Register of the U.S. Civil Affairs Training School, Stanford University Records, 1942-1945

Processed by David Jacobs; machine-readable finding aid created by Michael C. Conkin
Hoover Institution Archives
Stanford University
Stanford, California 94305-6010
Phone: (650) 723-3563
Fax: (650) 725-3445
Email: archives@hoover.stanford.edu
© 1998
Hoover Institution Archives. All rights reserved.

Register of the U.S. Civil Affairs Training School, Stanford University Records, 1942-1945

Hoover Institution Archives

Stanford University

Stanford, California

Contact Information

  • Hoover Institution Archives
  • Stanford University
  • Stanford, California 94305-6010
  • Phone: (650) 723-3563
  • Fax: (650) 725-3445
  • Email: archives@hoover.stanford.edu
Processed by:
David Jacobs
Date Completed:
1998
Encoded by:
Michael C. Conkin
© 1998 Hoover Institution Archives. All rights reserved.

Descriptive Summary

Title: U.S. Civil Affairs Training School, Stanford University records
Date (inclusive): 1942-1945
Collection number: XX413
Creator: United States. Civil Affairs Training School, Stanford University.
Physical Description: 59 manuscript boxes, 1 card file box, 3 phonorecords (25 linear feet)
Repository: Hoover Institution Archives
Stanford, California 94305-6010
Abstract: Correspondence, memoranda, reports, financial and personnel records, handbooks, syllabi, and instructional materials, relating to the politics, governments, economies and cultures of Japan, other areas in the Pacific, and various countries in Europe; and intelligence assessments of the war in the Pacific.
Physical Location: Hoover Institution Archives
Language: English.

Administrative Information

Access

Microfilm use only.
The Hoover Institution Archives only allows access to copies of audiovisual items. To listen to sound recordings or to view videos or films during your visit, please contact the Archives at least two working days before your arrival. We will then advise you of the accessibility of the material you wish to see or hear. Please note that not all audiovisual material is immediately accessible.

Publication Rights

For copyright status, please contact the Hoover Institution Archives.

Alternative Form Available

Also available on microfilm (65 reels).

Preferred Citation

[Identification of item], U.S. Civil Affairs Training School, Stanford University Records, [Box number], Hoover Institution Archives.

Acquisition Information

Acquired by the Hoover Institution Archives.

Accruals

Materials may have been added to the collection since this finding aid was prepared. To determine if this has occurred, find the collection in Stanford University's online catalog at http://searchworks.stanford.edu/ . Materials have been added to the collection if the number of boxes listed in the online catalog is larger than the number of boxes listed in this finding aid.

Access Points

Military government.
Universities and colleges--United States.
World War, 1939-1945.
World War, 1939-1945--Campaigns--Pacific Ocean.
World War, 1939-1945--Europe.
World War, 1939-1945--Japan.
World War, 1939-1945--Occupied territories.
Europe.
Japan.
Oceania.
United States--Foreign relations.
United States--Armed Forces.
Education.
Phonorecords.

Historical Note

As United States involvement in the Second World War deepened, the American military began to make contingency plans based on the likelihood of an eventual Allied victory and the need for qualified personnel to administer the occupation of liberated countries in Europe and Asia. In 1943, a training program for such personnel was established at Stanford and other universities (including Harvard and the Universities of Chicago and Michigan) under the authority of the Office of the Provost Marshal General of the United States Army. This program, known as the United States Civil Affairs Training School (or CATS) program, drew upon military personnel with experience in civil affairs or with special language abilities. The schools' curricula involved intensive courses in the languages, history, sociology, and culture of the various countries which were considered likely to be occupied by Allied forces. Particular emphasis was placed on the study of the economies of these countries, and exercises were conducted which simulated the kinds of problems likely to be encountered by occupation authorities.
The CATS program drew extensively upon the resources of the universities with which it was associated. At Stanford, university officials and faculty were recruited for the CATS program, and both the staff and the research materials of the Hoover Library played an important role in the program. Because of the need for Japanese language instructors, the CATS program also recruited among the Nisei population in the various relocation camps established after the American entry into the war. These Nisei instructors had to receive special permission from the American military in order to participate in the CATS program.
The CATS program operated at Stanford University from late 1943 until the middle of 1945. Throughout most of this time, its director was Harold Fisher, a Hoover Library official.

Scope and Content Note

The U.S. Civil Affairs Training School, Stanford University collection in the Hoover Archives consists largely of the school's academic and adminstrative records. There is a large amount of the course material used in classroom instruction (see ACADEMIC FILE), extensive personnel records (see ADMINISTRATIVE FILE), as well as numerous reports and intelligence estimates used for research by students (see RESEARCH MATERIAL). Much of this material gives insights into the concerns of American military planners regarding postwar occupation regimes, as well as indicating the military's perceptions of enemy countries, both as military powers and as socio-cultural formations.
There is material in the collection which discusses the origins of the school, its role within the administrative hierarchy of the Office of the Provost Marshal General, and its relations with other CATS programs (see ADMINISTRATIVE FILE, CORRESPONDENCE, and SUBJECT FILE). The question of the use of Nisei instructors is documented in the personnel records of the school.

Container List

Box 1-13

ACADEMIC FILE, 1943-1945

Scope and Content Note

Assignments, correspondence, dispatches, drills, examinations, exercises, homework, invoices, lectures, memoranda, messages, notes, outlines, printed matter, reports, and syllabi, arranged alphabetically by physical form
Box 1-10

Course material, 1943-1945. Assignments, drills, examinations, exercises, homework, lectures, outlines, and syllabi

Box 11, Folder 1-3

Course material

 

Subject file, 1943-1945. Correspondence, dispatches, invoices, memoranda, messages, notes, reports, and printed matter

 

Civil Affairs Training School, Actual Demonstration Exercise (CATSADE). Material relating to exercises simulating the military occupation of German and Japanese cities

Folder 4-5

Cologne (Köln) exercise

Box 12, Folder 1-4

Nagasaki exercise

Folder 5-6

Motion pictures

Box 13, Folder 1-3

Motion pictures

Box 13-29

ADMINISTRATIVE FILE, 1943-1947

Scope and Content Note

Announcements, balance sheets, budgets, bulletins, charts, clippings, contract, correspondence, directories, forms, memoranda, personnel records, printed matter, purchase orders, receipts, regulations, reports, requisitions, rules, and schedules, arranged alphabetically by physical form
Box 13, Folder 4-5

General. Notes and miscellany, 1943-1945

Folder 6

Announcements and bulletins, 1943-1944

Folder 7

Charts, 1943-1944

Folder 8

Clippings, 1943-1945

Folder 9

Directories, 1943-1944

Box 14

Financial records

Folder 1-2

Accounts, 1943-1946. Balance sheets and ledger books

Folder 3-4

Budgets, 1943-1945. Includes some correspondence

Folder 5

Contract, 1943

 

Requisitions. Includes purchase orders and receipts

Folder 6-7

1943

Box 15, Folder 1-2

1943

Folder 3

1943-1944

Folder 4

1944

Box 16, Folder 1-4

1944

Folder 5

1945

Box 17, Folder 1-5

1945

Box 18, Folder 1

Forms, n.d.

Folder 2

Memoranda, 1943-1944

 

Personnel records. Correspondence, forms, and memoranda

 

Faculty

 

General

Folder 3-5

1943

Folder 6-7

1944

Box 19, Folder 1

1945

 

Language instructors

Folder 2

A-F

Folder 3

H-I

Folder 4

K

Folder 5

M

Folder 6

N-R

Box 20, Folder 1

S

Folder 2

T-Y

 

Visiting lecturers

Folder 3

1944

Folder 4

1945

Folder 5

Staff. Includes administrators, secretaries, and technical assistants

Box 21

Students

Folder 1-5

1943

Box 22, Folder 1-3

1943

Folder 4-5

1944

Box 23, Folder 1-4

1944

Folder 5

1945

Box 24, Folder 1-4

1945

Folder 5

1946-1947

Box 25, Folder 1-2

Reports, 1944

Folder 3

Rules and regulations, 1943-1944

 

Schedules

Folder 4

1943-1944

Folder 5-6

1944

Folder 7

1945

Box 26, Folder 1

1945

 

Subject file, 1943-1945. Correspondence, memoranda, notes, printed matter, and reports

Folder 2

Complaints and suggestions

Folder 3

Conferences

Folder 4-7

Curriculum development

Box 27, Folder 1-3

Curriculum development

Folder 4

Draft deferments

Folder 5

Equipment

Folder 6

Graduation exercises

Box 28, Folder 1

Graduation exercises

Folder 2

Housing

Folder 3

Language instruction

Folder 4

Program origins

Folder 5

Public health

Folder 6

Room assignments

Folder 7

Reviews of materials

Folder 8

Sacramento project

Folder 9

Salaries

Folder 10

Security clearances

Box 29, Folder 1

Textbooks

Folder 2

Travel

Folder 3

United States. Army. Western Defense Command

Folder 4

United States. Army Service Forces. Army Specialized Training Division, 9-L

 

United States. War Relocation Authority

Folder 5

Manzanar, California

Folder 6

Topaz, Utah

Folder 7

Telephone bills. Includes correspondence

Folder 8

Yearbook. Three printed copies

Box 29-31

CORRESPONDENCE, 1942-1945.

Scope and Content Note

Letters and memoranda addressed to individuals, organized by name of school official sending or receiving correspondence. Arranged alphabetically by name of school official
Box 29, Folder 9

Allen, Frank, 1944

Folder 10

Anderson, Ronald, 1944-1945

Folder 11

Eden, John, 1943-1945

Box 30

Fisher, Harold

 

1943

Folder 1

May-August

Folder 2

September

Folder 3

October-November

Folder 4

December

 

1944

Folder 5

January-February

Folder 6

March-June

Folder 7

July-December

Box 31, Folder 1

1945

Folder 2

Hanna, Paul, 1942-1944

Folder 3

Lavrov, Sergey, 1944

Folder 4

Lutz, Ralph, 1943

Folder 5

Patten, Nathan van, 1943-1945

Folder 6

Sokol, Anthony, 1944-1945

 

Thomas, Lawrence

Folder 7

1943

Folder 8

1944

 

1945

Folder 9

January-June

Folder 10

July-August

Box 32-34

LIBRARY FILE, 1943-1945.

Scope and Content Note

Acquisition records, bibliographies, circulation records, correspondence, filing index, holdings records, loan records, memoranda, printed matter, and reports, arranged alphabetically by physical form. See also CARD FILE
Box 32, Folder 1-2

General, 1943-1945. Correspondence and reports

 

Acquisition records. Consists largely of lists of materials received

Folder 3

1943-1944

Folder 4-5

1944

Folder 6

1945

Box 33, Folder 1-3

1945

Folder 4

Bibliographies, 1943-1945

Folder 5

Circulation records, 1943-1945

Folder 6

Filing index, 1944

Folder 7

Holdings records, 1943

Box 34, Folder 1

Loan records

Folder 2

Memoranda

 

Subject file, 1943-1945. Correspondence, memoranda, and printed matter

Folder 3-5

Book and map orders

Folder 6

Disposition of material

Box 34-37

OFFICE OF THE PROVOST MARSHAL GENERAL FILE, 1943-1945.

Scope and Content Note

The U.S. Civil Affairs Training School program was under the adminstrative supervision of the Office of the Provost Marshal General of the U.S. Army, and the Stanford school reported directly to this office. Correspondence, memoranda, organizational charts, and reports
Box 34

Correspondence

Folder 7

General, 1944-1945

Folder 8

Fielding, William, 1944

Folder 9

Gorman, Robert, 1944-1945

Folder 10

Gullion, Allen, 1943-1944

Box 35, Folder 1

Heffner, Hubert, 1943-1944

Folder 2

Hyneman, Charles, 1943

Folder 3

Lerch, Archer, 1944-1945

Folder 4

Miller, Jesse, 1944-1945

Folder 5

Moulton, William, 1944-1945

Folder 6

Robison, H. E., 1943-1945

Folder 7

Shoemaker, James, 1943-1944

Folder 8

Storer, Morris, 1944

Folder 9

Van Wagenen, Richard, 1943-1944

 

Memoranda

Folder 10

1943

Box 36, Folder 1

1944

Folder 2

1945

Folder 3

Organizational charts, 1943-1945

 

Reports

Folder 4

1944

Folder 5-6

1945

 

Subject file, 1943-1945. Correspondence and memoranda

Folder 7

Book orders

Box 37, Folder 1

Lecturers

Folder 2

Translations

Box 37-42

PUBLICATIONS FILE, 1944-1945.

Scope and Content Note

Material relating to publications produced by the U.S. Civil Affairs Training School, Stanford University. Correspondence, drafts, outlines, printed matter, and questionnaires, arranged chronologically and by degree of completion
Box 37, Folder 3-4

Special Reports on Germany Prepared by Officer Students of the Civil Affairs Training School at Stanford Unversity, n.d. Printed copies

 

Civil Affairs Handbook on Japan, 1944. Sections 1, 6, and 16 of this handbook were produced at Stanford

 

Correspondence, 1944-1945

Folder 5

A-F

Folder 6

G-M

Folder 7

O-Z

Box 38, Folder 1-5

Questionnaires, 1944. Includes responses

Box 39, Folder 1

Outlines, 1944

Folder 2-5

Preliminary drafts, 1944

Box 40, Folder 1

Preliminary drafts

Folder 2-5

Final draft, 1944

 

Civil Affairs Handbook on Japan

 

Printed copy, 1944 (provisional edition)

Folder 6

Section 1, Geographical and social background

Box 41, Folder 1-2

Section 1, Geographical and social background

Folder 3-5

Section 6, Natural resources

Folder 6

Section 16, Public welfare

Box 42, Folder 1-2

Section 16, Public welfare

Box 42-56

RESEARCH MATERIAL, 1943-1945.

Scope and Content Note

Printed material, much of it orginally classified or otherwise restricted, used by students and faculty of the U.S. Civil Affairs Training School at Stanford University. Intelligence digests and estimates, reports, and translations, arranged by physical form
Box 42

Intelligence digests and estimates, 1943-1945

Folder 3

General

Folder 4

Counterintelligence

Folder 5

Germany

Folder 6

Italy

 

Japan and the Pacific Theater

Folder 7-8

General

Box 43, Folder 1-2

General

Folder 3-5

Far East Intelligence Notes. Material prepared by the Office of Strategic Services

 

Reports, 1943-1946. Includes material prepared by various intelligence agencies

Folder 6

General

 

General

Box 44, Folder 1-3

General

Folder 4-5

Military Government Field Reports. Issued by the Office of the Chief of Naval Operations, U.S. Navy Department

Box 45, Folder 1

Albania

Folder 2

China

Folder 3

France

Folder 4-6

Germany

Box 46, Folder 1

Germany

Folder 2

Indochina

Folder 3

Italy

 

Japan

Folder 4

General

Folder 5

Airfields

Box 47

Economic conditions

Folder 1-5

General

Box 48, Folder 1-5

General

Box 49, Folder 1-2

General

Folder 3

Fishing industry

Folder 4-5

Iron and steel industries

Box 50

Power industry. Material produced by the Office of Strategic Services (incomplete)

Box 51, Folder 1-2

Power industry

Folder 3-4

Politics and government

Box 52, Folder 1-4

Ports

Box 53, Folder 1-4

Ports

Box 54, Folder 1

Russo-Japanese War, 1904-1905

 

Transportation

Folder 2

General

Folder 3-4

Railroads

Folder 5

Netherlands

Folder 6

Philippines

 

Russia. See Japan/Russo-Japanese War, 1904-1905

Box 55, Folder 1-4

Translations, 1943-1945. Articles translated into English from the Japanese press and government publications

Box 56, Folder 1-4

Translations

Box 57-59

SUBJECT FILE, 1943-1945.

Scope and Content Note

Correspondence, instructional material, notes, printed matter, reports, and serial issue
Box 57, Folder 1-2

Captured German documents. Target lists of documents captured or sought by the American military (not the documents themselves)

Folder 3

Japanese Americans

Folder 4

United States. Army. School of Military Government, Charlottesville, Virginia

Folder 5-7

United States. Civil Affairs Holding and Staging Area, Presidio of Monterey

Box 58, Folder 1

United States. Civil Affairs Holding and Staging Area, Presidio of Monterey

 

United States. Civil Affairs Training School

Folder 2

Harvard University

Folder 3

Northwestern University

Folder 4-5

University of Chicago

Box 59, Folder 1-3

University of Michigan

Folder 4

Yale University

Box 60

CARD FILE, 1943-1945.

Scope and Content Note

Card catalog listing holdings in the Hoover Library used by the U.S. Civil Affairs Training School, Stanford University
Box 59 and Record cabinet

AUDIOVISUAL FILE 1945

box-folder 59 : envelope A

Photograph of class trip to Yosemite National Park 1945

Record cabinet

Colonel Diller's speech at the Civil Affairs Training School undated

Access Information

Use copy reference number: xx413_a_0005704

Scope and Content Note

Diller speaks to military students about to enter World War II. He begins by explaining to the audience what they can expect at Casa. He says comparing Charlottesville to Casa is analogous to Athens and Sparta. He also speaks about the war. (3 discs)
Reading room workstation

DECLASSIFIED U.S. GOVERNMENT RECORDS, 1944-1945.

Scope and Content Note

Formerly security-classified records of the U.S. government, released in full or in part. Available as PDF files. The PDF files are page images, so full-text search is not possible. Arranged chronologically by date of release by Hoover, thereunder by date of creation.
Reading room workstation

Records released in 2010, 1944-1945