Scope and Content
Title: Rosa Luxemburg and Mathilde Jacob Papers,
Date (inclusive): 1887-1941
Collection number: 39000
Luxemburg, Rosa, 1871-1919
Collection Size: 4 manuscript boxes, 1 microfilm reel, 4 envelopes (2.1 linear feet)
Hoover Institution Archives
Stanford, California 94305-6010
Abstract: Correspondence, annotated daily calendars, and photographs, relating to the German
socialist and communist movements, and to the imprisonment of Rosa Luxemburg during World
War I. Includes a memoir by Mathilde Jacob, personal secretary to Rosa Luxemburg,
entitled "Von Rosa Luxemburg und ihren Freunden" (present in variant typescript forms
with annotations, and on microfilm), and correspondence of Mathilde Jacob.
Collection open for research.
The Hoover Institution Archives only allows access to
copies of audiovisual items. To listen to sound recordings or to view videos or films during your visit, please contact the Archives
at least two working days before your arrival. We will then advise you of the accessibility of the material you wish to
see or hear. Please note that not all audiovisual material is immediately accessible.
Box 4, Folder 15 may not be quoted without written permission of the Archiv der sozialen
For copyright status, please contact the Hoover Institution Archives.
[Identification of item], Rosa Luxemburg and Mathilde Jacob papers, [Box no.], Hoover Institution Archives.
Acquired by the Hoover Institution Archives in 1939.
Materials may have been added to the collection since this finding aid was prepared. To determine if this has occurred, find
the collection in Stanford University's online catalog at
. Materials have been added to the collection if the number of boxes listed in the online catalog is larger than the number
of boxes listed in this finding aid.
World War, 1914-1918.
World War, 1914-1918--Germany.
Jacob, Mathilde, 1873-1943.
Mathilde Jacob, the admirer, friend, confidant, and secretary of Rosa Luxemburg from
December 1913 to January 1915, was born in 1873. Between 1913 and 1942 Mathilde Jacob
made her living as a public stenographer, typist, and translator. Her years prior to
World War I and through the 1920s were devoted to the successive causes of the Social
Democratic Party and Communist Party in Germany. She was introduced to these movements by
her brother Joseph Jacob, who also helped her obtain such clients as Franz Mehring, Karl
Radek, Paul Levy, and Rosa Luxemburg. Mathilde Jacob first met Rosa Luxemburg in December
1913 during her employment as the typist for the publication
A friendship developed which led to Mathilde's role as Rosa's
primary source of external information and material needs during her years of
imprisonment from 1914-1918 for opposition to German participation in World War I.
Following Rosa Luxemburg's death in 1919, Mathilde Jacob worked for Paul Levy until his
death in 1930. In 1942 she was deported to a concentration camp where it is believed that
Scope and Content
The Rosa Luxemburg-Mathilde Jacob Collection was acquired by the Hoover Institution on
War, Revolution, and Peace in 1939 by Professor Ralph H. Lutz. These papers, given to
Professor Lutz by Mathilde Jacob, comprise some 344 letters, postcards, and telegrams,
including 144 letters and postcards from Rosa Luxemburg to Mathilde Jacob, and Mathilde
Jacob's manuscript "Von Rosa Luxemburg und ihren Freunden, 1914-1919."
One folder of photocopies of lettters from Mathilde Jacob to Jenny Herz was received from
the Archiv der sozialen Demokratie in 1989. These letters may not be quoted without
written permission of the Archiv der sozialen Demokratie.