education USA

Box 3, Folder 12

Essays

Box 3, Folder 13

Events

Box 3, Folder 14

Expenses, Miscellaneous

Box 3, Folder 15

Financial

Box 3, Folder 16

Funding

Box 3, Folder 17

Greene & Dunlap Bill

Box 3, Folder 18

Hispanic Urban Center

Box 3, Folder 19

A History of Integration: The Happenings At The Los Angeles Board of Education

Box 3, Folder 20

"In Future Meetings"

Box 3, Folder 21

Integrated Quality Education in Los Angeles

Box 3, Folder 22

Integration Information Group

Box 3, Folder 23

The Integration Project

Box 3, Folder 24

The Integration Project, Newsletter

Box 3, Folder 25

Intergroup

Box 3, Folder 26

Lamar Society

Box 3, Folder 27

Lists, Addresses and Phone Numbers

Box 3, Folder 28

Los Angeles City Board of Education

Box 3, Folder 29

Los Angeles City Board of Education, Proposals and Press Statements

Box 3, Folder 30

Los Angeles City Schools, Enrollment and Location

Box 3, Folder 31

Los Angeles City Schools, Leaflets and Pamphlets

Box 3, Folder 32

Los Angeles County Commission on Human Desegregation

Box 3, Folder 33-36

Los Angeles Unified School District, Citizen's Advisory Committee on Student Integration (CACSI)

Box 4, Folder 1

Los Angeles Unified School District, Plan Concepts, 1977

Box 4, Folder 2

Los Angeles Unified School District, Proposal for Analyzing Alternate Integration Strategies

Box 4, Folder 3

Los Angeles Unified School District, School Desegregation Staff Report

Box 4, Folder 4

Los Angeles Unified School District, Staff Development Branch

Box 4, Folder 5

"Media For Impact"

Box 4, Folder 6-8

Metropolitan School Planning

Box 4, Folder 9

Mexican-Americans

Box 4, Folder 10-12

Multi-Cultural Materials

Box 4, Folder 13

Nava, Julian, LAUSD Board of Education President

Box 4, Folder 14-18

Notes

Box 4, Folder 19

Notes, Jackie Goldberg

Box 4, Folder 20

Open Forum

Box 5, Folder 1

People's World, 1977

Box 5, Folder 2

People United to Save Humanity (PUSH)

Box 5, Folder 3

Preliminary Integration Plans, 1977

Box 5, Folder 4

Press Releases

Box 5, Folder 5

Priorities, 1978

Box 5, Folder 6

Proposition One

Box 5, Folder 7

Proposition 13

Box 5, Folder 8

Proposition 21

Box 5, Folder 9-10

Publications, Miscellaneous

Box 5, Folder 11

Racial & Ethnic Enrollment

Box 5, Folder 12

Racial & Ethnic Segregation

Box 5, Folder 13-14

Racially Isolated Minority Schools (RIMS)

Box 5, Folder 15

Residential Integration

Box 5, Folder 16

Resolutions

Box 5, Folder 17

San Fernando Valley Fair Housing Council, Newsletter

Box 5, Folder 18

School Integration Advocacy Network

Box 5, Folder 19

School Observer, 1976, 1977

Box 5, Folder 20

School System Summary Reports, 1978

Box 5, Folder 21

Serrano vs. Priest

Box 5, Folder 22

Speeches

Box 5, Folder 23

Spotlight

Box 5, Folder 24

Staff Integration

Box 5, Folder 25

Summary of Integration Proposals, 1967, 1977

Box 5, Folder 26

Testing Class Size

Box 5, Folder 27

Together for Integrated Education (TIE)

Box 5, Folder 28

Transportation

Box 5, Folder 29-30

Transportation, Busing

Box 5, Folder 31-32

Transportation, Permits With Transportation (PWT)

Box 5, Folder 33

United Teacher

Box 5, Folder 34

United Teachers, Los Angeles (UTLA)

Box 5, Folder 35

Value Analysis System

Box 5, Folder 36

Westside Integration Network

Box 5, Folder 37

Witness List

Box 5, Folder 38

Women Struggles

Box 5, Box 6

Congress Hearings

Box 5, Box 7

Miscellaneous Publications