Guide to the Friends of Perfection Records

Processed by Jennifer Schaffner; machine-readable finding aid created by James Lake
California Historical Society
North Baker Research Library
678 Mission Street
San Francisco, California 94105-4014
Phone: (415) 357-1848, ext. 220
Fax: (415) 357-1850
© 1999
California Historical Society. All rights reserved.

Guide to the Friends of Perfection Records

Collection number: MS 4008

California Historical Society

North Baker Research Library

San Francisco, California

Contact Information:

  • California Historical Society
  • North Baker Research Library
  • 678 Mission Street
  • San Francisco, California 94105-4014
  • Phone: (415) 357-1848, ext. 220
  • Fax: (415) 357-1850
  • Email:
  • URL:
Processed by:
Jennifer Schaffner
Date Completed:
April 1999
Encoded by:
James Lake
© 1999 California Historical Society. All rights reserved.

Descriptive Summary

Title: Friends of Perfection Records
Collection number: MS 4008
Origination: Friends of Perfection
Extent: 4 boxes, 1 flat box, 1 trunk
Repository: California Historical Society, North Baker Library
San Francisco, California 94105-4014
Language: English.

Administrative Information

Donor Info

The Sutter Street Commune donated the Friends of Perfection collection to California Historical Society in 1973. Known informally as the Sutter Street Commune or the Scott Street Commune, depending on the street on which they lived, this intentional community used the name Friends of Perfection for things like sales receipts, information requests or legalities, such as the deed to CHS for the collection. The "front" name, Friends of Perfection, derived from the commune's interest in the Oneida Community and the philosophy of Perfectionism of John Humphrey Noyes. This interest is reflected, for example, in "Communal Archaeology," the cover article (p.1) of Kaliflower Vol. 3, No. 1 (May 6, 1971). "Kaliflower," as the Friends of Perfection were often known, also derived their practices of complex marriage, third persons, criticism, and self-criticism from Noyes and the Oneida Community.


Collection is open for research.

Publication Rights

Copyright has not been assigned to The North Baker Research Library. All requests for permission to publish or quote from manuscripts must be submitted in writing to the Library Director. Permission for publication is given on behalf of The North Baker Research Library as the owner of the physical items and is not intended to include or imply permission of the copyright holder, which must also be obtained by the reader.

Preferred Citation

[Identification of item], Friends of Perfection Records. MS 4008, California Historical Society, North Baker Research Library.

Access Points

Free Print Shop
Sutter Street Commune
Communal living--California--San Francisco
Hippies--California--San Francisco
Underground press--California--San Francisco
Underground literature--California--San Francisco
Experimental theater--California--San Francisco
San Francisco (Calif.)--History--20th century
Free material
New Left--California--San Francisco


The Free Print Shop, one of several work projects of the Sutter Street Commune, published the intercommunal newsletter Kaliflower in San Francisco from April 24, 1969 through June 22, 1972. The Sutter Street Commune was one of several hundred communes in the 1960s in the San Francisco Bay Area. The Free Print Shop was in the basement of the commune's Victorian house in the redevelopment-owned area of the city, near where Japantown now stands.
Part 1: The Sutter Street Commune and the Diggers: The Sutter Street Commune consciously adopted the Diggers' "Free philosophy." The Diggers (1966-1968) were one of the groups in San Francisco's Haight-Ashbury District, a center of 1960s counterculture. Often cloaked in anonymity, the Diggers took their name from the original English Diggers (1649-1650), who had promulgated a vision of society free from private property and all forms of buying and selling.
The Diggers combined street theater, direct action, and art happenings in their social agenda of creating a Free City. Their most famous activities revolved around distributing free food every day in Golden Gate Park and distributing "surplus energy" at a series of Free Stores. Digger events, editorial comments of the day, pronouncements, manifestos and miscellaneous communications were broadcast through broadsides, leaflets and posters distributed by hand on Haight Street. The Sutter Street Commune set out to implement the blueprint for action that the Diggers had outlined a few months earlier in 1967.
Part 2: The Free Print Shop and Kaliflower: The announcement of the opening of the Free Print Shop was printed on silk cloth-faced paper, which the commune obtained from a large paper company in San Francisco that sold odd lots of paper very cheaply. Over the next several years, the Free Print Shop published a variety of materials, including flyers for other communal groups, free services, ecology groups, free arts groups, and the occasional political protest. California Historical Society's collection includes hundreds of Free Print Shop broadsides and flyers on various topics, such as "Free the Presidio 27," "Bring Huey Home," "Hells Angels Party," "The Non-Violent Revolution of India a talk," and "Gay Liberation Now."
In the spring of 1969, the Sutter Street Commune began weekly publication of the intercommunal newspaper Kaliflower. The name comes from Kali Yuga, the Hindu name for last and most violent age of humankind. The title suggests a flower growing out of the ashes of destruction. For three years Kaliflower circulation grew, until nearly three hundred communes received Kaliflower every Thursday. The burgeoning circulation compromised ideals of staying small, local and anonymous, so publication was eventually suspended.
"Kaliflower Day," as the name by which Thursdays became known, was the day of the week when Kaliflower was bound and distributed to all the other communes. In the beginning, each commune that received Kaliflower had a plywood board located in a communal space, where the messengers would hand-deliver the Kaliflowers. California Historical Society has one of the plywood boards used for delivery. A bamboo tube attached to the board held any free messages waiting for the deliverer to pick up. Members from other households would show up at Sutter Street, and later Scott Street when the commune moved. They spent the morning binding Kaliflower, using a Japanese sewing method of side stitching.
Commune members lived in two successive Victorian houses for their first seven years. In the 1960s in San Francisco, the Redevelopment Agency tore down many Victorian buildings in Japantown and the Western Addition. Commune members would go into the old Victorians and salvage as much as they could. California Historical Society's copies of Kaliflower were donated in an old Japanese steamer trunk salvaged from one of these abandoned houses.
Each Kaliflower was printed on a Chief 15 and bound by hand. Every ten weeks or so, a commune member would gather a sequence of the issues and put them into an elaborately decorated envelope. For example, volume 4 has 7 issues, which are organized in order in a envelope silk-screened with images depicting the Free Bakery and Free Food in three colors.
Kaliflower became an important mode of communication among the communes. It was common for people who delivered Kaliflower to come back with stories of travelling from one commune to another and being fêted at each in various ways. The messengers would pick up announcements and ads -- always free ads -- that would appear in the next week's issue. California Historical Society also has a set of broadsides, posters and other printed matter distributed with Kaliflower from time to time.

Scope and Content

This collection consists of a complete collection of the first series of the publication Kaliflower, with some supplements, and an incomplete collection of other products of the Free Print Shop. There are also some miscellaneous related items, including one of the original Kaliflower clipboards, and the trunk in which the archives were delivered to California Historical Society.

Related Collections

California Historical Society also has a related manuscript collection, MS 3159, on the Haight Street Diggers, which is closely related to the Friends of Perfection collection. There are also some new series issues of Kaliflower, printed at later dates for special occasions, some of which are among California Historical Society's collections.

Container List


Series 1: Kaliflower

Additional Note

The arrangement of the Kaliflower collection follows as closely as possible the provenance of the materials as the creators arranged them in the trunk. The silk-screened folder covers have been emptied, protected in mylar sleeves, and placed before the first issue of the sequence of Kaliflower issues that they contained.
Box Box 1 , Folder Folder 1

Kaliflower, vol. 1, nos. 1-10 (April 24, 1969-June, 1969)

Folder Folder 2

Kaliflower, vol. 1, nos. 11-20 (July 3, 1969-Sept. 4, 1969)

Folder Folder 3

Kaliflower, vol. 1, nos. 21-30 (Sept. 11, 1969-Nov. 13, 1969)

Folder Folder 4

Kaliflower, vol. 1, nos. 31-40 ([Nov. 20, 1969]-Jan. 22, 1970)

Folder Folder 5

Kaliflower, vol. 1, nos. 41-52½ (Jan. 29, 1970-April 23, 1970)

Folder Folder 6

Kaliflower, vol. 2, nos. 1-10 (April 30, 1970-[July 2, 1970])

Folder Folder 7

Kaliflower, vol. 2, nos. 11-20 ([July 9, 1970]-Sept. 10, 1970)

Folder Folder 8

Kaliflower, vol. 2, nos. 21-30 (Sept. 17, 1970-Nov. 19, 1970)

Folder Folder 9

Kaliflower, vol. 2, nos. 31-40 (Nov. 26, 1970-Jan. 28, 1971)

Box Box 2 , Folder Folder 10

Kaliflower, vol. 2, nos. 41-52 (Feb. 4, 1971-April 22, 1971)

Folder Folder 11

Kaliflower, vol. 3, nos. 1-14 (May 6, 1971-July 29, 1971)

Folder Folder 12

Kaliflower, vol. 3, nos. 15-26 (Aug. 12, 1971-Oct. 25, 1971)

Folder Folder 13

Kaliflower, vol. 3, nos. 27-39 (Nov. 4, 1971-Jan. 27, 1972)

Folder Folder 14

Kaliflower, vol. 3, nos. 40-52 (Feb. 3, 1972-April 27, 1972)

Folder Folder 15

Kaliflower, vol. 4, nos. 1-7 (May 11, 1972-June 22, 1972)


Series 2: Free Print Shop Archives

Additional Note

Each of the items has a small pencil notation included by the creators, often on the back of the piece, which indicates the number and the date of the piece.
Box Box 3 , Folder Folder 16

"Print-outs" [catalogue raisonné] "Aug. 1968-Dec. 1972" This is a list of the complete oeuvre of the Free Print Shop, compiled by the creators, including the title and dates of many items no longer available, or not included in the CHS collection.

Folder Folder 17

[nos. 1-13] 1968

Folder Folder 18

[nos. 14-124] 1969

Folder Folder 19

[nos. 125-164] 1970

Folder Folder 20

[nos. 165-213] 1971

Folder Folder 21

[nos. 214-286] 1972


Series 3: Miscellaneous

Box Box 4

Oversize Kaliflower supplement, rolled


Tube in which supplement and oversize pieces were delivered, with original identification notations

Box Box 5

Clipboard, with CHS contract clipped in as if it were an issue of Kaliflower


Oversize pieces on fabric -- "Our Lady of the Rubble," "Kali over Uncle Sam"


Newspaper wrappers for oversize pieces, with identification notations

Folder Folder 22

Kaliflower broadsides, supplements and posters (oversize) -- original identification notations in pencil

Folder Folder 23

Newspaper folder for four Kaliflower supplements

Folder Folder 24

Four Kaliflower supplements


Original folder of the Free Print Shop archives


Series 4: The trunk