Scope and Content of Series
NOTARIAL DOCUMENTS date from the 17th century and are bound into a leather portfolio. They are the product of "Escribanos,"
or Spanish public notaries, who produced a large quantity of such documents in the Spanish colonies. The documents in the
collection relate to property titles of lands in the region of Itzmiquilpa, in the countryside near Mexico City, and can be
divided into three categories. The first category, called "escribanias de merced" or "mercedes," are related to feudal customs
in the occupation of land in the Spanish Empire. The "merced" was a kind of feudal title bestowed on a colonial aristocrat
by the viceroy. The beneficiary of a merced acquired economical and judicial rights over a specific territory. The second
category of NOTORIAL DOCUMENTS are "cartas de venta," and refer to the sale of the feudal rights acquired with the property
of a merced. According to Pablo Macedo's 1908 letter, this collection includes notarial documents signed by three of Mexico's
viceroys: the marqués de Salinas, Don Luis de Velasco, dated 1609; the marqués de Guadalcázar, Don Diego Fernandez de Córdova,
dated 1614; and the conde de Monterrey, Don Gaspar de Zúñega y Acevedo, dated 1601.