Scope and Content Note
Title: Joseph C. Trainor Papers,
Date (inclusive): 1933-1980
Collection number: 72022
Trainor, Joseph C.
76 manuscript boxes, 2 envelopes, 1 album box, 1 phonotape reel
37.1 linear feet)
Hoover Institution Archives
Stanford, California 94305-6010
Abstract: Writings, memoranda, reports, surveys, handbooks, maps, photographs, and printed matter, relating to education reform in Japan
during the Allied occupation. Includes phonotape interview of J. C. Trainor by Harry Wray, 1980
Collection open for research.
The Hoover Institution Archives only allows access to
copies of audiovisual items. To listen to sound recordings or to view videos or films during your visit, please contact the Archives
at least two working days before your arrival. We will then advise you of the accessibility of the material you wish to see
or hear. Please note that not all audiovisual material is immediately accessible.
For copyright status, please contact
the Hoover Institution Archives.
[Identification of item], Joseph C. Trainor Papers, [Box no.], Hoover Institution
Acquired by the Hoover Institution Archives in 1972.
Materials may have been added to the collection since this finding aid was prepared. To determine if this has occurred, find
the collection in Stanford University's online catalog at
. Materials have been added to the collection if the number of boxes listed in the online catalog is larger than the number
of boxes listed in this finding aid.
Supreme Commander for the Allied Powers
Japan--History--Allied occupation, 1945-1952
Scope and Content Note
Jospeh C. Trainor was made a lieutenant commander of the United States Army in May of 1946. For one year, until May of 1947,
he served as a member of the Eduation Division of the Civil Information and Education Section of the General Headquarters
of the Supreme Commander for the Allied Powers in Tokyo. He returned in July of 1949 in the capacity of Deputy Chief of the
Education Division. The occupation authorities in Japan were committed to a program of democratizing Japan. One important
facet of this program was educational reform. Occupation authorities rigorously pursued a program of restructuring administrative
machinery, reorganizing schools, and reforming curricula. As a staff member of the Education Division for one year in 1946
- 1947, Joseph C. Trainor became familiar with this endeavor. As its Deputy Chief and second-in-command from July of 1949
until the American authorities left Japan in 1952, he was intimately involved at the policy and implementation levels.
The Joseph C. Trainor Collection well reflects and documents the program of democratization American authorities pursued vis-a-vis
the Japanese educational system. Rather than an arbitrary assemblage of an individual's papers, the Trainor Collection comprises
archives, possibly incomplete, of American governmental and other agencies. The three series -- Ministry of Education; Supreme
Commander for the Allied Powers (SCAP). General Headquarters (GHQ). Civil and Information Section (CIE); and Subject File
-- conform to the arrangment of the collection when it arrived at the Hoover Institution Archives. Within the series, the
original arrangement of files has been maintained to as great an extent as possible while still insuring a logical and accessible
organization. Within the three series are found many types of material ranging from handwritten notes to reprints of American
journal articles. The series description which follows gives a more detailed inventory of the types of documents.
The Ministry of Education file consists primarily of copies of documents, typescripts usually, which were generated either
by the Japanese Ministry of Education or by other administrative or legislative bodies, such as the Diet. These documents
usually define, but occasionally establish, the functions of the Ministry.
The second series, and the one which comprises over 80% of the collection, is that of the Supreme Commander for the Allied
Powers, General Headquarters, Civil Information and Education. This series is then further broken down into subseries, the
largest and most important of which is titled
Education Division. The subseries represent distinctions found within the collection when it arrived at the repository. Throughout the SCAP.
GHQ. CIE. series, the researcher will find reports, memoranda, statistics, studies and a host of other material relating to
the effort of reorganizing Japanese education. In this series lies the crux of the Trainor Collection.
The last series is the Subject File. It, too, contains a variety of forms of documents. To a limited extent, documents from
sections of the Supreme Commander for the Allied Powers, General Headquarters other than Civil Information and Education are
to be found in this series. Some documents pertain to education. The majority of documents in this file, however, are unrelated
to education, and concern a variety of topics.
In all of the series, files are arranged alphabetically by subject or title, following closely the original arrangement of
the collection when it was received. If materials are dated, the dates are given at the end of an entry. A dash between two
dates indicates there is material in the file covering that time span. A comma, however, is used to indicate materials form
two different days, months or years, with no material from the intervening period in the file. Single items missing a date
are listed with
no date at the end of their entry. Folders with dates given may contain material which is undated, in which case that material has
been placed at the back of the folder. If under a single entry with large quantities of material, enough material was undated
to warrant its own folder, it is listed as the last subheading of that entry as
Undated. The purpose behind the positioning of undated material at the end of a file, or files, was to give the researcher a better
chance of understanding, if not actually placing, undated materials after reading through the sequence of dated material.