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Association for Clinical Pastoral Education, Pacific Region Records
GTU 89-5-06  
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Collection Details
Table of contents What's This?
  • Descriptive Summary
  • Access
  • Publication Rights
  • Preferred Citation
  • Acquisition Information
  • Biography / Administrative History
  • Scope and Content of Collection
  • Arrangement
  • Indexing Terms
  • Bibliography
  • Other Finding Aids

  • Descriptive Summary

    Title: Association for Clinical Pastoral Education, Pacific Region records
    Dates: 1967-2006
    Collection number: GTU 89-5-06
    Creator: Association For Clinical Pastoral Education, Pacific Region
    Collection Size: 8 5" boxes (2.5 linear feet)
    Repository: The Graduate Theological Union. Library.
    Berkeley, CA 94709
    Abstract: The national ACPE was formed in 1967 from the merger of several oaragnzations. It promotes and provides clinical training within hospitals and prisons as a complement to theological education and ministry formation. A major figure in the formation of the ACPE was Anton T. Boisen. The Pacific Region is one of nine regions. The Pacific Region provides training in pastoral counseling and chaplaincy for ministerial students throughout the western United States.
    Physical location: 2/A/2, 2/J/2, 2/K/3
    Languages: Languages represented in the collection: English


    Collection is open for research.

    Publication Rights

    Copyright has not been assigned to The Graduate Theological Union. All requests for permission to publish or quote from manuscripts must be submitted in writing to the Archivist. Permission for publication is given on behalf of The Graduate Theological Union as the owner of the physical items and is not intended to include or imply permission of the copyright holder, which must also be obtained by the reader.

    Preferred Citation

    Association for Clinical Pastoral Education, Pacific Region records, GTU 89-5-06. Graduate Theological Union Archives, Berkeley, CA.

    Acquisition Information

    A collection had been donated to the GTU Library in 1976-77, but there was no documentation on the original gift. Efforts to contact the leadership of the Pacific Region to confirm the gift of the collection were unsuccessful until 1997 when William Adix, Chair of the History Committee, contacted the GTU Archives. Subsequently the Pacific Region gift was confirmed in 1998 resulting in a collection of materials compiled according to the "Association for Clinical Pastoral Education Guidelines for Archival Materials."

    Biography / Administrative History

    Although official formation of the Pacific Region occurred in 1967, its roots are found in clinical ministry education initiatives of the 1920's by pioneers William Keller in Cincinnati, Richard C. Cabot in Boston, and Anton T. Boisen in Worcester, Massachusetts.
    As more students sought these learning experiences two organizations emerged in the 1930's and 1940's to provide and promote clinical education as a challenging complement to classical academic theological education. The Council for Clinical Training of Theological Students was organized in 1930 in Boston, and after a few years some of the group located in New York City, becoming the Council for Clinical Training (CCT). Those remaining became in 1937 the New England Theological Schools Committee on Clinical Training, reorganizing in 1944 as the Institute of Pastoral Care (IPC).
    Interest and support grew as theological students and ministers enrolled in clinical training programs within hospitals and prisons. Chaplains whose theological education was enriched with psychological understanding supervised these programs. Students, engaged in actual clinical ministry, reported their experiences in verbatims and case studies for discussion in small groups with peers, and with their supervisor. Didactic seminars with resource persons from the clinical setting expanded student learning.
    Pastoral education organizations developed in the 1950's and 1960's as certified supervisors established new training centers. The first West Coast program was in the summer of 1951 at Emanuel Hospital, Portland, OR, supervised by Chaplain H. George Randolph, connected with the Institute of Pastoral Care. Pastoral education started in California following Anton T. Boison's visits in the late 1940's as special lecturer at Pacific School of Religion in Berkeley, and other Bay area seminaries. He also met with the Superintendent/Medical Director at Napa State Hospital, Imola, convincing him to have a clinical training program. Consequently the second West Coast program began in March 1952 at Napa with Chaplain Herman Eichorn, Council for Clinical Training supervisor. With additional programs in California a type of regional structure began in 1957. This enabled CCT supervisors to meet for mutual support, provide mid-summer student conferences, and extend national activities of certification, accreditation and seminary affiliations.
    Another dimension emerged in these years of growth, cooperation and competition of CCT and IPC when two denominations, Lutherans and Southern Baptists formed new pastoral education organizations. Representatives of all four organizations met for several years, culminating November 17, 1967 with the merger creating the Association for Clinical Pastoral Education, Inc. (ACPE).
    This merger created nine regions, with the Pacific Region including Alaska, Arizona, California, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, Oregon, Utah, and Washington. Regional functions include formation of governance structures, sharing with national committees for standards, accrediting new education centers, new supervisor certifications, promoting student enrollments, and developing seminary affiliations. The region uses periodic self-studies to improve its structure and programs, seeking balance among national, regional and local priorities. In 1967 the Region began with 18 training centers in two states, and 6 affiliated theological seminaries. Regional growth continued and by the end of the 20th century certified supervisor and accredited centers functioned in all states.
    From 1967-1999 clinical education centers existed at times in 94 locations, and four of the original 18 centers continue. At least 140 certified supervisors were active in the region in these years, and affiliations were established with 19 seminaries. The Pacific Region launched creative initiatives to develop new CPE programs in urban and rural environments, fosters continuing education and peer review for supervisors, provides periodic newsletters, and arranges mid-summer conferences for students. Regional membership reflects gender and social inclusiveness, promoting multi-cultural and interfaith education initiatives within its centers and programs.
    William F. Adix, Chair, ACPE Pacific Region History Committee.

    Scope and Content of Collection

    The collection consists of Association minutes, newsletters, organization files, history files, individual training facilities, and photographs. Included are oral history interview videotapes and audiotapes from past supervisors and persons crucial to the early formation of the Region, including Arthur McGiffert. The files of J. Lennert Cedarleaf, active in the Pacific Region from its inception, form a part of the collection.


    The collection follows the original order.

    Indexing Terms

    The following terms have been used to index the description of this collection in the library's online public access catalog.


    Cedarleaf, J. Lennert.
    Boisen, Anton T. (Anton Theophilus), 1876-1965.
    McGiffert, Arthur Cushman, 1892-1993.
    Association for Clinical Pastoral Education. Pacific Region.
    Pastoral counseling--History--Sources.
    Pastoral counseling--Study and teaching--West (U.S.)
    Theology--Study and teaching--History--Sources.
    Psychology and religion--History--Sources.
    Prison chaplains--History--Sources.
    Chaplains, Hospital--History--Sources.

    Hall, Charles E.: Head and Heart: "The Story of the Clinical Pastoral Education Movement", Journal of Pastoral Care Publications, Inc., 1992.
    Powell, Robert C.; "CPE: Fifty Years of Learning Through Supervised Encounter with Living Human Documents." The Association for Clinical Pastoral Education, Inc. 1975.
    Pacific Region, ACPE, documents.

    Other Finding Aids

    The repository for the records of the national ACPE and some regional associations is the Archives and Manuscripts Department, Pitts Theological Library, Emory University, Atlanta, GA 30322: Association for Clinical Pastoral Education Records (RG 001).