Interesting or Important Items
Title: Sereno Edwards Bishop Collection,
Date (inclusive): 1795-1937,
Date (bulk): bulk 1852-1884
Bishop, Sereno Edwards
Extent: 956 pieces
The Huntington Library
San Marino, California 91108
Acquired from Robert H. Van Dyke, October 1977
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[Identification of item], Sereno Edwards Bishop Collection, The Huntington Library, San Marino, California.
This collection condenses nearly a century of missionary life on the Sandwich (Hawaiian) Islands, in the papers of the Bishop
family. It would be difficult to remain detached as we observe three generations meet the challenges of an area so remote
that, especially during the decades 1820-1850, six months more or less were required to travel from the east coast of the
United States to Honolulu via Cape Horn and San Francisco in tiny, crowded, uncomfortable sailing ships.
Artemas Bishop was 27 years old and had been married about 10 days when he and his wife Elizabeth Edwards sailed on the Thames
in November of 1822 from New Haven, Conn. with the second missionary company. 158 days later they reached Honolulu, which
was no more than a cluster of native grass habitats. Elizabeth lived only 6 years after leaving her home, and left two children,
Jane Elizabeth and Sereno Edwards, and a husband faced with the responsibility of small children added to his arduous missionary
duties. Before the year had ended he married Delia Stone, who had arrived as an unmarried member of the third missionary company.
Delia was a great help to her husband, a loving mother to the children, and a teacher in the missionary school.
Missionary children during those first decades on the Islands were kept apart from the native children in order to avoid any
adverse moral influence on them by the precocious children of nature. The Bishops were kind and devoted parents who developed
a relationship that remained close throughout their lives. Schools were early established on the Islands, but it was customary
to send the missionary children to the States to study as soon as the elementary studies had been completed, usually at age
12 or 13. There the homesick children remained until they could return fully trained as teachers, missionaries or physicians,
often 10 or 12 or more years later. So it was with Sereno Bishop, and Sereno's own children.
Modern literature and films have often been unkind to those early pioneer missionaries, picturing them as exploiters of the
natives, becoming wealthy at the expense of cheap or slave labor. Yet it is clear from reading their letters that life was
far from easy, luxurious or even comfortable, and that most of the missionaries struggled with debt and poverty for many years.
They suffered isolation, loneliness, shortages of necessities, inflated costs for essential goods, physical exposure and discomforts.
They watched almost helpless when loved ones became ill; babies often died in infancy, and when death came, there was only
faith to help them. Travel from island to island meant days of seasickness in rough water, and travel overland was normally
through mountains and jungle by horseback. Parents who sent their island born children to cold northern climates knew they
might never see them again, for they easily fell victim to mainland diseases. Those who survived all such ordeals to adulthood,
however, might look toward longevity, for the climate on the Islands seemed to contribute to a long life.
Mainly the papers of Sereno Edwards Bishop, the collection contains letters from Artemas to Sereno, and from Sereno to his
father. Father and son consulted and discussed widely affairs of family, mission and school, world events, and biblical interpretations
in the candid, open way possible only between persons who fully trust each other. These discussions undoubtedly had a great
influence on Sereno's attitudes and success as a writer and editor, and encouraged him in his scientific investigations such
as the effects of volcanic eruptions on atmospheric conditions. Letters between Sereno and his wife, Cornelia Ann (Sessions)
Bishop, give a comprehensive picture of life on the Islands through the decades 1850s-1880s. There are also letters from other
family members, and from friends, missionaries, and business associates, both in the Islands and on the mainland. The collection
also contains several journals.
- Hawaii and Hawaiian life
- Education - Hawaii
- Education - Amherst, Mass.
- Diaries and Journals - Hawaii
- Diaries and Journals - Voyages and Travel (BSH 708)
- Missions and Missionaries - Hawaii
- Ships - William Lee (BSH 708)
- Whaling (BSH 708)
Interesting or Important Items
- BSH 708
- BISHOP, Sereno Edwards. Journal kept in passage from Sandwich Islands to Newport, R.I. in the ship William Lee. 1839-1840
- BSH 709
- BISHOP, Sereno Edwards. Childhood Recollections of the Old Mission House, between 1831 and 1839. [1896<]
- BSH 509
- BISHOP, Cornelia Ann (Sessions). Journal. 1856<>1862.